The Complete Clinton Calendar

Four Years of Presidential misdoings, missteps and mistakes
Complete Clinton Scandals Chronology

Day by day, scandal by scandal, flip-flop by flip-flop ...

why three years seems like a lifetime


The Clintons' association with the McDougals begins when Bill Clinton and Jim McDougal work together on the staff of then-U.S. Senator J. William Fulbright (D-Ark.) Before going to work for Fulbright, McDougal also had previously worked during the early 1960's for Senator John L. McClellan, on the Rackets Committee


Bill Clinton is recruited to serve on the special staff being assembled by John Doar and attached to the House Judiciary Committee (not the regular committee staff) to handle the Nixon impeachment inquiry. He declines, and tells them to hire his girlfriend, Hillary Rodham, instead. Or at least that is the most logical deduction.

On the staff Hillary engages in some unethical behavior, lying to the permanent committee staff. Hillary tells everybody close to her that she expects Bill Clinton to be President one day and promises Bernard Nussbaum that when that happens, he will be named White House counsel. He does not the offer seriously. Hillary is very close to John Doar and one weekend, while visiting Arkansas, gets called back to come to Washington, (possibly in order to make a false transcript of one of the tapes? It may be that she writes the words "I want you all to stonewall it. My thoughts. The tapes are never publicly aired so no one notices this, although they can be listened to without stopping)

Bill Clinton's kindergarten friend, Thomas F. "Mack" McLarty, becomes the chairman of the Arkansas Democratic Party.

Bill Clinton runs for Congress, but, although he uses Watergate as an issue, and raises more money than the four-term incumbent, John Paul Hammerschmidt, he narrowly loses. Also, his mentor, Senator Fulbright loses a primary to Arkansas Governor Dale Bumpers ruining his hopes of going to the Senate eventually.

With Bill stuck in Arkansas, Hillary is forced to move to Arkansas.


Bill Clinton and Hillary Rodham marry (October 11) because it is awkward for Bill Clinton to explain that they are living together without being married.


Bill Clinton became Arkansas attorney general


Hillary Rodham is hired as a lawyer by the Rose Law Firm.

Whitewater Created, Clintons Get Stake on "Little Money"


Clinton becomes Governor and appoints friend James McDougal economic-development adviser. Later that year, Bill and Hillary joined with McDougal and his wife Susan to form a real estate partnership, Whitewater Development. Clintons took out an unsecured $20,000 loan from McDougal's S&L for their share of the down payment on the land purchase of $203,000.

+ Through Whitewater Development Corp., 230 acres of Ozark Mountain vacation property was purchased for $203,000 in borrowed money with plans to subdivide and sell the acreage in lots. "During this period," reported the New York Times (3-8-92), "the Clintons appear to have invested little money, so stood to lose little if the venture failed, but might have cashed in on their 50 percent interest if it had done well."

+ The Washington Post reported on November 29, 1993, that the $20,000 down payment that the Clintons apparently paid in for Whitewater came from an unsecured loan at a Little Rock bank, whose board of directors included Clinton's top campaign finance official that year, Walter DeRoeck.

6-19-78: Bill Clinton and Jim McDougal sign $20,000 loan >from Union National Bank.

7-27-78: Letter from Whitewater Real Estate Agent Chris Wade to the Clintons and McDougals providing them with a copy of the closing statement on their land purchase.

8-2-78: The Clintons and McDougals sign $182,611 mortgage loan from Citizens Bank of Flippin.

9-7-78: Letter from Whitewater Real Estate Agent Chris Wade to the Clintons and McDougals enclosing a survey and another copy of the closing statement on their land purchase.


1979-80: Clinton Becomes Governor; McDougal Buys a Bank

+ Bill Clinton took office in January 1979 . James McDougal joined his administration as an economic development aide. He soon left and bought the Bank of Kingston in northern Arkansas (New York Times, 11/2/93).

+ David Hale (who served as an Arkansas municipal judge from March 1979 until September 1993) formed Capital-Management Services, Inc., licensed with the Small Business Administration as a Specialized Small Business Investment Corporation to make taxpayer-guaranteed loans to socially disadvantaged men and women to start their own business.

+ James McDougal bought Madison Guaranty Savings and Loan Association. Whitewater Development kept its accounts at Madison (Minneapolis Star Tribune, 3/13/94).

The $100,000 commodities trading profits are made.

Clinton Becomes Governor' McDougal Buys a Bank. Hillary is made a partner in the Rose Law Firm (1979 actually)

Jim McDougal employed as an economic development aid to Governor Clinton.

2-15-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Governor Clinton and Jim McDougal.

2-19-79: Jim McDougal issues memorandum to Susan McDougal detailing Gov. Clinton's daily schedule for the month of April 1979 .

3-10-79: Susan McDougal provides Gov. Clinton with details about function at which he is to make an appearance.

3-29-79: Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal attend ceremony at Governor's Mansion.

4-2-79: Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal attend luncheon.

4-11-79: Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal attend luncheon.

4-18-79: Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal attend press conference, fly to Paragould, Ark., and attend meeting.

5-2-79: Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal attend meeting.

5-3-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

5-23-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

5-24-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

5-25-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

5-29-79: Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal attend luncheon.

6-5-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Governor Clinton and Jim McDougal.

6-18-79: Jim McDougal signs stock certificate to Hillary Rodham representing 150 shares of Whitewater stock.

6-19-79: Bill Clinton and Jim McDougal sign $20,000 loan renewal from Union National Bank.

6-27-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

7-3-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

7-24-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

7-31-79: Two meetings at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

8-3-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

8-12-79: Jim McDougal accompanies Gov. Clinton on trip to Fayetteville, Arkansas.

8-13-79: Jim McDougal accompanies Gov. Clinton on "road trip."

8-14-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

8-23-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Governor Clinton and Jim McDougal.

9-4-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

9-17-79: Bill Clinton and Jim McDougal sign $20,000 loan renewal from Union National Bank.

9-30-79: The Clintons and McDougals sign warranty deed associated with Whitewater property.

10-1-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal. That evening, Jim and Susan McDougal accompany Gov. and Mrs. Clinton on flight to New Orleans, La.

10-7-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

10-9-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

10-15-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

10-16-79: Two meetings at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

10-23-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

10-29-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

11-9-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal. Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal sign $182,611 mortgage loan renewal from Citizens Bank of Flippin.

11-20-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

12-7-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

12-14-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.

12-17-79: Bill Clinton and Jim McDougal sign $20,000 loan renewal from Union National Bank.

12-18-79: Meeting at Governor's Mansion attended by Gov. Clinton and Jim McDougal.


8-5-80: Bill Clinton and Jim McDougal sign $182,611 mortgage loan renewal from Citizens Bank of Flippin.

12-16-80: Hillary Clinton obtains a $30,000 loan from Jim McDougal's Madison Bank and Trust.

The purpose of this loan was to place a prefab house on Lot 13, which was positioned near the entrance to the development in an attempt to spur lot sales. Consequently, the Clintons must have known as early as December 1980 that Whitewater was experiencing slow lot sales.

12-28-80: Jim McDougal signs Warranty Deed transferring ownership of Whitewater Lot 13 to Hillary Clinton.


8-5-81: The Clintons and McDougals sign $129,241 mortgage loan renewal from Citizens Bank of Flippin.

10-12-81: Letter from Hillary Rodham to Jim McDougal stating, "If Reaganomics works at all, Whitewater could become the western hemisphere's Mecca."

This letter shows that Mrs. Clinton is interested in Whitewater being a financial success and apparently is monitoring its progress.

11-10-81: Letter from Ozarks Realty Co. to the Clintons providing a closing statement on sale of Lot 13 to Hilman Logan.

The Clintons possibly were aware of the adverse economics related to Whitewater as of this date. Not only was an immediate loss realized with respect to the sale of this lot, but additional losses over time would result because of the high interest rate on bank debt (20 percent) compared to the statutory interest rate cap on the underlying installment contract (10 percent).

12-9-81: The Clintons enter into escrow contract associated with sale of Lot 13 to Hilman Logan.

12-14-81: The Clintons sign warranty deed to be placed in escrow transferring title of Lot 13 to Hilman Logan.

12-22-81: Memorandum to Bill Clinton noting that Jim and Susan McDougal are out of town and that he will have to complete his financial statement on his own.


Whitewater books show nearly $300,000 in revenues from plot sales. Hillary borrows another $30,000 unsecured loan from McDougals S&L to pay for a model home on the development.

3-1-82: Letter from Jim McDougal to Bill Clinton stating, "I have paid from Whitewater Development Corporation the note you owed Citizens Bank of Jonesboro. You are correct in your believe that the sum of money borrowed was part of your investment in Whitewater."

A handwritten note on the bottom of the letter reads, "Response to Hillary," indicating that Mrs. Clinton apparently inquired about the matter and requested the above statement from Jim McDougal, possibly for tax purposes.

3-25-82: Memorandum from Citizens Bank of Jonesboro to Bill Clinton about additional interest due on his loan because it was repaid after the due date, and that she had discussed the matter with someone at his headquarters' office, but had not heard back from him.

3-31-82: Memorandum from Citizens Bank to file noting that the writer had spoken with Susan McDougal

8-00-82: Photographs of Candidate for governor Clinton and candidate for Congress McDougal appear on the front page of Young Democrats of Arkansas publication In Action.

8-3-82: Memorandum to Bill Clinton stressing the importance of his attendance at an upcoming Democratic rally with Jim McDougal.

8-5-82: Letter from Theresa Pockrus of Madison Bank and Trust to Hillary Clinton reminding her that her loan is past due.

8-9-82: Memorandum to Bill Clinton advising him that the public perceives him and Jim McDougal as a team.

8-11-82: Letter from Hillary Rodham to Theresa Pockrus of Madison Bank and Trust stating, "I ask that you speak with either Mr. or Mrs. McDougal who have made all the arrangements for this loan."

8-27-82: Candidate for governor Clinton and candidate for Congress McDougal speak at Democratic State Committee meeting.

9-11-82: Candidate for governor Clinton and Candidate for congress McDougal speak at Logan County Democratic Barbecue-Rally.

9-16-82: Candidate for governor Clinton and candidate for Congress McDougal appear at 1982 Democratic Convention.

9-24-82: Democratic press release that Mrs. Bill Clinton and Jim McDougal will be featured speakers at an upcoming rally.

9-30-82: Candidate for governor Clinton and candidate for Congress McDougal appear at reception.

10-30-82: Whitewater Development Company, Inc. board meeting to authorize renewal of Citizens Bank of Flippin mortgage loan and establish an escrow account.

11-1-82: The Clintons and McDougals sign $20,000 interest funding loan from Citizens Bank of Flippin.

The purpose of this loan was to pay accrued interest due on the land mortgage because Whitewater was not generating sufficient income to service bank debt. Consequently, the Clintons must have known at this point that the land venture could not pay its bills.

11-1-82: The Clintons and McDougals sign $129,241 mortgage loan renewal from Citizens Bank of Flippin.

The Clintons should have questioned how Whitewater would be able to retire the debt in just six months, especially since they just signed an additional $20,000 loan to pay delinquent interest.


McDougal rapidly expanded Madison Guaranty S&L, prompting the Arkansas banking commissioner, Marlin Jackson to stop making imprudent loans. The banking regulator told Clinton about McDougal's shoddy practices, but Clinton took no action.

McDougal Bank Investigated; Madison Assets Grow

+ The Kingston Bank, which James McDougal purchased in 1979, came under investigation. Governor Clinton's banking commissioner informed the Governor that McDougal was engaging in questionable banking practices (New York Times, 11-2-93).

From assets of $6 million, Madison had now grown to over $100 million (Ibid.).

3-28-83: Letter from Mrs. Clinton (on Governor's Mansion letterhead) to "Dear Gaines" which reads, in part, "Here are my records. I've tried to list all categories of income and deductions on the enclosed typed pages. . . .I do not as yet have the tax info from McDougal's accountant about White River. I will try to get it but may want you also to contact him. After you've had a bank to review these, I'd be glad to meet with you."

This letter shows that Mrs. Clinton was actively involved in the handling of Whitewater's financial records.

9-3-83: Letter from Mrs. Clinton (on Governor's Mansion letterhead) to Jim McDougal stating, "I just received the enclosed. What needs to be done about this, and have you closed out our interest? Could you have someone call me?"

This letter shows that Mrs. Clinton was seeking answers, apparently about financial matters associated with Whitewater. A handwritten note on the bottom of the letter reads, "Done 10-18-83 ."

9-30-83: Governor Clinton signs a $20,80 0 loan from Security Bank of Paragould, the proceeds of which are remitted directly to Madison Bank and Trust and applied to Hillary Clinton's loan.

10-10-83: Letter from Rose Law Firm Managing Partner C.J. Giroir, Jr. to Jim McDougal referencing Mr. McDougal's discussion with Hillary Rodham Clinton about legal services rendered.

10-14-83: The Clintons and McDougals sign $128,075 mortgage loan renewal from Citizens Bank of Flippin.

The last renewal, on November 1, 1982, required the shareholders to obtain a $20,000 loan to pay delinquent interest. Approximately one year later, just one lot had been sold and only a small $1,166 principal reduction had been made. The Clintons must have observed that the economics of the project continued to be problematic, and should have questioned how the loan, for which they were personally obligated, would be repaid.


Hundreds of thousands of dollars in mysterious checks began moving through Whitewater's account at Madison Guaranty, according to a later probe by the RTC. The investigators suspect Whitewater was operating a check-kiting scheme to drain money from the S&L.

Whitewater Posts Losses; Madison Hires Hillary

+ According to check ledgers, Whitewater posted losses beginning in 1984 and had frequent and large negative balances in its account at Madison (New York Times, 11-2-93). The Resolution Trust Corporation later alleged that beginning in 1984 , Whitewater was used by the McDougals in a check-kiting scheme involving funds from Madison (Washington Post, 11-11-93).

+ The Los Angeles Times (11-7-93) reported McDougal said Clinton "stopped by after a morning jog" to tell him that family finances were tight and ask if he could please throw some of Madison Guaranty Savings' legal business to his attorney wife, Hillary Rodham Clinton. When asked how much they needed, Clinton said "$2,000 a month," according to McDougal.

+ Hillary Clinton, then with the Rose Law Firm, began accepting a $2,000-a-month retainer from Madison Guaranty. Mr. McDougal said he hired Hillary at the urging of her husband, Governor Clinton (Los Angeles Times, 11-12-93). She remained on retainer for 15 months.

1-19-84 Letter from Jim McDougal to the Canadian Department of Tourism listing Gov. Clinton as a business and character reference.

9-6-84: Memorandum to Gov. Clinton about phone call from Susan McDougal requesting that Gov. Clinton attend a party for her husband. Gov. Clinton responds that he would like to attend and give Jim McDougal an "FDR bust."

9-30-84: The Clintons sign $18,80 0 loan renewal from Security Bank of Paragould.

Whitewater paid $4,811.19 on the loan for accrued interest and a $2,000 principal reduction. The Clintons improperly deducted the $2,81 1.19 interest payment paid by Whitewater on their personal tax returns.

10-1-84: Letter from Hillary Clinton to Jim McDougal regarding past due notice received from Security Bank of Paragould and requesting a tax receipt for her records.

10-4-84: Letter from Jim McDougal to Hillary Clinton regarding a Whitewater check to pay interest and make a principal reduction on Security Bank of Paragould loan and advising that he will forward a tax receipt to her when received.

10-22-84: Letter from Hillary Clinton to Jim McDougal about Security Bank of Paragould loan renewal, stating, "Will you ask someone to take of this for us?"

10-29-84: Letter from Gov. Clinton to Jim McDougal apparently responding to a letter from Jim McDougal about state laws that apply to the operation of vending machines.

11-21-84: Letter from Jim McDougal to Hillary Clinton stating, "I urgently need your personal financial statement to renew the Whitewater note at Flippin."

11-21-84: Letter from Jim McDougal to Ron Proctor of Citizens Bank of Flippin enclosing a Whitewater check for $6,000, along with personal and corporate financial statements, and noting that Governor Clinton will mail his statement directly.

11-26-84: The Clintons and McDougals sign $100,121 mortgage loan renewal from Citizens Bank of Flippin.

The Clintons should have questioned how a $27,954 principal reduction was made in light of past chronic cash shortfalls and minimal lot sales activity since the last renewal. Related correspondence indicates that the loan renewal was not actually signed on this date.

12-3-84: Letter from Ron Proctor of Citizens Bank of Flippin to Jim McDougal enclosing a renewal note that needs to be signed by the Clintons and McDougals, as well as by the corporation. The letter also requests that Jim McDougal "Please tell Mr. Clinton that the renewal will not go into effect until we receive his current personal financial statement. This means that the loan will remain past due until we receive the statement."

12-12-84: Letter from Jim McDougal to Betsy Wright of the Governor's Office stating, "Governor Clinton has made a commitment concerning this bill which I need to discuss with you at your convenience."

12-12-84: Letter from Jim McDougal to Ron Proctor of Citizens Bank referencing that he has forwarded the note renewal to the Clintons for them to sign and return directly to him.

12-12-84: Memorandum from Jim McDougal to Hillary Rodham Clinton requesting that she sign her name and Bill's name to the enclosed financial statement and note renewal. The memorandum further states that he will be glad to visit with her at any time, and to please let him know when it will be convenient for her.

This letter indicates that Mrs. Clinton apparently is again seeking information about Whitewater's finances.



Clinton appoints friend, Beverly Bassett Schaffer, as head of the State Securities Department (which oversees the banking commission and supervises S&Ls). Schaffer had represented Madison Guaranty at her law firm. (In that role, federal regulators now say, she knew how badly Madison violated regulations.)

1-2-85: Madison Financial issues $400 check to Inaugural Committee per Susan McDougal.

2-7-85: Memorandum from Jim McDougal to Gov. Clinton recommending John Latham and Dr. Jerry Kendall for the State Savings and Loan Board, wherein he notes that, "I am about the only one around who has any interest in this board."

3-26-85: Memorandum from staff to Gov. Clinton about attending Jim McDougal's fund raiser on April 4 around 4:00 or 4:30. Governor Clinton responds with a handwritten note on the bottom of the memorandum stating, "really needs at least and hour."

1985 - APRIL

Bill Clinton asked McDougal to host a fund-raiser to pay off a $50,000 personal loan that Clinton had borrowed to help finance his 1984 campaign. The event raised $35,000. ( An article in the USA today states that most of this money came in the form of cashier checks from Madison Guaranty under the names of prominent depositors. Those named on the checks have been contacted and have stated that they never contributed money to Clinton. This has investigators examining the possibility the money from Madison was illegally diverted to Clinton campaign. If true - that Madison gave money in the name of a depositor without that person's knowledge - that would be improper diversion of depositor funds, a felony.)

+ Days before McDougal held a fund-raiser on April 4, 1985, that raised at least $35,000 to help Clinton pay off his debt to his 1984 reelection campaign, McDougal learned that Madison was being scrutinized by federal regulators (New York Times, 11-2-93).

+ "At least one person listed as having donated money at the 1985 event has denied he contributed to Clinton" (Arkansas Democrat Gazette, 1-15-94).

+ It is widely speculated that McDougal illegally diverted Madison funds to Clinton's campaign (Time, 1-17-94).

+ It was during this time that Whitewater allegedly was used by the McDougals in a check kiting scheme to drain funds from Madison. Details of the alleged scheme were published by the Washington Post (11-11-93):

+ "Whitewater issued 10 checks for more than $70,000. Several were written to the Bank of Cherry Valley, where Clinton had a campaign account. . . other alleged shell corporations, or from Madison Financial Corp., the S&L's wholly owned subsidiary.

+ "One $30,000 check was issued on Whitewater's account to McDougal with the notation `loan repayment,' though sources said the RTC found no records of any loan from McDougal.

+ "That check resulted in an overdraft that was covered by a deposit of $30,000 from Madison Financial Corp. (MFC). In April 1985, according to S&L documents, MFC deposited $30,000 directly into Whitewater's account as a `prepayment' on a 1985 bonus to McDougal, MFC's president."

4-3-85: Stephens Security Bank (Stephens, Arkansas) loans $135,000 to James and Susan McDougal for their Flowerwood Farms real estate development in Pulaski County, 100 miles north of Stephens. Stephens Security was known to have ties to the Arkansas elite, and many corporate matters were handled by C. Joseph Giroir Jr - chairman of the Rose Law firm. Hillary Clinton used her name to secure the $135,000 loan. Don Denton, a former VP at Madison S&L, has given an affidavit to Kenneth Starr stating he was in the room when Hillary signed for the loan.

The April 3 note was secured by 11 lots in Flowerwood Farms, and the proceeds went into the Flowerwood Farms account at Madison.

One check for $24,599.90 went to Whitewater Development to cover an overdraft. As the Clintons were 50-50 partners, they directly benefited from this payment. Two more checks for $140,000 paid off personal loans of Jim McDougal. By April 19, Flowerwood Farms account was overdrawn by $50,000.

Another check from the Flowerwood Farms money for $3,000 was given to former Senator William Fullbright.

4-4-85: Gov. Clinton's daily schedule reflecting his attendance at Jim McDougal's fund raiser from 4:15 to 5:30. The event was held at Madison Guaranty and its purpose was to help the governor retire his personal 1984 campaign debt. At least $32,000 is raised from Madison Guaranty employees, borrowers and other insiders.

4-4-85: Madison Guaranty cashier's check #Q2496 for $3,000 issued to Bill Clinton Campaign Fund.

4-4-85: Madison Guaranty cashier's check #Q2497 for $3,000 issued to Bill Clinton.

4-4-85: Madison Guaranty cashier's check #Q2498 for $3,000 issued to Bill Clinton.

4-4-85: Jim and Susan McDougal contribute $3,000 to Gov. Clinton's gubernatorial campaign fund.

4-4-85: Senator William Fullbright gives a $3,000 contribution - money he just received from McDougal - to Bill Clinton at a fund raiser at Madison's Little Rock HQ. This event was used to retire a $30,000 debt Clinton had from a loan taken out during his '84 campaign. So Hillary had signed a loan where a portion of the money had been diverted to others and then given to Bill to retire his loan. As the Flowerwood account was overdrawn by 4-19, this is an example of diverting S&L money to Bill while contributing to the default of Madison.

4-9-85: Memorandum to Gov. Clinton relaying message from Jim McDougal about the importance of the governor attending an April 15 event with him.

4-24-85: Letter from Madison Guaranty employee Sue Strayhorn to the Governor's Office providing addresses for contributors at the April 4, 1985 fund raiser.

4-30-85: Letter from Jim McDougal to Gov. Clinton recommending Skip Emmett for the County Agent job in Newton County.

4-30-85: Hillary Clinton, who represents Madison, proposes an unusual stock sale to shore up the troubled S&L. This was described as a "precedent-setting" stock reissue plan to state regulators to save Madison (Washington Post, 1-24-94). Madison's attorneys included a Frost & Co. audit of Madison to demonstrate its solvency as part of their petition to state regulators (Los Angeles Times, 1-16-94).

Schaffer approves the deal over the objections of the banking commission ( and Federal regulators). (Madison was represented before Schaffer by Hillary Clinton, on retainer by McDougal at $2,000 a month. McDougal says he hired Hillary because Bill Clinton begged him to. Schaffer, in a "Dear Hillary" letter, approved the Stock sale. Federal regulators complained to Schaffer about McDougals business practices, but she did nothing.)

5-14-85: In a "Dear Hillary" letter, Arkansas State Securities Commissioner Beverly Bassett Schaffer approved the stock reissue plan advanced by Madison's attorneys, including Hillary Rodham Clinton, but the plan was never carried out (New York Times, 11-2-93; Washington Post, 1-24-94). Clinton appointed Schaffer to this post of regulating the state's S&Ls, and her brother helped manage Clinton's 1984 campaign.

5-23-85: Letter from Jim McDougal to Hillary Clinton indicating that he would like to meet with Rose Law Firm Managing Partner Joe Giroir, "to discuss a couple of banking matters with him which might be mutually beneficial."

7-9-85: McDougals use the same 11 mortgaged Flowerwood Farms lots to secure a second loan from Madison for $99,113. The McDougals have just committed fraud on a federally insured institution as there is no evidence that the Madison board or Hillary Clinton were informed of the double pledging of the lots.

7-11-85: Internal Madison Guaranty memorandum from Jim McDougal to John Latham stating, "I need to know everything you have pending before the Securities Commission as I intend to get with Hillary Clinton within the next few days."

8-4-85: Memorandum to Gov. Clinton about a problem concerning the Savings and Loan Board to which Gov. Clinton responds by advising staff to call Jim McDougal.

8-8-85: Internal Madison Guaranty memorandum from Pat Jones to John Latham about preference to use Hillary Clinton on Madison Guaranty's application to move its home office.

8-9-85: Internal Madison Guaranty memorandum from Pat Jones to Sarah Hawkins referencing that John Latham will talk to Hillary Clinton about Madison Guaranty's application to move its home office.

9-4-85: Internal Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration document noting that Mrs. Lorene McDougal (Jim McDougal's mother) is a personal friend of Gov. Bill Clinton.

10-11-85: Bill Clinton signs $13,80 0 loan renewal from Security Bank of Paragould.

11-1-85: Letter from Marlin D. Jackson, Arkansas Bank Commissioner, to Charles D. Campbell, Security Bank of Paragould vice president, stating, "It is my understanding that Jim McDougal, a close friend as well as business associate of Governor Clinton, is to forward to you a check for $2,322.42 representing the interest due on the note."

11-8-85: Letter from Jim McDougal to Charles D. Campbell, Security Bank of Paragould Vice President, with a cc to Bill, enclosing a $7,322.42 Whitewater check to be applied to Bill Clinton's loan.

Whitewater paid $7,322.42 on the loan for accrued interest and a $5,000 principal reduction. The Clintons improperly deducted the $2,322.42 interest payment paid by Whitewater on their personal tax returns.

11-20-85: Internal Madison Guaranty memorandum from Jim McDougal to Seth Ward stating that, "I have spoken with the Governor on this matter, and expect it will be approved."

11-21-85: Telephone call from Governor's Office to Jim McDougal.

Late 1985 - the FSLIC, noting irregularities, tells McDougal that they will audit Madison in early 1986.

12-9-85: Richard Smith from Stephens Securities calls McDougal. S&L examiners are after Stephens to reduce its questionable "out of region" loans, and Smith wants the Flowerwood Farms note paid off.

12-10-85: Gov. Clinton names Jim McDougal to the Martin Luther King Holiday Commission.

12-17-85: Internal Madison Guaranty memorandum from Sue Strayhorn to Davis Fitzhugh referencing that Margaret Carter, a prospective tenant, was referred to Jim McDougal by Bill Clinton.

12-19-85: Telephone call from Governor's Office to Jim McDougal.

12-19-85: Governor Clinton's daily schedule reflecting a dinner engagement at the Governor's Mansion with Jim McDougal and J.W. Fulbright.

December '85 -January '86 - needing capital to correct the books for the double pledging (as well as other deals), McDougal gets in bed with David Hale, Jim Guy Tucker, and Bill Clinton. They plan a scheme where money from Hale's Capital Management Services Inc. will flow to McDougal, Jim Guy Tucker, and Stephen Smith (once Clinton's chief of staff). By January the money begins flowing to these people. Hale is later placed under indictment for fraudulently getting federal backing for Capital Management Services Inc..


Whitewater Gets Funds From SBA-Backed Loan to Start New Development; McDougal Removed as Madison Head

+ David Hale, owner of Capital-Management Seto Whitewater partner Susan McDougal, to help "clean up" some personal financial and legal problems. Capital-Management Services issued a check for $300,000 made out to "Susan H. McDougal d/b/a Master Marketing" on April 3, 1986 (Washington Times, 11-4-93).

+ Whitewater may have used $110,000 of the $300,000 loan to Susan McDougal by Capital-Management Services to purchase a new development southwest of Little Rock, known as Lorance Heights, which also failed. Despite the fact that Capital- Management Services, Inc., was supposed to lend funds only to disadvantaged businesses, the McDougals had recently filed a financial statement showing a net worth of $2.2 million (Washington Post, 11-6-93; Washington Times, 3-24-94).

+ Madison owner James McDougal was removed from Madison's affairs by Federal and state regulators for financial mismanagement (Chicago Tribune, 11-10-93).

1-3-86: Richard Smith from Stephens Securities calls McDougal. He asks again that Flowerwood Farms note be moved out of Stephens Securities.

1-13-86 Letter from Gov. Clinton to Jim McDougal providing him with a print entitled "Summer at Campobello" for his development company's use.

1-15-86 Telephone call from Governor's Office to Jim McDougal.

1-15-86: - McDougal meets with Clinton and pays $40,000 to Stephens Securities for the Flowerwood Farms note. He still owes them almost $100,000.

1-18-86 Gov. Clinton's daily schedule reflecting appointment with Jim McDougal at the Governor's Mansion.

1-28-86 Telephone call from Governor's Office to Jim McDougal.

1-30-86 Rose Law Firm fee bill referencing services performed by Hillary Rodham Clinton for Madison Guaranty.

1-30-86 Memorandum from staff to Gov. Clinton about phone call with Jim McDougal regarding some complaints Jim McDougal had about the Health Department. The memorandum reads, in part, "He told me to look for the memo he gave you that had the complaints outlined and that I could find that memo in your coat pocket of the jacket you had on when he saw you.. . . . He insisted that I find that coat and I would have the memo, but if, by chance, I couldn't find it and was unable to talk to you about the problems, to call him back. I called him back on Tuesday of this week. He was out, but his secretary said that he had spoken to you that very day long . . . so she felt like the issue was resolved. I did speak to Jerry Hill at the Health Dept. and they have copious letters from McDougal and would be glad to respond to any and all of the complaints outlined in the memo that is in the coat pocket."


David Hale, a local judge ( appointed by Clinton ) and a federally sponsored tending-company operator, was asked by Clinton and McDougal to arrange a loan of $300,000 to clean up dubious loans at Madison S&L. Hale approves the loan for that amount to McDougal's wife, claiming one of her companies qualified as a disadvantaged small business ( minority owned firm.) ( Also, Hale is later indicted on charges of defrauding the Small Business Administration.)

2-3-86 Telephone call from Governor Clinton to Jim McDougal telling McDougal to be in his office in an hour.

This call was placed at 9:23 A.M. David Hale and Arkansas State Trooper L.D. Brown have stated that during the first week of February 1986, Hale encountered Gov. Clinton returning from his morning jog on the steps of the State Capitol, and that Gov. Clinton pressured Hale to make a loan during that encounter, asking if he was going to "help him and Jim out."

2-3-86 Letter from Security Bank to Bill Clinton enclosing an interest statement and noting that the original notice had been sent to Jim McDougal.

2-5-86 Memorandum from staff to Gov. Clinton attaching information provided by Tom Butler (Health Department deputy director) regarding "McDougal issues."

2-20-86 McDougal, concerned about the fraud of his double pledge of the Flowerwood Farms lots, retires his note with Madison. But Bill Clinton is still concerned that Hillary's name is associated with the note at Stephens.

2-25-86 Memorandum from staff to Governor Clinton about the Health Department and Jim McDougal advising him that Tom Butler is still trying to get a handle on the McDougal memorandum and that the Health Department had alerted its people to respond to calls with caution and diplomacy. The memorandum further notes that Jim McDougal has not fulfilled written commitments he made to the Health Department in April 1984 .

2-28-86: David Hale meets with Bill Clinton at Castle Grande. Bill applies pressure for Hale to make an illegal loan to McDougal to bail out the Flowerwood Farms note at Stephens. They decide to loan money to Susan McDougal's advertising company and then divert it to other places, including Stephens Security.

3-4-86 Bill Clinton listed as a tentative "insider" in FHLBB examiner's work papers regarding Madison Guaranty. This is the effective date of the examination.

3-4-86 Gov. Clinton's daily schedule reflecting meeting at the Governor's Mansion with Jim McDougal and Tom Butler about sewage disposal problems at Maple Creek Farms.

3-4-86 Memorandum from staff to Gov. Clinton about meeting that day with Jim McDougal stating, "I have met with Health Dept. people in regard to the memo you received from McDougal.. . . Bill Teer did relate that back in 4/84 McDougal was disconcerted at being requested to sign the Memorandum of Understanding (attached). He did refer to Teer and Bruce Kirsch as incompetent bureaucrats, SOBs, and told them the memorandum was worthless and that the Governor was his good friend, etc."

3-5-86 Memorandum from staff to Gov. Clinton about March 4 meeting with Jim McDougal stating that attendees "kept silent yesterday out of respect for you, but their silence was not tacit approval of Jim's accusations. Frankly, they were taken aback at some of what he said and felt a great deal of frustration at not responding. . . . I believe they took their cue from you when you told them that Jim was your friend of 20 years who had never asked for a favor."

3-21-86 Handwritten note to Tom Butler apparently from his staff relating a conversation in which Jim McDougal said, "Don't want to act political but if we have had another Gov he'd fire Lex Dobbins - this kind of man can defeat Bill Clinton." The note further states, "Remember Jim said that Lex Dobbins wasn't going to defeat BC - he hadn't spent $60,000 on him since he was 18 to sit back & watch a crazy, psychotic person like Lex Dobbins defeat BC."

3-25-86 Health Department Deputy Director Tom Butler writes Jim McDougal apologizing for the delay in getting back with him and advising him that the transfer of all documents and responsibilities regarding Maple Creek Farms, Brittany Point and Eden Park have been completed. The letter states, "I can assure you that any future decisions and subsequent actions concerning this matter will first be discussed and approved by upper management of the Health Department."

4-1-86 David Hale gets a call from Richard Smith saying they will try to close out the Flowerwood Farms note on Wednesday.

4-3-86 Capital-Management Services, Inc. funds a $300,000 loan to "Susan McDougal dba Master Marketing," partial proceeds of which were diverted for the benefit of Whitewater Development Company, Inc.

4-3-86 - The Flowerwood Farms note at Stephens comes due. David Hale gives $300,000 to Susan McDougal's Master Marketer advertising company. Stephens Security marks the note as paid even though they have no money as of yet.

4-6-86 - McDougal gives Stephens Security a check for $111,524.21. But the cashiers check does not clear until September. Fraudulent entries as to the date the check was written are suspected.

Two additional checks from the 300K totaling $36,000 went to International Paper Realty Co for another land deal. At the same time, Gov. Clinton gives International Paper Realty Co a large tax break.

Another $42,000 went to two individuals. The remaining $110,000 is missing as are the microfilm records from Madison which would have shown where the money went.

4-16-86 Telephone call from Gov. Clinton to Jim McDougal.

4-29-86 Memorandum from Jerry Hill of the Arkansas Health Department to the Governor's Office providing a status report since the meeting with Jim McDougal which reads, in part, "Keep in mind that Mr. McDougal's agreements concerning public sewer have not been met and that the Covenants and Restrictions of Maple Creek Farms possibly contradict Act 402 of 1977."

6-23-86 Handwritten note from "Carolyn" to Mrs. Clinton confirming that she had forwarded a bill to Jim (McDougal).

6-26-86 Memorandum from staff to Gov. Clinton about Maple Creek Farms which reads, in part, "Tom Butler called and they are in the process of getting a complete report over to us on all that has been going on re Maple Creek here of late. . . . Tom feels that they have made every effort to work with the Maple Creek people. No matter who is assigned to work at these lots out there the conclusion is going to be the same - all of the soil is not suitable for septic tanks. Tom did say that they will take no action until you see the full report and he heard back from us."

1986 - OCTOBER

SBA loan diverted to Whitewater to buy 81 0 acres from International Paper.

[July, 1986 - At this point, we know that the Flowerwood Farms note has not been paid because the check won't be cashed for 2 more months. Thus, Hillary is still on the hook for the Flowerwood note (as well as the possibility that she was a willing participant in the fraudulent double pledge of the lots). The paper trail still points to Hillary. Clinton runs into Hale in Little Rock's University Plaza Mall and says "Have you heard what that fucking whore Susan has done?" Hale claimed he did not, and Clinton rushed off without explaining. Bill is agitated about the paper trail on Flowerwood as well as the possible sweetheart deal given International Paper Realty Co and the fact that both he and Hillary could be in big trouble.]

10-22-86 Letter from Carolyn Huber to Mrs. Clinton about tax issues relating to the property Mrs. Clinton owned at Whitewater Estates. The letter relays phone conversations Ms. Huber had with Susan McDougal, Jim McDougal's office, Madison Bank, and the Marion County Tax Collector.

11-14-86 Letter from Jim McDougal to the Clintons about the status of Whitewater stating, "The company to date has experienced losses totaling approximately $90,000. . . . Susan and I have in large measure contributed to the company the funds necessary to cover these losses."

12-16-86 Letter from Jim McDougal to the Clintons about buyers of Whitewater lots that have defaulted, "thereby creating a shortfall of about $1,000.00 a month for our monthly payment to Citizens Bank of Flippin."

1986 (late in the year)

Banking regulators (federal) remove McDougal as chief of Madison S&L, issuing a scathing report about faulty record keeping and the diversion of funds to friends and family.


Whitewater Records to Hillary?

+ James McDougal claimed that in late 1987, he sent all Whitewater records and files to Hillary Rodham Clinton at her request (Washington Times, 11-4-93). The Clintons said many of them have disappeared (New York Times, 3-8-92).

4-14-87 Memorandum from staff to Gov. Clinton about a visit from R.D. Randolph which reads, "Mr. Randolph dropped by to see you this morning to talk to you about the Water Bill you vetoed. He said that he talked to you on Sunday morning. He wants to know if the veto is going to stand. He would like you to call Jim Guy Tucker about it. He said that he has a difficult time getting an answer from you (He mentioned a meeting between you, Tucker and Jim McDougal a couple of years ago which involved $33,000. This was pretty cryptic). He seemed angry. Someone, I think he prefers you, needs to call Tucker."

Approximately two years from this date, on 4-4-85 , Jim McDougal hosted a fund raiser for Governor Clinton at Madison Guaranty which raised approximately $33,000.

11-28-88: Hillary Clinton sent a letter to James McDougal requesting that he sign an enclosed power-of-attorney request for Whitewater Development, including giving her the power to endorse, sign and execute "checks, notes, deeds, agreements, certificates, receipts or any other instruments in writing of all matters related to Whitewater Development Corp." The Clintons' spokesman in 1992 claimed they were only "passive shareholders" in Whitewater (Washington Times, 11-4-93).

12-7-88: Capital-Management Services, Inc., filed a complaint with the Circuit Court of Pulaski County, Arkansas, alleging default of its $300,000 loan to Susan H. McDougal. The Court judgment against Susan McDougal occurred on February 6, 1989.


Federal regulators liquidated Madison S&L at an estimated cost of $47- $60 million to taxpayers.

Madison's Failure Costs Taxpayers $47 Million; Rose Firm Hired

+ The Washington Post on November 3, 1993, reported:

"The thrift, Madison Guaranty Savings and Loan, failed in 1989, costing taxpayers an estimated $47 million. In an effort to recoup some of that money, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. hired the influential Rose law firm of Little Rock to sue the S&L's accountants, paying it $400,000 in fees and expenses.

"Through a Justice Department spokesman, (Associate Attorney General Webster) Hubbell said he told the FDIC that lawyers at his firm, including senior partner Hillary Rodham Clinton, had represented Madison in the mid-1980s.

"FDIC officials said their attorneys ice, wrote to the FDIC earlier in 1989 soliciting work for his firm.

"`The firm does not represent any savings and loan association in state or federal regulatory matters,' Foster wrote, using the present tense. Conflict- of-interest rules generally bar lawyers from representing the government in S&L cases if they have done significant work for the thrift."

+ While the Rose Law Firm was seeking the FDIC's business, FDIC attorney April Breslaw, "known for her toughness on conflict of interest, intervened on behalf" of Rose partner Webb Hubbell as he sought to represent the FDIC in a $10 million suit against Frost & Co., Madison S&L's auditors. The suit challenged the accuracy of the audit that Rose had relied upon in previously representing Madison in 1985 . Breslaw "brushed aside repeated internal challenges to Hubbell's loyalty to [the] FDIC"; she "vouched in writing for the Rose firm's performance" in another FDIC case; and she "inexplicably approved a $1 million settlement with Frost, although it had $3 million in liability" (Washington Times, 2-15-94).


Whitewater filed no income tax return in 1990, 1991, and 1992.

Clinton's gubernatorial campaign workers gave cash to black ministers to get them to encourage their congregations to vote for Clinton. (US News & World Report)

McDougal Acquitted

+ James McDougal was acquitted of charges that he illegally profited from real estate deals involving the development subsidiary of Madison Guaranty, Madison Financial Corporation.


Nearly all of Whitewater's land had been sold. Later (after 1992) tax returns files by Clinton attorney Vincent Foster show strong assets of $160,000.

Rose Settles Madison Suit for $1 Million, Keeps 40 Percent

+ The government sought $60 million in its suit against Madison Guaranty's accountants, Frost & Co. The Rose firm settled the case on the FDIC's behalf with little publicity in 1991 for $1 million (Washington Post, 11-3-93). "`I felt they [the Rose firm] had switched sides they turned around and worked the other side of the street,' said one of the accountants, who asked not to be named because he continues to have dealings with the Rose law firm" (Washington Post, 11-3-93). The Rose Firm billed the FDIC $400,87 9 , "40 percent of the money recovered in the settlement" (Washington Times, 3-5-94). In a letter to the FDIC inspector general, U. S. Rep. Jim Leach said "Mr. Hubbell settled the suit for a fraction of the firm's insurance coverage, and then had the gall to demand $400,000 in fees" (Ibid.).

1986 - 1991 - The Madison default case is swept under the rug.


Whitewater Becomes Campaign Issue;

Whitewater Documents Allegedly Destroyed;

McDougal Complains;

Clintons Sell, Named in Criminal Referral;

Tax Returns Not Filed

+ After the New York Times originally broke the Whitewater story on March 8, Clinton, on March 12, asked Denver lawyer and personal friend James Lyons to prepare a "full financial review" of the land deal.

Lyons's review, based on a report prepared by Patten, McCarthy and Associates, a Denver-based forensic accounting firm that specializes in "financial reconstruction's," was completed and made public on March 23, 1992, ed, loaned or otherwise advanced" to the development company $68,900 since the venture began in 1978. It further claimed that Whitewater had an outstanding mortgage of $10,400 plus accrued interest for which the Clintons are joint guarantors (Associated Press, 3-23-92).

However, "there is evidence aplenty that the Lyons report omitted or glossed over some pertinent facts," the Wall Street Journal reported on January 4, 1994. Three year's worth of unfilled tax returns were never mentioned. It also failed to mention an airplane-for-land swap involving Chris Wade, the real estate agent for the development, and James McDougal. Wade sold the plane to Whitewater, but McDougal took possession and sold it to Seth Ward a Madison subsidiary employee and Webster Hubbell's father-in-law.

Additionally, the Lyons report failed to report Whitewater's largest transaction an October 1986 , $550,000 purchase of land owned by International Paper Company's realty unit (IPC eventually foreclosed on the property after Whitewater didn't make payments). In 1985 , Governor Clinton had negotiated major tax concessions to keep International Paper from moving two of its plants out of Arkansas.

+ Further, Patten, McCarthy & Associates, the accounting firm which prepared the 1992 report, refused to vouch for the accuracy of its findings, according to the Wall Street Journal on January 12, 1994. In addition, the Wall Street Journal on April 1, 1994, reported that a draft analysis of Whitewater finances prepared for the Clinton presidential campaign "suggests that Bill and Hillary Clinton may have taken improper tax deductions in 1979 and 1980 ." The draft report was never made public.

+ The Washington Times reported on March 7, 1994, that three current or former Rose Law Firm attorneys "were summoned" to the Arkansas governor's mansion during the 1992 campaign by Hillary Rodham Clinton, "who personally handed over records to be shredded at the firm's downtown office." The shredding began after a 3-8-92 New York Times report on the Clintons' involvement with Whitewater, and continued through the November 3 election.

+ James McDougal made accusations about Governor Clinton in at least one tape-recorded conversation with Arkansas GOP Co-Chairman and former gubernatorial candidate Sheffield Nelson. McDougal accused Clinton of not being truthful about Whitewater losses (Newsweek, 2-7-94).

+ The Washington Post reported on November 11, 1993, that the RTC named the Clintons' business partners, the McDougals, as targets in an October 1992 referral to the Justice Department. According to a number of press reports, Bill and Hillary Clinton were also named in the referral as potential beneficiaries of a check-kiting scheme conducted by the McDougals, but there was no evidence they had any direct knowledge of the scheme.

Madison case is re-opened as part of the Whitewater investigation. US Attorney Charles Banks rushed the referral out of his office without even reading the entire case. He admits later that he did so because it was politically charged (involving the president elect and his wife) and that he did not want to make waves as he was a candidate for a federal judgeship.

David Hale uses a fraudulent maneuver to recapitalize his Capital Mgmt Services. Auditors in the Small Business Admin. begin to pry into Hale's books. The Clinton's anxiety rises as they are afraid this investigation might uncover the paper trail stemming from the $300,000 loan given to Susan McDougal.

Clinton aide George Stephanopoulos calls the SBA on several occasions, schmoozing them for their handling of matters in Arkansas and asking pointed questions about how the agency was being run. At the time, Hale's firm was the only SBIC in the state of Arkansas, so George was directly attempting to find out what the SBA had uncovered.

1992 - MARCH

To answer questions about their involvement in Whitewater, the Clintons ask friend James Lyons to audit their investment. He reports they received no return on their $69,000 investment.


The RTC notified the Justice Department that Whitewater benefited from the check-kiting scheme at Madison S&L. Justice did not pursue the case.


The Clintons sold their half-interest in Whitewater to McDougal for $1000.

1993: FBI Raids an Office;

Foster Found Dead;

U.S. Attorney Finally Recuses Self;

White House, President Given Heads Up;

Calls for Investigations Begin

1-20-93: Bill Clinton inaugurated president--celebration costs approximately $25 million. At least $154,000 worth of radios, computers, televisions, VCRs, walkie-talkies and pagers are stolen by Clinton inauguration employees and volunteers.

1/21/93: Clinton breaks his first promise: to introduce his legislative program by the day after his inauguration.

1-22-93: Clinton lifts ban on fetal tissue research.

1/22/93: Clinton abolishes the Competitiveness Council even though its regulatory reform promised to save taxpayers $20 billion annually and create 200,000 jobs.

Attorney General nominee Zoe Baird withdraws after admitting she hired illegal aliens and neglected to pay their Social Security taxes.

1-25-93: Hillary Clinton is named to run Clinton's health care reform task force, which the White House says will cost taxpayers $100,000.

1-29-93: Clinton announces his plan to fully integrate gays into all branches of the military. (See 7-19-93.)

February: The SBA are cracking down on Hale. Clinton replaces the SBA administrator with Erskine Bowles - a friend from North Carolina. Bowles keeps whitehouse chief of staff Mack McLarty informed on the Hale case. So now Bill has an insider at SBA he can use to do damage control over anything implicating him or Hillary that might come out of the Hale investigation.

2-5-93: Kimba Wood withdraws her name for nomination as attorney general after its disclosed she employed an undocumented worker as a nanny.

2-9-93: Clinton eliminates 83 percent of the staff at the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy.

2-17-93: Clinton announces budget proposal, widely recognized as a government-growth package with $359 billion in increased taxes and fees--breaking his campaign promise to lower taxes for the middle class. (See 8-5-93.)

3-9-93: In a letter to Clinton, Mochtar Riady--an Indonesian billionaire whose family owns the Indonesia-based cnonglomerate the Lippo Group and who owned a bank in Arkansas in the 1980s--proposes normalizing relations with Vietnam and maintaining China's most-favored-nation trade status; both occur during Clinton's term. (See 12-2-96.)

3-15-93: Clinton's economic stimulus package is introduced in the Senate. It includes, among other things, tax money for "midnight basketball."

4-21-93: Republicans in the Senate kill Clinton's stimulus package.

4-29-93: Clinton nominates "Quotacrat" Lani Guinier as assistant attorney general for civil rights. (See 6-3-93.)

5-18-93: Hair Force One: Clinton gets $200 haircut from Cristophe on Air Force One, shutting down two runways at Los Angeles International Airport for an hour at an estimated cost to airlines of $76,000.

5-19-93: White House fires, and asks the FBI to investigate, seven career Travel Office employees and hires Clinton's cousin, Catherine Cornelius.

5-25-93: Pay and benefits are reinstated for five of the seven fired travel office employees and they're given other government jobs. (See 11-16-95.)

6-3-93: Clinton withdraws Guinier's nomination.

6-9-93: Donna Henneman, a Justice Department employee in the Executive Office for U. S. Attorneys, placed a telephone call to L. Jean Lewis, a senior criminal investigator for the RTC in Kansas City. Henneman told Lewis that her office finally located the Madison criminal referral within the Fraud section of the Criminal Division, where the individual assigned to the referral "didn't want to deal with it." Henneman also said that the Criminal Division advised the Associate Deputy Attorney General, Doug Frazier, that there was "no identifiable basis for recusal of the U. S. Attorney in the Eastern District of Arkansas" (Congressional Record, 3-24-94, pg. H- 2009).

+ The Washington Post reported on December 19, 1993, that the Clintons "found that the company had not filed tax returns for three years. Those returns were prepared by an Arkansas accounting firm under the direction of the late Vincent Foster. . ." and filed in June 1993.

7-19-93: Clinton announces "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy regarding gays in the military.

7-20-93: A Federal Magistrate in Little Rock, Arkansas, authorized a search warrant for the business offices of David Hale, owner of Capital-Management Investment Corp. Hours later, Vincent Foster, Jr., left his office and was reported to have committed suicide at Fort Marcy, Virginia, on National Park Service property.

White House telephone logs show that in the hours before his death, Foster received calls from a former colleague in the Rose law firm and from Denver lawyer James Lyons, who had prepared the Whitewater review for the campaign in 1992. Lyons called Foster about two hours before the deputy counsel left his office for the last time (Washington Post, 1-13-94), but Lyons claims that they did not connect.

Just before Foster's "suicide," Lyons talked with him on the phone several times. After Foster's death, Bernard Nussbaum removes Whitewater's files from Foster's sealed office. An extended timeline of the events surrounding Foster's death is also available.

7-20-93: Just hours after Vince Foster left the whitehouse for the last time, Clinton unleashes the FBI on Hale's office. The search warrant specified files on Susan McDougal's Master Marketing loan as one of its targets.

7-20-93: COPS--Secret Service Officer with 17 years of experience witnessed Hillary 1Clinton's chief of staff, Maggie Williams, carry a stack of file folders from the White House General Counsel suite, in which lay Vince Foster's office, to Ms. Williams's personal office. He witnessed Ms. Williams lean the stack against a cabinet while she opens the door. He witnessed Ms. Williams carry the files into office, reemerge without the files, and lock her door.

CRONIES--Margaret Williams says she "viewed, inspected or removed" nothing from Vince Foster's office on July 20, 1993. She acknowledges Officer O'Neill's presence. Therefore, according to Ms. Williams, Officer O'Neill hallucinated or committed perjury.

8-5-93 through 8-6-93: Without a single Republican vote, House and Senate Democrats pass Clinton's budget proposal for the largest tax increase in history.

8-9-93: The administration announces its plan to raise grazing fees 130 percent. (See 5-31-95.)

8-10-93: Clinton signs largest tax increase in history, raising taxes $280 billion over five years. (See 10-17-95.)

9-17-93: Clinton's Justice Department files a brief with the Supreme Court advocating a more difficult standard to convict pedophiles of child pornography. (See 11-4-93.)

White House, President, Get Advance Notice of RTC Referral

+ In a September 29, 1993, conversation, Treasury General Counsel Jean Hanson told White House Counsel Bernard Nussbaum "that a (RTC) document recommending a criminal investigation of Madison Guaranty would name the Clintons as possible beneficiaries of illegal actions by the thrift" (New York Times, 3-4-94).

1993 - OCTOBER

In a second referral, the RTC asked the Justice Department to begin a probe of Madison S&L and Whitewater. (The Clinton's are listed as "beneficiaries" of McDougal's largesse.)

10-3-93: Eighteen U.S. soldiers killed and 78 wounded in an attack in Somalia after Clinton's Defense Department denies request to send armored vehicles and Blackhawk helicopters for backup. (See 12-15-93.)

10-5-93: Clinton proposes changes in Medicare and Medicaid: "Today, Medicaid and Medicare are going up three times the rate of inflation. We propose to let it go up at two times the rate of inflation. This is not a Medicaid or Medicare cut...So when you hear all this business about cuts, let me caution you that that is not what is going on." (See 9-15-95.)

+ On October 8, 1993, nine days after the Hanson-Nussbaum conversation, the RTC issued a criminal referral to the Department of Justice concerning a possible check-kiting scheme involving Whitewater and Madison Guaranty, in which the Clintons were named as possible beneficiaries of the scheme. "That would mean that Mr. Nussbaum took part in discussing a criminal referral involving the Clintons while it was still being evaluated by the House aide Bruce Lindsey. "I don't remember when I knew about it or who told me about it, but it was just sort of presented as a fact, a decision that had been made by the government. And I didn't think much about it at the time," Clinton said (Washington Post, 3-8-94).

11-4-93: The Senate passes, 100 -- 0, an amendment criticizing the Clinton administration's proposed liberalization of child pornography laws.

November 5, 1993 - 7 Lawyers meet to discuss damage control. They focus on David Hale and the RTC investigation into S&L funds being siphoned into Gov. Clinton's coffers. Some of the cryptic notes read "RTC - people trying to get BC [Bill Clinton] and JGT [Jim Guy Tucker]", "Vacuum Rose Law Files WWDC [Whitewater Development Co] Docs". It seems clear that Clinton was concerned about the RTC investigation and what it might uncover AS WELL AS the docs removed from Vince Fosters office the night he died.

+ 11-5-93: U. S. Rep. John La Falce (D-NY), Chairman of the House Small Business Committee, asked the SBA for a report "on the activities of Capital-Management Services, Inc.," by November 15 (Washington Times, 11-6-93).

+ 11-7-93: The Los Angeles Times reports that U.S. Senator Lauch Faircloth requested the appointment of an independent counsel to investigate the Whitewater matter in a letter to Attorney General Janet Reno.

+ 11-9-93: - Pressure from Clinton gets RTC's Jean Lewis off of the case. She was leading the Madison investigation.

+11-9-93: The Associated Press reported that U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Arkansas, Paula Casey, recused herself and her aides from the matter "because of their familiarity with some of the parties and the need to ensure that there be no misperceptions about the impartiality of the investigation." Casey has a long history of involvement with Clinton, including volunteering in his gubernatorial bids.

But on November 11, the Washington Post reported that "two weeks ago, U.S. Attorney Paula Casey told the RTC in a letter that her office `concurs' with the earlier Justice Department conclusion that there was `insufficient information' in the first referral to warrant a law enforcement probe.. ."

The Department of Justice Manual specifically requires recusal if "a U.S. attorney has a personal interest in the outcome of the matter or because he/she has or had a professional relationship with parties or counsel, or for other good cause. . ." (Section 1-3.170, 1993-1 Supplement).

+ Also on November 9, House Republican members of the Banking Committee, led by Rep. Jim Leach (R-IA), requested a Banking Committee investigation of Whitewater (Washington Times, 11-10-93).

+ 11-10-93: L. Jean Lewis, senior criminal investigator for the RTC's Kansas City office, was notified that she was to be replaced as lead investigator on irregularities at Madison. "The Powers That Be have decided that I'm better off out of the line of fire. . ." she said in an electronic mail message to a colleague (Congressional Record, 3-24-94, pg. H-2011).

11-16-93: Associate whitehouse counsel, Neil Eggleston gets a copy of the SBA investigation of David Hale from SBA General Counsel John Spotilla - a man appointed to the position based on a recommendation of Hillary Clinton. The Justice Dept. goes ballistic when they learn of this. Eggleston returns the file after making a photocopy. During testimony in late November, long-time Clinton aide Bruce Lindsey admitted to initiating this errand in order to see if the Clinton's were mentioned in the file.

Everything about the above events suggests that the whitehouse was on a search and destroy mission in the attempt to control the docs from Vince Fosters office, the SBA, and the RTC in response to Jean Lewis' criminal referrals. The significance of Hillary's personal guarantee on the Flowerwood Farms note is clear: it directly ties Hillary into a shady loan and thereby supports the inference that she was a willing player in a garden variety bank fraud.

It is ironic that the attempts at concealment (shredding of records at Rose Law, public denunciations of cooperating witnesses, memory lapses etc) make it possible to prosecute the entire chain of events (whose statute would have already run out). Principals of federal law applying to conspiracy and conspiracy to conceal crime make a statute defense null and void. The original scheme - misuse of Flowerwood mortgage money, use of Susan McDougal as a front for Bill on the Hale loan, falsification of books at a federally insured institution etc. encompass Hillary, her staff, the whitehouse counsel's office, and Bill Clinton himself.

12-8-93: Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders suggests studying the legalization of drugs. (See 12-9-94.)

12-15-93: Defense Secretary Les Aspin resigns after the fatal decision to deny tank and helicopter support to troops in Somalia.


The White House requested the FBI background file on Billy Dale, a Bush administration holdover whom the Clinton administration fired as travel office director. The White House requests the files weeks after Dale is fired.

The Clinton administration tried to have Dale sent to prison, but a jury found Dale not guilty in less than 90 minutes. The Republicans have been trying to get the government to compensate Dale (the Clinton's have financially ruined the man), but Democrats stand in the way. Dale says Clinton has not apologized to him. Marlin Fitzwater, former Bush press secretary, says, "The scary part is the vindictiveness of this administration. They could have fired the travel office people for political reasons but they chose to make criminals out of all of them."

+ On December 21, White House spokesman Mark Gearan revealed that two White House aides, Hillary Clinton's chief of staff, Maggie Williams, and Special Assistant Patsy Thomasson (who has an extensive background in Arkansas politics) entered Foster's office shortly after his July 20 suicide, but claimed that no files were taken. However, later, the White House said a file dealing with the Travel Office had been removed. (Wall Street Journal, 12-21-93).

+ Numerous media reports also raised questions about the handling of Foster's files by White House Counsel Bernard Nussbaum, including his refusal to permit the FBI and U. S. Park Police to examine key Foster documents.

+ On December 23, 1993, Senators Dole and D'Amato wrote Banking Committee Chairman Riegle asking for an investigation, which the chairman later refused to grant.

+ Also on December 23, President Clinton voluntarily agreed to turn over Whitewater records to the Justice Department (Hotline, January 4, 1994). On the same day, President Clinton's personal lawyer, David Kendall, asked the Justice Department to subpoena Whitewater documents in "a move that probably prevents their release under the Freedom of Information Act" (Wall Street Journal, 1-6-94).

Fall 1993 to January 1994

The White House requests and receives over 300 files on former White House employees.

January 1994: Clinton Relents; Special Counsel Appointed; Senate Republicans Press for Banking Committee Hearings

1-2-94: White House senior advisor, George Stephanopoulos, stated that all subpoenaed Whitewater documents have been turned over the Justice Department (ABC's This Week with David Brinkley, 1-2-94).

1-3-94: White House press secretary Dee Dee Meyers contradicted the previous day's pronouncement by Senior Advisor George Stephanopoulos, stating it will take "a couple of weeks" for the White House to turn over the President's Whitewater papers to the Justice Department (New York Post, 1-4-94).

1-6-94: Billy Dale file is placed in a vault in the office of personal security, supervised by former Rose Law Firm lawyer, William Kennedy.

1-12-94: Clinton agrees to bipartisan demands for a Whitewater special counsel.

1-12-94: After intense media coverage of Whitewater, Madison, and the Clintons' refusal to either publicly release records or ask for a special counsel, they gave in: White House Counsel Bernard Nussbaum formally requested the appointment of a special counsel. Attorney General Janet Reno agreed, "reluctantly."

1-18-94: The President and Mrs. Clinton's Whitewater documents begin to arrive at the Justice Department.

1-20-94: On the first anniversary of Clinton's inauguration, Reno appointed former New York U.S. Attorney Robert Fiske (1976-1980 ) as special counsel with broad authority to investigate the Clinton's involvement in Whitewater. He began work on January 24.

1-25-94: Clinton vows to veto anything less than universal health care coverage.

1-30-94: Senate Republicans on the Banking Committee formally requested a special meeting of the panel to pursue hearings or an investigation into Whitewater (AP/Philadelphia Inquirer, 1-30-94). Chairman Don Riegle (D-MI) rejected the request (Hotline, 2-1-94).

The Wall Street Journal filed suit in U. S. District Court (New York City) to "force the release of reports on White House lawyer Vincent Foster's death" (Wall Street Journal, 1-31-94).

February 1994: Senate, House Democratic Leaders Reject Hearings; White House, RTC Officials Meet on Whitewater; New Grand Jury Impaneled; Rose Firm Cleared

2-1-94: Ricki Tigert, nominee to chair the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., (FDIC), and close friend of First Lady Hillary Clinton, appeared before the Senate Banking Committee and refused to recuse herself on Whitewater/Madison matters (Wall Street Journal, 2-2-94). But on February 8, in Madison Guaranty S&L (Wall Street Journal, 2-9-94).

2-2-94: Deputy Treasury Secretary Roger Altman arranged a private meeting at the White House for counsel Bernard Nussbaum and others to talk about the then-approaching deadline for a civil suit against the Clintons (New York Newsday, 2/25). Altman later said the meeting was "a piece of awful judgment."

+ According to notes kept by RTC investigator L. Jean Lewis, FDIC attorney April Breslaw visited her in Lewis's Kansas City office from 3:50 p.m. until about 4:35 p.m. February 2, 1994. Breslaw said that "the people at the top" keep getting asked about Whitewater, and that the "head people" would like to be able to say that Whitewater did not cause a loss to Madison. "I stated that if she wanted me to tell her, unequivocally, that Whitewater didn't cause a loss, I could not do that. I could only reiterate the allegations contained in the referral, which are based on fact, and that it is my opinion and belief that Whitewater did, in fact, cause a loss to Madison. . ." (Congressional Record, 3-24-94, pg. H-2006).

2-8-94: Congressional Budget Office (CBO) says the Clintons' health plan would increase the deficit by $74 billion, not decrease it by $59 billion as the Clintons had promised. (See 8-10-94.)

+ The Washington Times (2-9-94) reported that on February 3, the Rose Law Firm, which at one time represented Madison before Arkansas state regulators and later prosecuted Madison for the FDIC, shredded documents related to Whitewater. Rose officials deny the shredding occurred (USA Today, 2-10-94). Special Counsel Robert Fiske said he will investigate (Washington Post, 2-10-94).

2-9-94: The Senate voted 95-0 to extend to 12-31-95 (or until the date of termination of the RTC) the deadline for civil fraud actions against failed Savings and Loans. (Record Vote No. 36, Congressional Record, 2-9-94, pg. S-1253)

2-10-94: U. S. Rep. Jan Meyers (R-KS) introduced a House Resolution requesting that Clinton answer "whether he or any White House official contacted the Small Business Administration about Capital- Management Services or its owner, David Hale (H. Res. 360, 103d Congress).

2-13-94: The House voted 356-52 to reauthorize the Independent Counsel Act.

2-15-94: Special Counsel Fiske asked U. S. District Judge Stephen Reasoner in Little Rock to convene an additional federal grand jury for an 18-month term. The grand jury would look solely into the Whitewater case (Arkansas Democrat- Gazette, 2-16-94). Reasoner ordered the grand jury impaneled the next day (Arkansas Democrat- Gazette, 2-17-94).

2-17-94: The Washington Post reported that a parking meter manufacturer, POM Inc., owned by Webb Hubbell's father-in-law, Seth Ward, was also being targeted by investigators. POM was a Madison borrower, and Hillary Clinton did work for the company as well.

+ The FDIC "found no evidence that the Rose Law Firm. . .violated conflict of interest rules in its dealings with Madison Guaranty" and "would not seek legal sanctions. (Washington Post, 2-18-94). But the FDIC report acknowledged "that a shortage of documents made a complete investigation impossible" (Washington Times, 2-18). Additionally, the Wall Street Journal reported that "many of the findings in the report are based in part on Mr. Hubbell's recollections."

2-24-94: Deputy Treasury Secretary Altman's February 2nd White House briefing on Whitewater was revealed in a Senate Banking Committee oversight hearing on the Resolution Trust

2-25-94: Altman removed himself from further official involvement in the government's Whitewater real estate probe (Los Angeles Times, 2-26-94).

Also on February 25, Acting FDIC Chair Andrew Hove ordered agency investigators to "reopen" their probes of two cases involving the Rose Law Firm one on Rose's representation of Madison Guaranty S&L and another regarding Dan Lasater (Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, 2-26-94).

+ In late February, White House officials George Stephanopoulos and Harold Ickes talked to Deputy Treasury Secretary Roger Altman, expressing outrage over the RTC's hiring of former Bush Administration U. S. Attorney Jay Stephens to handle possible civil suits related to Madison Guaranty (Washington Post, 3-26-94).

2-28-94: Republican Leader Robert Dole called for full Congressional hearings into the Whitewater affair following Altman's revelations about the meeting between White House and Treasury officials (Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, 3-1-94).


Nussbaum, Hubbell Resign; 11 Administration Officials Get Subpoenas; President Holds Press Conferences; House, Senate Vote for Hearings; Key Figure Gets Immunity

+ The Associated Press and the Washington Post reported that Special Counsel Fiske has decided to re-examine the conclusion that Vince Foster committed suicide (3-3-94).

+ Senator D'Amato revealed on March 3 that 43 GOP senators "have pledged to hold up" Ricki Tigert's nomination to head the FDIC until the Senate Banking Committee holds hearings on the White House-Treasury briefings (Washington Post, 3-4-94).

3-4-94: Ten White House and Treasury officials were subpoenaed for documents and testimony: White House aides Bernard Nussbaum, Mark Gearan, Harold Ickes, Margaret Williams, Lisa Caputo and Bruce Lindsey; and Treasury aides Roger Altman, Jean Hanson, Josh Steiner and Jack DeVore (Boston Globe, Washington Post, 3-5-94).

3-5-94: Criticized for interfering in the Whitewater investigation, White House Counsel Bernie Nussbaum resigns. Nussbaum's resignation is accepted by President Clinton (Baltimore Sun, 3-6-94).

"I did not do anything wrong. There is nothing here. I made an investment and I lost money, like a lot of other Americans. And that's all there is." Bill Clinton White House Press Conference March 8, 1994

3-6-94: White House Chief of Staff Mack McLarty admits on CNN's "Late Edition" that he knew about the February 2nd meeting between Treasury and White House aides over the RTC criminal referral. "I think it was arranged through my office. I did he had been told about a request by Federal regulators for a criminal investigation into" Madison Guaranty S&L (New York Times, 3-8-94).

Sources said that White House advisor Bruce Lindsey "may have told the Clintons about the issue" in October 1993 after press inquiries began (Washington Post, 3-8-94).

3-8-94: White House and Treasury file searches "produced evidence of numerous additional contacts of an unspecified nature between officials" relating to Madison S&L (Washington Post, 3-9-94).

3-9-94: Senators Al D'Amato and William Cohen met with Special Counsel Fiske over the matter of Senate hearings on Whitewater after Fiske sent D'Amato a letter raising objections to public hearings that might threaten his investigation (Hotline, 3-9-94).

U. S. Senator Bob Graham (D-FL), chairman of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee, in an interview with Knight-Ridder editors and reporters, called for Hillary Clinton "to come forward and answer questions about her involvement in the Whitewater controversy. . .If she were another person unrelated to the president, who had served in the same positions, business, legal representation, she would be a legitimate figure for questioning. . . She needs to be part of this openness" (Hotline, 3-10-94).

Eighty-one House Republican Members asked the Office of Government Ethics to investigate Mrs. Clinton's holdings in an investment partnership that "sold short several health-care stocks early last year" (Wall Street Journal, 3-10-94).

U. S. Senator Don Nickles suggested Deputy Treasury Secretary Altman resign: "If there was someone who was acting improperly, its him: Why isn't he gone?" (Washington Post, 3-9-94)

3-10-94: Three White House staffers took the witness stand before the Whitewater grand jury: Mark Gearan, Margaret Williams and Lisa Caputo (New York Newsday, 3-11-94). Also, Deputy White House Counsel Joel Klein delivers White House documents subpoenaed by Special Counsel Fiske (Ibid., Washington Post, 3-11-94).

Senate Republican Leader Robert Dole said Altman should step down from his post at Treasury, and that Webb Hubbell should do the same at Justice until Whitewater is settled ("Imus in the Morning," WABC, 3-10-94).

3-11-94: The Chicago Tribune reported that Special Counsel Fiske has subpoenaed records from another failed real estate deal financed by Whitewater: Lorance Heights. Whitewater funds used to purchase Lorance Heights, southwest of Little Rock, may have come from the questionable $300,000 SBA-backed loan to Susan McDougal from Capital-Management Services, Inc., the loan David Hale has alleged was structured with help and pressure from Bill Clinton (Washington Times, 3-24-94).

3-14-94: Under investigation for overbilling clients, mail fraud and tax evasion, Associate Attorney General Webster Hubbell resigns. (See 12-6-94.)

3-14-94: Associate Attorney General Webb Hubbell resigned over a dispute with his former employer, the Rose Law Firm.

Clintons' tax returns from 1980 -92 revealed that the First Couple may owe up to $45,411 in back taxes, interest and penalties (New York Post, 3-3-16). On March 17, CNN's Wolf Blitzer quoted sources as saying that the Clintons' attorney, David Kendell, has concluded the Clintons owe back taxes, interest and possibly even penalties regarding Whitewater.

"We made a bad investment, we lost money and that's really all there is to it." Hillary Rodham Clinton Los Angeles Times, March 15, 1994

3-17-94: White House senior advisor George Stephanopoulos was subpoenaed by Special Counsel Fiske (New York Times, 3-18). Nussbaum and Ickes testified before the grand jury.

Also, the Wall Street Journal reported that several Arkansas investors, including a group once headed by White House Office of Administration Director Patsy Thomasson, are being investigated by the Securities and Exchange Commission in connection with possible insider trading (3-18-94).

The U. S. Senate voted 98-0 to approve a Senate investigation of the Whitewater affair. Senate Leaders George Mitchell and Robert Dole will determine the timetable for hearings (Record Vote No. 62, Congressional Record, 3-17-94, pg. S-3178).

3-18-94: Press questions Hillary Clinton's $100,000 profit in cattle futures.

3-18-94: Deputy Treasury Secretary Roger Altman admits to another contact with the White House concerning Whitewater -- a meeting with Deputy White House Chief of Staff Harold Ickes to discuss Altman's possible removal from all matters involving Whitewater (Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, 3-19-94).

3-20-94: Former-Little Rock Municipal Judge and Capital- Management Services, Inc., owner David Hale reached a plea agreement with Special Counsel Fiske (Washington Times, 3-21-94). Hale entered the plea in U. S. District Court on March 22.

3-21-94: House Banking Committee Chairman Henry Gonzalez abruptly called off an RTC oversight hearing scheduled for March 24 "to blunt what he saw as a GOP move to turn it into an indictment" of President Clinton (Knight-Ridder, 3-22-94). He also called for an investigation of the Whitewater affair by the House.

3-22-94: The Senate Banking Committee released a third letter from Deputy Treasury Secretary Altman disclosing additional discussions he held with White House officials about the RTC's criminal referral of Whitewater (Wall Street Journal, 3-23-94).

The House voted 48-15 for a resolution identical to the one adopted by the Senate committing Democratic leaders to hold "good faith" talks with the GOP on when and under what circumstances Whitewater hearings might be held (Dallas Morning News, 3-23-94).

3-24-94: New Charges, New Revelations

U. S. Rep. Jim Leach, ranking Republican member of the House Banking Committee, addressed the House on a point of personal privilege to issue four specific allegations, with supporting materials:

1) Whitewater was used to skim federally-insured deposits from Madison.

2) the Clintons profited from Whitewater;

3) the Federal government's regulatory system "has been flagrantly violated";

4) White House and Democratic congressional leaders are using "closed society techniques" to resist a full airing of the issue (USA Today, 3-25-94; Congressional Record, 3-24-94, pp. H- 1999-2020).

President Clinton held a nationally-televised news conference, dominated by questions concerning Whitewater. Clinton revised his previous assertion that his Whitewater losses were $68,000, now calling it a loss of approximately $47,000. Additionally, the President announced that he would release on March 25th the couple's tax returns for the years 1978-1979 (Los Angeles Times, 3-25-94). Money Magazine shortly thereafter revised their estimate of taxes, interest and penalties owed by the Clintons to $99,85 8 (Money Magazine news release, 3-30-94).

3-26-94: White House Staff Secretary John Podesta is subpoenaed by Special Counsel Fiske to testify before the Whitewater grand jury (Los Angeles Times, 3-27-94).

3-31-94: Josh Steiner, Chief of Staff to Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen, testified before the Whitewater grand jury. He reportedly kept a diary which listed contacts between Treasury officials and the White House (Arkansas Democrat- Gazette, 3-31-94).

The RTC also refused a request by U. S. Rep. Jim Leach for access to all Whitewater-Madison records (Washington Times, 4-1-94).

APRIL 1994: Arkansas Senators Complain of Madison Exec's Treatment; RTC Releases Madison Records

+ The Washington Post revealed on April 1 that Arkansas U.S. Senators David Pryor and Dale Bumpers last year wrote to top Clinton Administration officials to "complain" about the government's treatment of Seth Ward, a Madison executive and father-in-law of Webb Hubbell. Senator Bumpers' letters went to White House Chief of Staff Mack McLarty, Deputy Treasury Secretary Roger Altman, and the White House Counsel's office. Senator Pryor wrote to Altman and Treasury Chief of Staff Josh Steiner.

4-4-94: The RTC released more than 8,000 pages of documents from Madison Guaranty, under FOIA requests. "The newly released documents leave unanswered the Whitewater records public as soon as he got them (Washington Times, 4-7-94).

4-7-94: White House Staff Secretary John Podesta appeared before the Whitewater grand jury ("Inside Politics," CNN, 4-7-94).

4-8-94: James McDougal offers 2,000 pages of Whitewater corporate records sent by the President and Mrs. Clinton's attorney to major news organizations at a price: $4,000, $2 per page, to help defray his legal expenses. Several major news organizations, including the Washington Post, declined (AP Worldstream, 4-7-94; Charles Osgood, CBS Radio News, 4-8-94). McDougal later lowered the price to 50 cents a page (Arkansas Democrat- Gazette, 4-10-94).

Hillary's Cattle Futures

4-11-94: The Clintons' personal attorney, David Kendall, said his clients paid $14,615 in federal and state (Arkansas) back taxes and interest on an overlooked capital gain in one of Hillary Rodham Clinton's commodity trading accounts (Knight- Ridder/Philadelphia Inquirer, 4-12-94).

4-12-94: The Philadelphia Inquirer reported that the Clintons' just-released tax records for 1978-1979 contradict earlier suggestions by the President that his wife quit the commodities market "because she had gotten jittery about trading while pregnant with Chelsea. The new records show she traded until May 1980 ; Chelsea was born in February, 1980 ." The President's previous statement at a town meeting that Hillary got out after receiving a margin call while pregnant is declared "no longer operative" (Washington Post, 4-12-94).

4-11-94: The Clintons pay $14,615 owed in back taxes.

4-13-94: The Los Angeles Times reports that Hillary Rodham Clinton "took tax deductions from the money-losing Whitewater real estate venture to reduce her personal tax liability on the extraordinary profits she earned from commodities trading in the late 1970s," according to the Clintons' Whitewater partner, James McDougal. McDougal's statements and documentation "offered the first evidence of a connection between Mrs. Clinton's commodity trading and the Clintons' investments in the Whitewater venture."

4-22-94: On the day former President Nixon died, following a stroke suffered earlier in the week, Hillary Rodham Clinton held a White House press conference to answer questions about Whitewater and her commodities trading. U. S. Senator Alfonse D'Amato, speaking immediately following the event, said the press conference "raised even more questions" than it answered (Hotline, 4-25-94).

MAY '94

COPS--FBI Agents Adams and Margolis--one the FBI's ethics chief, the other the agencies most experience criminal investigator--went to the White House to assist the Park Police in a search of Vince Foster's office and files. In a meeting with White House Counsel Bernie Nussbaum, close friend of Hillary Clinton, Nussbaum told the agents that White House people were too upset and fatigued to conduct the search that day. Nussbaum reached an agreement with the agents to review each of Mr. Foster's files with the FBI. Agent Adams testified later that the agreement was for him, Margolis, and Nussbaum to read each file until it became clear whether the document was pertinent to the suicide investigation. When Nussbaum's assistant Neuwirth restated the agreement incorrectly, he was corrected by Adams, Margolis, and Nussbaum.

CRONIES--Nussbaum, in sworn depositions, has stated that no agreement of any kind was discussed or reached between him and the FBI agents. Again, the FBI agents, two of the best, including one who is the FBI's foremost ethics expert, must be lying, according to Nussbaum.

5-2-94: President Clinton "is adding Robert Bennett, the noted criminal lawyer, to his legal team to fight a threatened sexual-harassment suit and help defend against Whitewater charges" (Wall Street Journal, 5-3-94).

5-5-94: Special Counsel Robert Fiske subpoenaed the White House for "virtually all documents relating to Vincent Foster" (USA Today, 5-6-94).

5-6-94: Paula Jones files $700,000 sexual harassment lawsuit against Clinton.

COPS--Adams and Margolis returned to the White House at 10:00 a.m. to conduct the search. Upon arriving at Nussbaum's office, Nussbaum said, "This is the way we're going to do it," and proceeded to tell the agents the new ground rules. Under Nussbaum's new system, Nussbaum and two other attorneys from the White House Counsel's office would review the documents and determine, not pertinence to the case, but whether the files are "personal," "attorney-client privilege" material, or "executive privilege" material. In other words, no matter what the files contained, the FBI agents would not be permitted to see anything. Agent Margolis strongly objected to Nussbaum's change of mind. Agent Margolis warned Nussbaum that not permitting anyone but friends of Clinton to see the documents was "a big mistake." Nussbaum said he would think about letting Margolis and Adams see the files.

Two and a half hours later, Nussbaum called Margolis and Adams to inform them that he, Nussbaum, alone would determine the relevancy of the documents. He told them simply that they could not look at anything in Vince Foster's office. Agent Margolis, irritated at Nussbaum's secrecy and his failure to keep his word, told Nussbaum, "If this is the way its going to go, I might as well be back at my office. You can mail me the results."

Nonetheless, Nussbaum alone looked at Foster's files and solely determined their pertinence. The FBI, and, therefore, the public, had nothing but Nussbaum's word as to whether those files contained information that may link the Clintons to illegal activities in the Whitewater dealings. And Nussbaum had already shown that his word was worth less than a wooden nickel by his failure to abide by his agreement with the FBI made the previous day.

FBI Agent Margolis ends the session by informing Nussbaum that if this were Xerox or IBM instead of the White House, "I'd have a grand jury subpoena on this place in half an hour."

CRONIES--Nussbaum, again, maintains that the FBI ethics chief is either a liar or an idiot. If the ethics chief is lying, he risks losing his job and his pension after more than 20 years of service to the Bureau. If Nussbaum is lying, he's covering up facts embarrassing to the Clintons. Possibly criminal facts.

In addition to the testimony in the hearings, we now know that the Rose Law Firm violated conflict of interest rules in handling government cases against savings and loans. We know that Hillary Clinton spoke to more people more often about the Foster files than she had previously disclosed..

Moreover, we know that Clinton ruled in favor of his Whitewater partner James McDougal after Arkansas regulators had ruled against him. Of course, Clinton's action came only after McDougal hosted a huge fund-raiser for Clinton's reelection campaign. And, perhaps most damaging to Clinton, we know that Clinton's campaign benefited from illegal loans

What was in the files that Maggie Williams claims never to have touched? How did Clinton reward his friends as governor of Arkansas? Did Clinton break the law by interceding on behalf of Madison Guaranty Trust Corp.?

The answers depend on whose lying--the cops who have nothing to gain, or Clinton's myrmidons who have everything to lose.


8-5-94: Clinton's pollster advises Democrat candidates to distance themselves from Clinton.

8-9-94: Attorney General (AG) Janet Reno asks for an independent counsel to investigate Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy for accepting gifts from companies regulated by his department. (See 10-3-94.)

8-10-94: CBO reports Clinton health care plan would cost more than $1 trillion in its first eight years.

8-17-94: Amid charges of lying to Congress in his testimony concerning Whitewater/Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC) investigation, Deputy Treasury Secretary Roger Altman resigns.

8-18-94: Amid charges she briefed the White House on Whitewater/RTC investigation, Treasury Counsel Jean Hanson resigns.


9-22-94: Justice Department says its investigating whether Housing and Urban Development Secretary Henry Cisneros lied to the FBI about payments he made to his former mistress. (See 3-13-95.)


10-3-94: Agriculture Secretary Mike Espy resigns.

11-8-94: Tidal Wave: GOP gains 52 seats in the House and eight in the Senate, winning control of Congress for the first time since 1954. GOP picks up 11 governorships and 19 new majorities in state legislative chambers. Not one incumbent GOP governor, senator or representative loses.

11-9-94: Alabama Sen. Richard Shelby switches to the Republican Party.

11-21-94: Kennedy resigns over other matters.

12-1-94: White House says all FBI background files were moved on this date to White House archives.

12-6-94: Former Associate Attorney General Hubbell pleads guilty to mail fraud and tax evasion. (He's later sentenced to 21 months in prison.)

12-9-94: Surgeon General Elders resigns after suggesting schoolchildren should be taught how to masturbate.

1-11-96: House Government Reform and Oversight Committee subpoenas all records relating to Billy Dale in its investigation of the White House Travel Office.

White House says such records are protected by privacy rights. House panel renews subpoena.

2-6-95: Clinton submits FY '96 budget, containing around $200 billion in deficits for each of the next three years. (See 5-19-95.)

3-3-95: Colorado Sen. Ben Nighthorse Campbell switches to the Republican Party.

3-13-95: AG Reno concludes HUD Secretary Cisneros made yearly payments to his mistress of between $42,000 and $60,000--contradicting Cisneros' claim to the FBI that his yearly payments totaled no more than $10,000. (See 5-24-95.)

4-3-95: The Medicare Board of Trustees, which includes three members of Clinton's Cabinet, says Medicare will go bankrupt in seven years.

4-10-95: Georgia Rep. Nathan Deal switches to the Republican Party.

5-17-95: AG Reno appoints an independent counsel to investigate Commerce Secretary Ron Brown on charges of violating tax and financial disclosure laws and taking bribes.

5-19-95: Clinton's first budget is defeated in the Senate, 99-0.

5-21-95: White House retrieves Billy Dale's FBI files from archives.

5-22-95: After the Clinton administration intervened against term limits, the Supreme Court, in a 5-4 decision, invalidates term limits passed by 23 states. The two Clinton-appointed justices cast the deciding votes.

5-23-95: Clinton announces: "From the beginning of my campaign for president, I said that the one thing I did not think we should do is to send American troops into combat into Bosnia." (See 9-15-95.)

5-24-95: AG Reno appoints an independent counsel to investigate HUD Secretary Cisneros.

5-31-95: Clinton admits he made a "mistake" in proposing to raise grazing fees 130 percent.

6-16-95: The CBO reports Clinton's 10-year "balanced budget plan" would leave a $209 billion deficit in 2005. (See 10-24-95.)

6-26-95: Texas Rep. Greg Laughlin switches to the Republican Party.

8-7-95: Louisiana Rep. Billy Tauzin switches to the Republican Party.

8-17-95: Clinton's partner in the Whitewater venture, Jim McDougal, is indicted on 19 counts of conspiracy, mail fraud, making false statements and false bank reports, and misapplying funds; Susan McDougal is indicted on eight counts of conspiracy, wire fraud, mail fraud and making false statements; and Arkansas Gov. Jim Guy Tucker is indicted on 11 new counts of conspiracy, wire fraud, making false statements and misapplying funds. (See 2-6-96.)

9-15-95: By allowing Medicare spending to grow at more than two times the rate of inflation, Clinton claims the Republican plan to save Medicare "includes a...Medicare cut...It would dismantle Medicare as we know it." (See 10-5-93.)

Secretary of Defense William Perry announces U.S. combat forces will be sent to Bosnia.

10-13-95: Clinton meets with James Riady of the Lippo Group, who is Mochtar's son, and John Huang, a deputy assistant secretary of Commerce who worked for the Lippo Group before joining the Commerce Department. Riady discusses U.S. trade policy toward China, where the Lippo Group has a major financial stake, and John Huang asks to be transferred from the Commerce Department to the fundraising arm of the DNC. (See 9-9-96.)

10-17-95: Clinton admits: "It might surprise you to know that I think I raised them [taxes] too much, too."

10-24-95: Clinton's second budget is defeated in the Senate, 96-0.

10-26-95: House Republicans pass the Balanced Budget Act of 1995.

10-28-95: Senate Republicans pass the Balanced Budget Act of 1995.

11-9-95: The Government Accounting Office (GAO) releases a report showing the Clinton administration spent $13.4 million of taxpayers' money preparing its doomed health care initiative, and another $433,966 defending itself against a lawsuit that challenged the secrecy in which the initiative was assembled.

11-10-95: Mississippi Rep. Mike Parker switches to the Republican Party.

11-13-95: Clinton closes the government to avoid agreeing to a balanced budget.

11-16-95: After a Kafkaesque 30-month investigation, Billy Dale, the former Travel Office director whom the White House accused of taking kickbacks, is acquitted. (See 8-1-96.)

11-19-95: Clinton finally says he agrees to a seven-year balanced budget using the most recent CBO numbers, re-opening the government.

11-28-95: Clinton press secretary Mike McCurry indicates the administration won't seriously try to balance the federal budget until after the election: "I suspect that those kinds of issues will have to be settled in November of 1996." (See 12-7-95.)

12-1-95: Louisiana Rep. Jimmy Hayes switches to the Republican Party.

12-7-95: Clinton presents his third unbalanced budget for FY '96. (See 12-19-95.)

12-15-95: Clinton presents his fourth unbalanced budget for FY '96, sending the federal government into its second shutdown.

12-19-95: Clinton's third budget is defeated in the House, 412-0.

12-31-95: Part of the federal government remains shut down because of Clinton's vetoes of three appropriations bills and his refusal to sign the Balanced Budget Act.


1-4-96: Hillary Clinton's legally binding written responses to questions posed by Congress are contradicted when the White House releases 1993 memo by former White House Administrator David Watkins in which he says Hillary was "insistent" he fire the White House Travel Office employees.

1-6-96: Clinton introduces his FY '96 budget, which proposes $66 billion in new taxes. (See 1-23-96.)

1-9-96: Clinton breaks promise to "end welfare as we know it" by vetoing bipartisan welfare reform bill.

New York Times columnist William Safire calls Hillary Clinton a "congenital liar."

1-22-96: Hillary Clinton subpoenaed by Whitewater grand jury. (Four days later, she becomes the first first lady to testify before a grand jury.)

1-23-96: Bill Clinton announces "era of big government is over." (See 3-19-96.)

2-6-96: Clinton subpoenaed in bank fraud and conspiracy trial of James and Susan McDougal, his Whitewater partners. (See 4-28-96.)

2-15-96: Clinton has "kept all the promises he meant to keep," according to White House adviser George Stephanopoulos on CNN's Larry King Live.

2-20-96: White House releases more than 100 pages of "mistakenly overlooked" Whitewater records subpoenaed in 1994.

3-19-96: Clinton introduces 1997 budget -- $60 billion in new taxes; 1996 budget still unresolved.

4-10-96: Clinton vetoes partial-birth abortion ban.

4-19-96: Pope John Paul II condemns Clinton's veto of the partial-birth abortion act as "shameful." Raymond Flynn, Clinton's ambassador to the Vatican: "I think the Catholic Church and the Holy Father are absolutely right on this."

4-28-96: Clinton, testifying in the Whitewater trial, denies he pressured then -- Little Rock municipal Judge David Hale to lend $300,000 to Whitewater partner James McDougal in 1986 . (See 5-28-96.)

5-15-96: In his Supreme Court brief asking for a delay in the sexual harassment suit filed against him, Clinton seeks protection under the Soldier and Sailor's Relief Act of 1940--which gives immunity against civil suits to active members of the armed forces--because he is commander in chief and, therefore, is on active duty. (See 5-28-96.)

5-16-96: Senate Whitewater committee votes to subpoena FBI reports showing that Hillary Clinton's fingerprints were found on Rose Law Firm documents--subpoenaed in 1994--discovered in the White House residence quarters this January.

Nine Republican women legislators sign a letter to Clinton asking him to fire one of his top advisers, Dick Morris, who was paid for a poll he conducted on behalf of Alex Kelly, a convicted burglar who fled the country in 1986 after being arrested for allegedly raping two teen-age girls.

5-20-96: White House admits Clinton knew Dick Morris was working for alleged rapist Alex Kelly and "didn't object." (See 8-29-96.)

5-28-96: James and Susan McDougal, Clinton's partners, and Arkansas Gov. Jim Guy Tucker are found guilty. (See 9-23-96.)

Tucker announces he will resign from office on July 15. (See 7-15-96.)

5-30-96: House schedules contempt of Congress vote against Jack Quinn. White House comes up with 1000 of the requested pages, some of which show White House asked for Dale's confidential FBI records going back 32 years.

Clinton drops claim he is protected by his status as commander in chief from testifying in the sexual harassment suit against him.

5-9-96: White House counsel Jack Quinn asserts "executive privilege" on behalf of President Clinton in refusing to turn over 3,000 documents connected to the travel office firings. Attorney General Janet Reno reviews documents.

[Clinton lies again. He previously said he would never assert "executive privilege," but does. What is he hiding?]

[Clearly, those 1000 pages did not merit "executive privilege," but instead, contained damaging information about the Clinton Administration. So what's in the other 2000 pages?!]

6-5-96: White House documents show original request for Billy Dale FBI records came from office of White House counsel Bernard Nussbaum, who resigned in April of 1994. Nussbaum denies all knowledge.

[Of course Nussbaum is going to deny this! If he knows about it, Clinton knew about it.]

6-5-96: White House says request was routine and Dale's records were mistakenly sought due to clerk error. House Government and Oversight Chairman, Rep. William Clinger, asks for list of all FBI background reports requested by White House.

[Once again, thank goodness for the 1994 elections.]

6-6-96: White House says watchdog General Accounting Office actually is the agency that asked for Dale's FBI files. GAO denies this.

[As usual, the White House seeks to put the blame elsewhere. Recall how Clinton put the blame for Waco on Janet Reno.]

6-7-96: White House acknowledges it obtained FBI files on more than 300 former White House employees, but says they were never read. Marceca (the man who collected the files) tells his lawyer he read all the files and passed on "derogatory" information to his boss, Craig Livingstone.

[Says they were "never read?!" Then why obtain them? This is the current version of Clinton's smoking pot, but not inhaling.]

6-8-96: Arkansas Gov. Jim Guy Tucker is indicted on three felony charges of making false statements and conspiracy to defraud the United States. (See 8-17-95.)

6-13-96: Recently retired FBI agent, Gary Aldrich, writes a WSJ editorial saying he was "deeply disturbed" by what he saw during the 2 1/2 years of doing background checks for the White House. The retired agent said he and other agents repeatedly questioned whether the administration misused the process. "The White House's explanation - that it was 'an honest bureaucratic snafu' - is really too much for this FBI veteran to believe," he wrote. Aldrich also points out that in addition to ordering FBI files of hundreds of Republicans, the White House also ordered periodic examinations of those employees believed to be disloyal.

[Hmmm. Could the Clinton's have been looking for information to black- mail "disloyal people" into silence?]

6-14-96: Some of the 340 people whose files went to the White House said they are preparing a letter to express their outrage. Several are considering taking legal action against the administration for violations of the Privacy Act.

The deposition of Craig Livingstone was canceled when Livingstone said he needed more time to prepare.

[Translation - Livingstone needs to consult with the White House to get his story straight.]

6-15-96: The FBI accuses Clinton's staff of improperly obtaining classified FBI background files on at least 408 people, dozens more that previously suspected, for "no official purpose" and "without justification." FBI Director Louis Freeh, a Clinton appointee, criticized the White House for seeking the reports on employees of previous administrations. Freeh said, "The prior system of providing files to the White House relied on good faith and honor. Unfortunately, the FBI and I were victimized." White House spokesman Mike McCurry was asked about Freeh's remark that he and the bureau had been "victimized."

McCurry was at a loss for an explanation.

[When the FBI weighs in, you can't dismiss this as Republican political rhetoric. Sure the Republicans are going to try to capitalize on this. But we could also be witnessing a VERY serious bit of corruption and abuse of power.]

6-4-96: Medicare Trustees release report stating that Medicare is headed for bankruptcy as early as 2000, two years earlier than was predicted in last year's report.

6-5-96: The White House acknowledged that background files on former travel office director Billy Dale "may have mistakenly been sought" from the FBI seven months after Dale was fired.

6-6-96: Los Angeles Times: White House sought confidential FBI background documents on Billy Dale, fired White House Travel Office director.

6-6-96: Michael McCurry, presidential press secretary, suggested that the General Accounting Office, the investigating arm of Congress may have wanted the files on Dale. A GAO spokeswoman issued an immediate denial.

6-7-96: White House admits it ordered FBI files of dozens of Republican leaders, claiming it was working off an "outdated list." (See 6-16-96.)

6-7-96: The list was expanded to 338 persons, including former U.S. Secretary of State James Baker III

6-7-96: Mark Fabiani, a White House lawyer and spokesman, said, "It appears that the purpose of the project in which this Army person was involved was to reconstruct the background information on employees held over from the Bush Administration." He declined to name the Army person.

6-9-96: News reports identify two staff members as responsible for the files: civilian army investigator Anthony Marcesa and his supervisor, Craig Livingstone. Both have been active in political campaigns. A Democratic consultant, Dennis M. Casey, accused the two of dirty tricks in an earlier campaign. Livingstone and Marcesa issued statements denying wrongdoing involving files at the White House.

6-9-96: President Clinton tells reporters, "It appears to have been a completely honest bureaucratic snafu."

6-10-96: Veterans Affairs Secretary Jesse Brown and NASA chief Dan Goldin tell the Senate Budget Committee Clinton told them not to implement the budget cuts he proposed in his 1997 budget.

6-11-96: Clinton calls the FBI files scandal a "completely honest bureaucratic snafu."

6-13-96: In response to an FBI query, the White House added 71 more names to the list of files that were improperly sought.

6-13-96: Retired FBI agent Gary W. Aldrich, who served at the White House for five years, wrote in the Wall Street Journal that he had 1warned the FBI management about political favoritism in the White House background checks.

6-14-96: FBI Director Louis Freeh says the White House acquisition of the FBI files represented "egregious violations of privacy."

6-14-96: FBI Director Louis Freeh issued a statement saying that his agency had been "victimized" by the White House. Later, he accepts responsibility for allowing the mishandling of the files.

6-16-96: Contradicting White House statements, the Secret Service says it did not generate the outdated list the White House claimed it used.

6-17-96: White House places personnel security office director Craig Livingstone, directly responsible for obtaining the FBI files, on administrative leave. (Meanwhile, no one at the White House can remember who hired him.) (See 10-25-96.)

6-19-96: Livingstone tells the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee that the room housing the FBI files was often left unsecured. (Livingstone himself did not get proper security clearance until more than a year after he began his job as head of White House security.) AG Reno asks FBI to expand its probe to determine how and why White House obtained FBI files on former Reagan and Bush administration staff members.

6-19-96: White House Chief of Staff Leon Panetta issued a statement blaming the "the procedures in place for some three decades" for being inadequate. He set up new rules for the White House office of personnel security.

6-20-96: Reversing her call for the FBI to lead the inquiry, AG Reno says Whitewater independent counsel Kenneth Starr should investigate how the White House acquired the FBI files.

6-23-96: White House counsel Jack Quinn says that the administration will leave the investigation of the files to Congress and the independent counsel Kenneth Starr.

6-25-96: White House finally releases more than 2,000 documents relating to the Travel Office firings, originally requested two years ago by congressional investigators.

6-26-96: Craig Livingstone resigns.

6-28-96: Livingstone's assistant, Anthony Marceca, takes the Fifth Amendment on White House acquisition of FBI files.

7-2-96: White House documents reveal that Livingstone's resume listed his stint as "counter-event operations" supervisor for the '92 Clinton-Gore campaign, where he hired people to heckle Bush. (See 7-18-96.)

7-7-96: Clinton provides videotaped testimony in the Whitewater-related trial of Arkansas bankers Herby Branscum and Robert Hill.

7-15-96: Arkansas Gov. Tucker refuses to resign. After public outcry and Democrat protests, he turns his seat over to GOP Lt. Gov. Mike Huckabee.

7-17-96: In testimony to the House Government Reform and Oversight Committee, Secret Service agent Jeff Undercoffer says: "I have seen cocaine usage...I have seen crack usages" reported in the FBI files of more than 40 White House aides. They were given temporary security clearance despite objections from the Secret Service.

7-18-96: The Washington Times: Secret Service warned the administration that Livingstone posed a threat to White House security.

8-1-96: Clinton refuses to sign legislation to pay the legal fees accrued by Billy Dale and the other fired Travel Office employees. The next day, the White House asks Congress to pay the legal fees of Clinton aides in return for Clinton's signature. (See 9-12-96.)

8-7-96: Big Brother: White House refuses a House subcommittee request for information about a computer database--which may provide access to security files, violating privacy rights--containing the names, addresses, political affiliations and other information on 200,000 legislators, news reporters and political contributors. (See 9-10-96.)

8-18-96: Clinton tells CBS News he will not rule out raising taxes during a second term.

8-20-96: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration releases report showing that between 1992 and 1995 teen drug use skyrocketed 105 percent, including a jump of 183 percent in monthly use of LSD and other hallucinogens and a jump of 141 percent in marijuana use. (See 9-4-96.)

8-22-96: With an eye toward re-election, Clinton signs GOP welfare reform bill. (See 9-20-96.)

8-23-96: The nonpartisan Common Cause says the DNC has received hundreds of thousands of dollars from a South Korean firm, Cheong Am America. (See 9-21-96.)

8-29-96: Hours before Clinton's nomination acceptance speech, Dick Morris, Clinton's chief political adviser, resigns amid reports linking him to a prostitute. (See 9-10-96.)

9-3-96: Clinton orders vote-seeking cruise missile attacks against Iraqi forces after they invade the internationally protected Kurdish zone of northern Iraq. (See 9-14-96.)

The Washington Times: White House lawyers and staffers have been secretly organizing the Clintons' legal defense strategy on Whitewater and congressional and criminal activities-costing taxpayers $1.3 million a year.

9-4-96: Gen. Barry R. McCaffrey, Clinton's drug czar, tells the Senate Judiciary Committee the administration took its "eye off the ball" concerning drug abuse and that if policies don't change soon, "we will reap a harvest of crime, violence and lost opportunity."

9-6-96: The Washington Times: The administration--anticipating political advantages in the votes of new citizens--pressured the INS to grant citizenship to thousands of foreigners lacking FBI clearance; dozens with criminal records became citizens. (See 10-24-96.)

9-9-96: Clinton meets with James Riady of the Lippo Group, who congratulates Clinton on his policy toward China, including his decision to separate China's trading privileges from human rights concerns, and urges Clinton to intensify his efforts in China. Bruce Lindsey and Mark Middleton also attend the meeting. (See 10-16-96.)

9-10-96: Big Brother: White House documents reveal the Clintons ordered the database on more than 200,000 citizens. White House calls the system, which cost $540,000, an "expanded Rolodex." (See 9-20-96.) After categorically denying it, White House finally admits Clinton knew Dick Morris had an illegitimate daughter.

9-12-96: Senate votes to reimburse Billy Dale, falsely accused by the White House of financial wrongdoing, for his legal bills.

The nonpartisan Joint Tax Committee announces Clinton's proposed $100 billion in tax cuts would turn into a $64 billion tax increase at the end of the century.

White House refuses to release Clinton's medical records. Asked whether they were free of anything a "normal person" would consider embarrassing, press secretary Mike McCurry responds: "I wouldn't say that."

9-14-96: Sen. Sam Nunn, ranking Democrat on the Armed Forces Committee, declares Saddam Hussein "stronger today" than he was before Clinton's missile attack. (See 9-19-96.)

9-16-96: Interior Department proposes plan to levy $350 million a year in taxes on outdoor equipment--from birdseed to binoculars.

9-17-96: Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt retracts his plan.

9-18-96: White House "engaged in an unprecedented misuse of executive power and executive privilege" in covering up the events that led to the Travelgate affair, concludes a House Government Reform and Oversight Committee report.

9-19-96: CIA Director John Deutch tells Congress Saddam Hussein is stronger politically than he was before Clinton's missile attacks.

9-20-96: Clinton tells ABC's Barbara Walters he might put Hillary in charge of his plan to repeal parts of the welfare reform plan he signed just last month.

Big Brother: White House database may contain as many as 300,000 names and 50,000 organizations and have cost taxpayers as much as $1.7 million, says the chairman of the House Government Reform and Oversight subcommittee, Rep. David McIntosh.

9-21-96: Los Angeles Times: A $250,000 donation to the DNC from a South Korean company violated election laws because the company--not its American subsidiary, Cheong Am America--made the donation. The fund- raiser is DNC Finance Vice Chairman John Huang. (See 10-16-96.)

9-23-96: While working at Rose Law Firm, Hillary Clinton and Web Hubbell drafted documents for a failing thrift that were used to deceive bank examiners and divert $300,000 to Hubbell's father-in-law, concludes a Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. report.

Clinton tells PBS' Jim Lehrer he hasn't ruled out granting pardons for Jim Guy Tucker and Jim and Susan McDougal.

9-26-96: The Washington Times: White House refuses to release a Pentagon- commissioned report suggesting Clinton's non-strategy to combat drug use has failed.

White House refuses to release documents to House investigators trying to determine whether the administration knew U.S.-trained Haitian security agents murdered political opponents of the U.S.-supported regime.

10-1-96: White House refuses to release a memo by FBI Director Freeh and DEA Administrator Thomas Constantine that condemns Clinton's efforts against drug use.

10-8-96: Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary's travels abroad cost taxpayers more than $4.5 million, concludes a report by the Energy Department's inspector general.

10-11-96: DNC says it received $425,000 in contributions from Arief and Soraya Wiriadinata after the Indonesian couple met with DNC fund-raiser John Huang. The Wiriadinatas lived in a modest townhouse in Virginia; Arief was a gardener. But Soraya's father is an investor in the Lippo Group. After the couple moved back to Jakarta, they gave the DNC the final $295,000 payment. (See 11-22-96.)

10-12-96: The New York Times: The Riadys and the Lippo Group had their U.S. banking practices repeatedly criticized by federal regulators for illegal activities--including money laundering.

10 13, 1996 -- Congressional Republicans raise questions about $425,000 in donations to the DNC attributed to Arief Wiriadinata, the wealthy son-in-law of a business partner of Mochtar Riady and his son James, Indonesians who run the Lippo Group business conglomerate. Wiriadinata now lives in Jakarta.

10 14, 1996 -- The DNC acknowledges receiving another $25,000 contribution from Wiriadinata and his wife, bringing the total from them to $450,000.

10-16-96: Los Angeles Times: Deputy White House counsel Bruce Lindsey describes the September 9, 1996 Oval Office meeting between Clinton and Riady as "basically a drop-by social visit" in which no issues of U.S. policy were discussed.

Oct. 16, 1996 -- Democratic Party Chairman Christopher J. Dodd tells reporters that Republican presidential candidate Bob Dole, during his unsuccessful 1988 bid for his party's presidential nomination, accepted $1,000 from the Riady family.

DNC returns a $10,000 contribution from the chairman of Cheong Am America because the money was not generated by the firm's U.S. subsidiary.

DNC admits it raised $140,000 at a fund-raiser featuring Vice President Albert Gore at a Buddhist temple. Dozens of Buddhist monks, who have taken vows of poverty, contributed up to $5,000 each. Religious institutions are not allowed to contribute to political organizations.

10 17, 1996 -- Wall Street Journal reports that residents of various branches of the Hsi Lai Buddhist Temple have donated some $50,000 to the DNC.

10-18-96: DNC says it will reimburse the Buddhist temple $15,000 the temple spent for food and other expenses at the fund-raiser, but it will keep the $140,000 raised at the temple.

DNC announces it has suspended John Huang, who helped raise $2.5 million for the Clinton campaign.

10 18, 1996 -- DNC says it will reimburse the Hsi Lai Buddhist temple near Los Angeles $15,000 to cover the cost of an April 29 fund-raiser. Vice President Al Gore attended the event, and though religious institutions are barred from partisan political activities, the event netted the DNC $140,000. A nun told reporters she had been given $5,000 in cash by an individual who then asked her to write a check to the DNC for the same amount.

10-20-96: DNC Chairman Chris Dodd tells CBS' Face the Nation that John Huang will answer the press' questions before Election Day. That afternoon, Dodd changes his mind.

10-21-96: DNC gives up $5,000 from a Buddhist nun who said she was handed $5,000 in cash and told to write a check to the DNC.

10-22-96: Gore says he thought the Buddhist temple fund-raiser was a "community outreach" event, not a fund-raiser.

10-23-96: A federal judge orders U.S. marshals to find John Huang and serve a subpoena on him for a deposition in a lawsuit probing allegations of illegal Commerce Department activities.

Los Angeles Times: Although Yogesh Gandhi owes $10,000 in back taxes, had his driver's license revoked for failing to pay fines and claims to be a pauper, he managed to give the DNC $325,000. (See 11-6-96.)

10 23, 1996-- The Justice Department releases photographs showing a convicted Miami drug dealer Jorge Cabrera posing with First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton and with Vice President Gore at a Florida fund-raising dinner last December. Cabrera was invited to the White House last year after sending a $20,000 contribution to the Democratic National Committee.

10-24-96: The Washington Times: FBI estimates 100,000 immigrants with criminal histories have become citizens since August 1995, when the administration pushed the INS to naturalize more than 1 million new citizens.

10 24, 1996 -- A U.S. marshal, attempting to serve a subpoena, reports Huang as missing.

10-25-96: At AG Reno's request, a special federal appeals court authorizes Kenneth Starr to determine if Bernie Nussbaum committed perjury when he told Congress he didn't know who hired Livingstone.

Oct. 25, 1996 -- Judge Royce C. Lamberth orders Huang to show up for work so he can be served his subpoena.

10 27, 1996 -- Huang's lawyer accepts the subpoena, but Huang fails to appear the next day.

10-28-96: U.S. News & World Report: Nearly $300,000 in contributions to the DNC came from 37 donors who listed the DNC headquarters as their home address.

For the first time in 22 years, the DNC announces it will not file an FEC pre-election finance report, which contains information detailing spending and contributions.

Oct. 28, 1996 -- The DNC announces it won't file a pre-election spending report with the Federal Election Commission, virtually unprecedented since the FEC was founded in 1974. After an ensuing outcry, within 24 hours the DNC does an about-face and promises to release a list and file its FEC report.

Oct. 29, 1996 -- After issued a court order, Huang appears for interrogation by conservative group Judicial Watch.

10-29-96: DNC releases raw data concerning its finance report, but not the report itself.

At his deposition, Huang says while he was in hiding he was buoyed by a "message of support" from Hillary. Asked if he had raised money for the Democrats while working at the Commerce Department, Huang says he "couldn't recall." (See 11-8-96.)

10-30-96: RNC vows to go to court to freeze the DNC's ability to raise or spend money until it files a proper report.

10 30, 1996 -- Bowing to pressure, the DNC releases a partial list of its donors.

10 30, 1996 -- Huang testifies in court-ordered appearance that he met numerous times with President Clinton and the first lady at the White House, and discussed issues related to Indonesia.

10-31-96: The New York Times: Mark Middleton, who left the White House in early 1995, distributed business cards on his trips to Taiwan to raise money for the Clinton campaign that featured the White House seal, identified him as "special assistant to the president" and listed a White House telephone number that gave this recording: "Thank you for calling the White House. To reach Mack McLarty, please dial (202) 456-2000. To reach Mark Middleton, please dial (202) 737-9305 [the number for Middleton's trading company, Commerce Corporation International]...Again, thank you for calling the White House."

RNC Chairman Haley Barbour holds a news conference and plays the White House phone message for reporters. Before the conference ends 15 minutes later, the White House has erased the message.

10 31, 1996 -- Secret Service logs indicate Huang visited the White House 78 times during the 15 months before October.

Nov. 1, 1996 -- During a campaign appearance in California, President Clinton calls for a ban on donations from non-U.S. citizens.

10 1, 1996 -- The White House offers a partial explanation for the high number of John Huang visits: Two different men with that name visited the White House during the 15-month period.

11-1-96: DNC releases a summary of its finance report, but not the report itself. Clinton says he and the DNC have "played by the rules" in soliciting campaign contributions--and then calls for campaign finance reform. (See 11-12-96.)

DNC Executive Director B. J. Thornberry admits that in mid-1994 the DNC stopped running computer checks on donors contributing $30,000 or more.

11 2, 1996 -- The Democratic National Committee acknowledges laxity in reviewing the sources of its donors, and pledges heightened scrutiny.

11-4-96: White House admits James Riady of the Lippo Group visited the White House "at least" 15 times during the last four years.

The Washington Times: Grigori Loutchansky--a Russian with strong ties to the Russian Mafia who is not allowed into Canada for security reasons (his company, Nordex, has been linked to nuclear weapons smuggling)--attended a 1993 White House dinner.

The Detroit Free Press: An Iraqi-born family, the Danous, bought a private audience with Clinton after the family contributed more than $400,000 to his campaign. "It was to help Iraq," says Julie Danou, adding that a responsive Clinton promised to help change U.S. policy by "lifting the embargo." By the eve of the election, at least 213 elected Democratic officials have joined the GOP since Clinton's election, and 38 Democratic members of the 104th Congress have resigned or announced their retirement.

Nov. 4, 1996 -- In scathing attack, Reform Party presidential candidate Ross Perot says nation is heading for a "second Watergate."

11-5-96: Clinton becomes the third president in U.S. history to be elected twice without a majority of the popular vote.

11-6-96: Half of Clinton's Cabinet resigns.

DNC returns a $325,000 donation from Yogesh Gandhi, who is not a U.S. citizen.

11-7-96: DNC returns $50,000 given by George Psaltis, a Greek-not U.S.-citizen.

10-8, 1996 -- In first post-election news conference, Clinton says contributions from Indonesian sources had "absolutely not" influenced his foreign policy. The president calls for campaign finance reform and endorses McCain/Feingold legislation.

11-8-96: The Washington Times: Hillary Clinton pushed the Commerce Department to hire John Huang, despite the objections of then-Secretary Brown.

11-12, 1996 -- Democratic National Committee co-chairman Don Fowler holds press conference and declares, "Never has there been any desire, plan or intent to evade requirements of applicable laws and regulations," Fowler said. "In fact, we have tried to comply strictly with all relevant requirements.

11-12-96: Commerce Department's inspector general begins to review the relationship between John Huang and his former employer, the Lippo Group, which paid Huang a compensation package of $87 9 ,000 in mid-1994 when he left the Indonesian conglomerate to join Commerce.

DNC National Chairman Don Fowler says he doesn't know if DNC fund raisers had solicited contributions overseas, how much in contributions the DNC has returned or how much money John Huang has raised--and he wouldn't tell reporters even if he did know.

11-13, 1996 -- Justice Department turns down the request of Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) for an independent prosecutor.

11-15, 1996 -- DNC announces it will investigate contributions made in the name of Thai businesswoman Pauline Kanchanalak and her Washington business Ban Chang International. Records show one of the contributions for $32,500 was made two days after Kanchanalak visited John Huang at the Commerce Department.

11-16, 1996 -- President Clinton acknowledges discussing policy issues with James Riady, but said the Indonesian businessman never influenced his decisions.

11-18, 1996 -- A letter from GOP Rep. Ben Gilman to Commerce Secretary Mickey Kantor indicates that Huang's phone records from the Commerce Department show he made at least 70 calls while still at Commerce to his former employer, the Los Angeles office of the Lippo Bank.

11-18, 1996 -- John Huang is fired from his fund-raising job in what DNC calls a "typical layoff" following an election.

11-19, 1996 -- White House aides confirm that Bruce Lindsey, a top aide to the president, urged that contacts between Clinton and Lippo Group executive James Riady be described as "social." Following the election, Clinton acknowledged discussing policy issues with Riady.

11-19, 1996 -- Asked about contributions from wealthy Indonesians and the practices of Huang, Clinton, travelling in Australia, urges reporters to remember "what happened to Mr. Jewell in Atlanta." That was a reference to Richard Jewell, the security guard initially targeted by the FBI following the bombing near the Olympic Park in Atlanta.

11-20-96: DNC returns $253,000 in illegal contributions from a Thai businesswoman, Pauline Kanchanalak, and her mother-in-law, Praitun Kanchanalak.

11-22-96: DNC returns $450,000 in donations from the Wiriadinatas, the Indonesian couple who has since moved back to Jakarta--bringing to more than $1.5 million the amount of illegal or questionable donations the DNC has been forced to return.

11-22, 1996 -- Former Associate Attorney General Webster Hubbell is questioned by federal grand jury about his contacts with James Riady.

Justice Department requests the FBI interview DNC contributors to investigate potential criminal misconduct.

11-23, 1996 -- DNC announces it will return $450,000 to Arief and Soraya Wiriadinata, former permanent U.S. residents with ties to the Lippo group, who had lived in a Virginia suburb, donated the money in 1995 and 1996, but did not file a tax return in 1996. It is the largest donation returned to date.

11-26, 1996 -- White House releases list of 1993 inaugural donors that shows Huang and James Riady donated $100,000.

11-27-96: Environmental Protection Agency proposes new Clean Air Act regulations that even it estimates will cost companies at least $8.5 billion `annually. Arguing the rules are based on dubious research and would even change the way we barbecue hamburgers, more than 500 businesses and local government groups are fighting them.

12-2-96: The Wall Street Journal: Despite pre-election claims that Clinton's contacts with the Riadys were primarily social, White House admits it has a March 9, 1993 letter from the Lippo Group's Mochtar Riady outlining policy positions he wanted Clinton to take regarding Indonesia, China and Asia.

12-2, 1996 -- Clinton acknowledges that he received a letter in 1993 from Mochtar Riady urging him to normalize relations with Vietnam. Clinton called it a "straightforward policy letter."

12-3, 1996 -- The Clinton Administration releases to reporters correspondence between the White House and the Lippo Group, prompting anger from congressional Republicans who sought the letters earlier.

12-6, 1996 -- Man Ya Shih, a Buddhist nun, tells the FEC the $5,000 she donated to the DNC came from her own funds. That contradicts statements she made in October that a Democratic operative gave her $5,000 in cash and then asked her to write a check for the same amount to the DNC.

12-6, 1996 -- Lawyers confirm that former Commerce Department official Melinda Yee testified that she threw out notes on preparation for U.S. trade missions, even after a federal judge had ordered them turned over to the conservative group Judicial Watch. Yee said that no one told her of Judicial Watch's Freedom of Information Act request for them. She discarded them two months after a court order that they be turned over.

12-10-96: White House documents reveal that less than three weeks after he was sworn into office, Clinton agreed to meet Indonesian billionaire Mochtar Riady in the Oval Office.

12-11-96: Mike McCurry admits the Inaugural festivities "will be for the fat cats."

12-11, 1996 -- Documents show that less than three weeks after Clinton's 1993 inauguration, Huang contacted the White House by letter, pushing for a meeting between Clinton and Huang's former boss at the Lippo Group, Mochtar Riady. The letter has a handwritten note from Clinton in the margin, saying it would be "okay to spend a few minutes with him when he's in D.C."

12-17, 1996 -- Trustees for Bill and Hillary Clinton's legal defense fund, which was set up to help defray their Whitewater legal bills, disclose that $640,000 in questionable donations have been returned. Many of the donations were delivered by Charles Yah Lin Trie, a top Democratic fund-raiser.

12-19, 1996 -- The Justice Department expands its investigation of DNC fund-raising to include the activities of the Clintons' legal defense fund. The department issues subpoena to the Presidential Legal Expense Trust, asking it to provide details surrounding $640,000 in questionable donations the fund returned.

12-20, 1996 -- The administration confirms that Trie helped get Wang Jun, the head of a Chinese weapons trading company, invited to a White House reception at a time of trouble in U.S.-China relations. White House Press Secretary Mike McCurry says Clinton did not know who Wang was and that if the administration had known, the invitation probably would not have been extended.

12-28, 1996 -- Documents released by the DNC reveal the Democrats' National Asian Pacific American Campaign Plan, a strategy to raise some $7 million from Asian Americans. Records show the plan involved John Huang, the DNC, the Clinton-Gore campaign, and Doris Matsui, deputy assistant to President Clinton.

01-15, 1997 -- Vice President Gore's office acknowledges that he was aware the Buddhist temple event on April 29, 1996, was "finance-related." That contrasted with an earlier statement in which he said he thought the event was "community outreach." On Jan. 24 Gore acknowledges his "mistake" and says, "I knew it was a political event and I knew there were finance people who were going to be present."

01-16, 1997 -- The Boston Globe reports that the president had withdrawn his support for an immigration reform bill in March 1996 that ended automatic entry for the siblings of naturalized citizens. His move came one month after receiving a memo from John Huang stating the top Asia-Pacific American priority was to keep sibling preference in place. In February 1996, Huang had organized an Asian fund-raiser that raised $1.1 million. The White House denied any connection.

01-23, 1997 -- The New York Times reports that Maria Haley, a longtime associate of Bill Clinton who works at the Export-Import Bank, lobbied for a $6.5 million financing deal on behalf of Thai businesswoman Pauline Kanchanalak, whose family last year donated more than $200,000 to the DNC. The deal, intended to finance a Bangkok video store franchise, ultimately didn't go through, and most of the $200,000 in contributions was returned because its origins were unclear. John Huang, a longtime associate of Haley, raised part of the $200,000.

01-24, 1997 -- Documents show that at least 100 coffees arranged by the DNC were held at the White House, some of which were attended by Clinton and Gore. Of particular interest is one held last May with more than a dozen executives of the nation's biggest banks, and attended by the president, Secretary of the Treasury Robert Rubin, and Comptroller of the Currency Eugene Ludwig, the nation's top financial regulator.

01-28, 1997 -- In his first post-inaugural press conference, President Clinton acknowledges that "mistakes were made" but he "categorically" denied any policies were impacted by fund-raising.

01-29, 1997 -- Sen. Fred Thompson (R-Tenn.) reveals plans to hire a staff of 80 persons to investigate campaign fund-raising on a budget of $6.5 million. (By contrast, the Watergate committee had a staff of 90; according to Thompson, the Watergate probe would have cost about $7 million in today's dollars.) On 01-28, Thompson, in a speech on the Senate floor, outlines the scope of his investigation, promising to be thorough and to allow consideration of Republican abuses.

02-3, 1997 -- Former Deputy Chief of Staff Harold Ickes comes under fire after CNN obtains memo showing Ickes advised a major DNC contributor, Warren Medoff, on how he might best distribute more than $1 million in contributions, and how he might receive beneficial tax treatment. Ickes later says he shouldn't have used a government fax machine and telephone, but that he didn't violate any laws.

02-4, 1997 -- A Justice Department subpoena of an Arkansas businessman provides first indication that the Clinton Administration is a focus of Justice's investigation.

02-5, 1997 -- The White House concedes that President Clinton had stamped "The President Has Seen" on a memo listing attendees at a White House coffee that included the comptroller of the currency, DNC national chairman Don Fowler and finance chairman Marvin Rosen.

02-10, 1997 -- Former DNC chairman Don Fowler tells The Boston Globe that the DNC routinely solicited attendees of White House coffees for funds, and that they collectively donated $27 million.

02-13, 1997 -- Clinton calls for a "vigorous" and "thorough" investigation into reports that representatives of the People's Republic of China tried to direct financial contributions from foreign sources to the DNC. Rep. Gerald Solomon tells reporters, "The potential finding is that our foreign policy has been sold for a price, national security has been sold for a price."

02-14, 1997 -- The White House releases documents suggesting it ignored warnings from the National Security Council that DNC fund-raisers' trips to Asia might jeopardize U.S. foreign policy. Particular concern was raised about DNC Managing Trustee Johnny Chung, who gave $366,000 to the DNC, and pressed Clinton for assistance in his efforts to free Chinese-American human rights activist Harry Wu. NSC called Chung a "hustler" and his mission "very troubling." Documents also showed NSC's concerns about Gore attending an event at a Buddhist Temple in California last April were ignored.

02-16, 1997 -- The Washington Post reports that six months after Hillary Rodham Clinton visited Guam in September 1995, residents of the commonwealth donated nearly $900,000 to the DNC. The White House denied that a subsequent change in Guam's immigration policy was connected in any way.

02-16, 1997 -- House Government Reform and Oversight Chairman Dan Burton (R-Ind.) issues 20 subpoenas and announces plans to interview more than 500 people.

02-20, 1997 -- Asian-American businessman alleges Huang pressured him to funnel more than $250,000 to the Democratic National Committee by pretending the money was contributions from the his group's members. Huang's lawyer denies the charge. Records show Huang went on fund-raising trips while still a Commerce employee.

02-21, 1997 -- The newly installed DNC head, Colorado Gov. Roy Romer, concedes that following an audit, the DNC will likely return another $1 million in questionable contributions.

02-21, 1997 -- Huang and Webster Hubbell refuse to provide documents to congressional investigators, citing the Fifth Amendment. Reports surface Huang has asked for partial immunity in return for cooperation.

02-25, 1997 -- Clinton acknowledges he personally encouraged rewarding DNC donors with overnight stays at the Lincoln Bedroom.

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