AFRICA | WHAT REALLY HAPPENED


AFRICA

Oct 31 08:12

9/11 Was NATO’s License to Expand Globally

The 9/11 attacks on the United States undoubtedly benefited a number of actors, including the American military-intelligence complex, Israel, and most definitely, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The Cold War-era, the area of responsibility for which had long been confined to Europe and North America, used the provisions of Article 5 of the NATO Charter – which states that an attack on one member is an attack on all – to extend NATO’s power deep into Eurasia, particularly in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Kyrgyzstan.

After engaging in out-of-area invasions and occupations of Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, Libya, and Syria and, again in Iraq, against the «Islamic State,» the «North Atlantic» military bloc has transformed itself from a Cold War defensive alliance into a global offensive axis of nations that acts with or without United Nations authorization.

Oct 30 13:03

Burkina Faso army announces dissolution of govt, parliament

Burkina Faso’s army has announced the dissolution of the country’s National Assembly and the establishment of a new transitional governing body after nearly two days of opposition protests outside government buildings.

“A transitional body will be put in place in consultation with all parties. A return to the constitutional order is expected in no more than 12 months,” General Honore Traore told a news conference on Thursday.

Earlier in the day, a state of emergency was declared in the capital, Ouagadougou. Furious demonstrators set fire to the Parliament building among other government structures, reportedly forcing President Blaise Compaore to abandon constitutional amendment plans which would allow him to seek reelection for a third term next year.

Oct 29 10:10

Hagel announces mandatory Ebola quarantine

A 21-day quarantine for all military personnel serving in Ebola stricken areas of West Africa was approved by Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel Wednesday.

Oct 27 10:03

CDC: 21-Day Monitoring For All Coming From Ebola Nations

Significantly expanding their vigilance, federal health officials said Wednesday that they would begin monitoring all travelers, even Americans, who come to the U.S. from Ebola-stricken West African nations for 21 days.

The director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said the program will begin Monday, Oct. 27 and cover visitors as well as aid workers, journalists and other Americans returning from Liberia, Sierra Leone or Guinea.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

What about Mali?

Oct 27 09:45

Thousands More US Troops Headed to Liberia to Fight Ebola

Thousands of additional US troops are heading to Liberia, according to commander Major General Gary Volesky, the lead of the ongoing war on Ebola in western Africa.

Volesky praised the “great team” of troops being sent to Liberia, and vowed that the forces would “stamp out Ebola” across the region. The initially stated “war goal” was to build 17 treatment units in Liberia for the large number of Ebola patients.

The treatment units are supposed to be completed by December, but the latest indications are that the US military involvement there will not end with this construction.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

THOUSANDS of US troops, rather than trained medical professionals?!?

Forgive me, but this feels more like a military invasion rather than a medical, humanitarian measure.

And as Africareport.com reported in February of this year:

While oil could potentially accelerate the country's development, Liberians also remember that mismanagement of its forestry, gold and diamonds resources was one of the causes of the last war. When Liberia's 14-year civil war was ending 10 years ago, citizens desperately wanted to live in a country where children could go to school safely, women are not molested, traders travel between cities, and so on. Today, with those goals mostly met, the country faces another challenge: that of how managing its abundant natural resources, particularly oil that was discovered in 2010.

The eradication of ebola may well be the "good reason" for this abundance of American troops over trained medical professionals on this deployment; however, it is hard to believe that the embarrassment of riches in Liberia's oil wealth is not perhaps the "real reason", and the relative ease of producing it, which has generated this "invasion".

Oct 27 07:43

U.S. Ebola fighters head to Africa, but will the military and civilian effort be enough?

Hundreds of Americans have flown to Liberia in the past few days. Thousands more are on the way.

Oct 25 09:44

FLASHBACK OCTOBER - Ebola vaccine trails beginning in Mali

The trial began on Wednesday, October 8 with the vaccination of the first subject, followed by two additional participants today (October 9), all three being Malian health care workers. In the coming weeks 37 more health care workers will receive the vaccine.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

And Mali, which had no Ebola cases before the vaccine trial, now has their first confirmed death from Ebola.

Oct 25 07:20

Ebola's spread to Mali sets back effort to halt virus

The first death from Ebola in this West African nation raised concerns Friday about whether the country would have more success in stemming the deadly virus than its hard-hit neighbors in the region.

Oct 24 15:18

Safety, Tolerability and Pharmacokinetic First in Human (FIH) Study for Intravenous (IV) TKM-100802

This study has suspended participant recruitment.
(This clinical trial has been suspended following a clinical hold placed on the investigational new drug TKM-100802.)
Sponsor:
Tekmira Pharmaceuticals Corporation
Collaborator:
Department of Defense

Webmaster's Commentary: 

This document confirmns that there was an Ebola vaccine trial taking place at Kenema, co-sponsored by Tekmira Pharmaceuticals and the US Department of Defense, with thew project being terminated following the explosion of Ebola in the population around the laboratory.

Oct 24 12:13

Aid needed to stem explosion of Ebola in Liberia: study

Without a massive scaleup of aid, the Ebola epidemic in Liberia will explode, according to a computer simulation published Friday of the nation's most populous county.

The study -- using assumptions challenged by some experts -- projected that by December 15, Montserrado county could have up to 171,000 cases of Ebola.

Oct 24 08:20

Ebola Outbreak Erodes Recent Advances in West Africa

In the breach, Ebola is fast washing away the small gains made over the last decade in war-scarred parts of West Africa, as schools shut down, immunization campaigns are suspended and a food crisis looms as farmers abandon their fields.

Oct 24 06:32

FLASHBACK - U.S. is Responsible for the Ebola Outbreak in West Africa: Liberian Scientist

Is it possible that the United States Department of Defense (DOD) and other Western countries are directly responsible for infecting Africans with the Ebola virus? Dr. Broderick claims that the U.S. government has a research laboratory located in a town called Kenema in Sierra Leone that studies what he calls “viral fever bioterrorism”, It is also the town where he acknowledges that is the “epicentre of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa.” Is it a fact? Is Dr. Broderick a conspiracy theorist? He says that “there is urgent need for affirmative action in protecting the less affluent of poorer countries, especially African citizens, whose countries are not as scientifically and industrially endowed as the United States and most Western countries, sources of most viral or bacterial GMOs that are strategically designed as biological weapons.” He also asks an important question when he says “It is most disturbing that the U. S.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

This is right out of chapter 1 of Stephen King's "The Stand."

Oct 23 06:54

Langley Airmen back home after supporting humanitarian relief operations in Ebola-stricken African nations

Joint Base Langley, Eustis, Va. – Airmen from the 63rd Medical Group received a warm welcome home today after they returned from supporting humanitarian relief operations in Ebola-stricken African nations on Monday.

The Airmen set up an Expeditionary Medical Support System and trained workers on how to actually use the equipment in a 25-bed deployable hospital facility.

None of the Airmen worked with anyone who was infected with Ebola while they were deployed. They were segregated from the general population officials say.

When the Airmen arrived back at Langley, medical staff evaluated them. They have now been allowed to return home with their families.

Oct 21 15:31

Secret Project Created Weaponized Ebola in South Africa in the 1980s

Operating out of South Africa during the Apartheid era in the early 1980’s, Dr. Wouter Basson launched a secret bioweapons project called Project Coast. The goal of the project was to develop biological and chemical agents that would either kill or sterilize the black population and assassinate political enemies. Among the agents developed were Marburg and Ebola viruses.

Basson is surrounded by cloak and dagger intrigue, as he told Pretoria High court in South Africa that “The local CIA agent in Pretoria threatened me with death on the sidewalk of the American Embassy in Schoeman Street.” According to a 2001 article in The New Yorker magazine, the American Embassy in Pretoria was “terribly concerned” that Basson would reveal deep connections between Project Coast and the United States.

“No records are available to confirm that the biological agents were destroyed.”

Oct 21 11:38

Obama’s Ebola Czar Thinks There’s Too Many People in Africa

President Barack Obama’s new ‘Ebola Czar’ Ron Klain is an enthusiastic advocate of population control who thinks that there are too many people in Africa.

Oct 21 08:50

Ebola Cases Rise Sharply in Western Sierra Leone

After emerging months ago in eastern Sierra Leone, Ebola is now hitting the western edges of the country where the capital is located with dozens of people falling sick each day, the government said Tuesday. So many people are dying that removing bodies is reportedly a problem.

Oct 21 08:01

Is The US Government The Master Criminal Of Our Time?

UPDATE: As I read this notice from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the US National Institutes of Health, the US Government and Pharmaceutical corporations have been conducting ebola tests on humans. http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT02041715

This is official confirmation of Dr. Boyle and Dr. Broderick’s reports that the US government has conducted ebola experiments. Perhaps the vaccine was not effective, and those on whom the experiment was conducted came down with ebola and perhaps also employees in the US bio-warfare laboratories located in Africa where the experiment was conducted.

It appears that the test consists of giving an ebola vaccine and then exposing the unaware person to ebola, apparently an engineered version for bio-warfare. Whatever the tests are, it is clear that Boyle and Broderick in their articles below are correct that experimentation with ebola by the US government is underway.

Oct 21 08:00

Ebola outbreak: Famine approaches – bringing a fresh nightmare to West Africa

Sierra Leone’s fields are without farmers. Its crops go un-reaped. In the quarantine areas, feeding is patchy – some get food, others don’t. People then leave the enforced isolation in search of a meal, so Ebola spreads. In three West African countries where many already live a hand-to-mouth existence, the act of eating is increasingly rare.

Oct 21 06:34

Weaponized Ebola?

The US and UK helped its fascist friends in South Africa develop an ethnic-specific biowarfare program

The goal: To develop ethnic-specific bio-weapons to "limit" the black population.

According to one of the psychopaths who worked on this:

"That was great. That was the most fun I had in my life."

"Another country that had a population problem asked us to work on this." (I'm pretty sure that was one of South Africa's keenest allies Israel that he's referring to.)

From the book by bio-weapons expert Jeanne Guillemin: "The project‘s growth years were from 1982 to 1987, when it developed a range of biological agents (such as those for anthrax, cholera, and the Marburg and Ebola viruses and for botulinum toxin)..."

Oct 20 11:50

US Army withheld promise from Germany that Ebola virus wouldn't be weaponized

The United States has withheld assurances from Germany that the Ebola virus - among other related diseases - would not be weaponized in the event of Germany exporting it to the US Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases.

German MFA Deputy Head of Division for Export Control Markus Klinger provided a paper to the US consulate's Economics Office (Econoff), "seeking additional assurances related to a proposed export of extremely dangerous pathogens."

Germany subsequently made two follow-up requests and clarifications to the Army, according to the unclassified Wikileaks cable.

"This matter concerns the complete genome of viruses such as the Zaire Ebola virus, the Lake Victoria Marburg virus, the Machupo virus and the Lassa virus, which are absolutely among the most dangerous pathogens in the world," the request notes.

The Zaire Ebola virus was the same strain of Ebola virus which has been rampaging through West Africa in recent months.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Too late! The US created a weaponized Ebola back in the 1980s. The vaccines being tested at Kenema were to protect the "good" people from infection using an attenuated virus but may have reverted back to full potency in vitro, as has happened with other attenuated virus vaccines.

Oct 20 07:51

The Ebola could have escaped from US bio-warfare labs

Is Ebola virus a GMO? Why does it spread so quickly and travel such great distances? What’s going on in the bio-warfare laboratories that the United States have set in West Africa? And most importantly. Are we being told the truth about Ebola? The leading American law professor Francis A. Boyle, answers questions for tvxs.gr and reveals that USA have been using West Africa as an offshore to circumvent the Convention on Biological Weapons and do bio-warfare work.

Oct 20 07:43

Mad Scientists at Kenema Unleash Ebola Epidemic

I presented the case for the Kemena bio-lab as the source of spreading the Ebola outbreak in Saturday’s post, and I had to circle back and debunk the debunkers. It states on the hospital consortium’s own website that it is involved in research on lethal diseases at Kenema. The trump card, or the rest of the story, is in this post.

Indeed, starting in January, the consortium running the Kenema lab inked a $140 million deal with Department of Defense and a pharma company called Tekmira to conduct Phase I Ebola vaccine trails at Kenema on humans [see "Tekmira Doses First Subject in Human Clinical Trial of TKM-Ebola" press release].

The information provided begs the question: Where did they get the human subjects?

Oct 19 08:04

101st Airborne Won’t Get Full Protective Hazmat Suits for Ebola Mission in West Africa

Troops from the 101st Airborne Division leading the military response to Ebola in West Africa will only need gloves and masks to protect themselves from the deadly virus, so said Gen. David Rodriguez at a Pentagon briefing Wednesday.

“They don’t need the whole suit – as such – because they’re not going to be in contact with any of the people,” the commander of U.S. troops in Africa said.

Oct 19 07:12

General: US Troops Who Contract Ebola Will Be Quarantined in Liberia

If any American soldiers in Liberia contract the deadly Ebola virus, they will be quarantined, stabilized, and evacuated to a medical facility for treatment, said the Ebola mission commander, adding that the U.S. military hospitals that will admit potentially infected troops have not yet been identified.

Oct 17 09:12

U.S. Soldiers Get Just Four Hours of Ebola Training

As the U.S. military rushes to combat Ebola in West Africa, soldiers are receiving on-the-fly instructions on how to protect themselves against the deadly virus.

American military operations to fight Ebola in Africa are unfolding quickly—forcing the military to come up with some procedures and protocols on the fly.

Soldiers preparing for deployment to West Africa are given just four hours of Ebola-related training before leaving to combat the epidemic. And the first 500 soldiers to arrive have been holing up in Liberian hotels and government facilities while the military builds longer-term infrastructure on the ground.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Yep, it's an invasion, not a rescue!

Oct 17 07:37

WHO Sounds The Alarm On Ebola: 'The Situation Is Deteriorating'

While the US is panicking about three Ebola cases in one month, parts of West Africa are deteriorating rapidly, with little sign that the region is getting the outbreak under control.

Ebola has hit Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone the hardest because these countries don't have healthcare systems that are equipped to handle the disease.

Nurses at hospitals in these countries are "lightly trained and minimally protected" and Ebola patients are dying "surrounded by pools of infectious waste," according to a report in The New York Times.

Some hospitals don't have access to running water, soap, and clean needles, which are all crucial to controlling and preventing further spread of disease.

Oct 17 07:19

Worst Ebola epidemic in history LIVE UPDATES

13:48 GMT:

UN document admits WHO badly fumbled response to Ebola, say top officials unaware of severity. (AP)

Oct 17 07:18

Nano-silver in Sierra Leone

“This Works! People are getting better.”

Hon. Alpha Kanu, Minister of Information, Republic of Sierra Leone

Oct 17 07:17

Sierra Leonean minister advocates use of new drug to treat Ebola

Sierra Leone`s Information Minister, Alpha Kanu has said the controversial Ebola treatment solution, Nano Silver, does not need any approval by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and that Sierra Leone was considering using it to treat Ebola patients.
Nano Silver is a natural solution-based treatment therapy. While it is not specifically made for Ebola but its proponents say it slows down the development of the virus. However, those opposed to it say it is unsafe.

Sierra Leone has been awaiting an assessment of a batch of the solution.

Kanu, a chemist by training, has been a fervent supporter of the idea of deploying any treatment that can help alleviate the suffering of infected Ebola patients.

The US FDA is known to be vehemently opposed to the use of the drug which it considers as a fertilizer.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

And yet the FDA does approve the use of a patented adaptation of nano-silver as a burn therapy! The FDA is not protecting the public. They are protecting the profits of the big pharmaceutical corporations.

Oct 17 07:12

Africa stems Ebola via border closings, luck

Health officials battling the Ebola outbreak that has killed more than 4,500 people in West Africa have managed to limit its spread on the continent to five countries - and two of them appear to have snuffed out the disease.

The developments constitute a modest success in an otherwise bleak situation.

Oct 16 15:23

Obama may call on reserves to deal with Ebola in Africa

President Obama has issued an executive order allowing the Pentagon to call up reserve troops to combat the Ebola crisis in Africa.

Obama notified Congress of his order Thursday. It reads: "I hereby determine that it is necessary to augment the active Armed Forces of the United States for the effective conduct of Operation United Assistance, which is providing support to civilian-led humanitarian assistance and consequence management support related to the Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa.

The Pentagon is identifying gaps that active-duty troops cannot fill, said a Defense Department official who was not authorized to speak publicly about the issue. Among the specialists that might be tapped: technical engineering, communication systems, logisticians, comptrollers and religious specialists.

All reservists called to duty will be given proper training and medical-threat briefings, the official said.

Oct 16 15:22

White House rejects calls for Ebola travel ban

Warning that Americans are losing faith in their government's ability to stop Ebola, Republican lawmakers on Thursday pressed for a ban on travel to the U.S. from the West African outbreak zone. The White House resisted the idea and tried to tamp down fear as the pool of Americans being monitored expanded.

Oct 16 10:51

An Egyptian Intervention in Libya

Two Egyptian officials claimed the country’s warplanes had begun bombing positions in Benghazi, the second-largest city in neighboring Libya, on Wednesday, in an attempt to wrest control of the city from the Ansar-al-Sharia Islamist militia. The mission, which will be led by Libyan pilots, marks the highest-profile collaboration between the two North African countries, both of which are beset by instability, since they experienced simultaneous Arab Spring revolutions in 2011. The Egyptian government has officially denied the news.

According to the Associated Press, the mission is slated to last three to six months and will “eventually involve Libyan ground troops recently trained by Egyptian forces.”

Webmaster's Commentary: 

The instability in Libya is directly tied to the US/NATO-led overthrow of Gaddafi, and the return to a private central bank.

The Libyan people are tired of foreign interventionism to control who gets its oil, and in what denomination that oil is sold.

Oct 16 09:01

Obama May Send National Guard to Liberia to Fight Ebola: Sources

President Barack Obama is expected to issue an executive order Thursday paving the way for the deployment of National Guard forces to Liberia to help contain the Ebola outbreak there, sources told NBC News.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

That is not a rescue, that is an invasion!

And keep in mind that it was deploying US troops that carried the 1918 pandemic from Camp Funston to every corner of the globe!

Oct 16 06:18

US Embassies in Ebola-Stricken Countries Are Still Processing Visas for Non-US Citizens

Despite the outbreak of Ebola, it is still possible to get a visa from the three West African countries at the heart of the outbreak, and a key congressman is demanding to know why.

Oct 14 08:52

Some Ebola-Stricken African Families Pay Bribes for Fake Death Records

Some of the teams sent to retrieve bodies of suspected Ebola victims here are collecting cash instead, allegedly accepting bribes to issue death certificates to families saying their loved ones died of other causes and leaving the body, locals and health workers say.

It is a troubling development for an outbreak in which dead bodies are a major source of contagion and one that suggests local corruption could help undermine the international effort to contain the virus.

Oct 14 08:50

Soldier gets Ebola but is not among peacekeepers

A Sierra Leone soldier has tested positive for Ebola but he is not a member of a battalion set to deploy to Somalia as part of an African Union peacekeeping mission, a government spokesman said Tuesday.

The troops' mission will be to protect the Somali government and fight al-Shabab militants. Their deployment was put on hold this summer when an Ebola outbreak in West Africa spiraled out of control. The soldiers were isolated to allay concerns they might bring Ebola into Somalia. Their deployment suspension was lifted in recent days, an AU official in Somalia said.

Oct 11 07:57

Ottawa urging Canadians in three Ebola-ravaged West African countries to leave

Ottawa is urging any Canadians living in Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia to leave the Ebola-ravaged countries while they still can, warning that the government cannot guarantee it would be able to evacuate expatriates who fall ill in West Africa.

Oct 11 07:56

British doctors and soldiers will not be guaranteed return to UK if they contract Ebola

British doctors, nurses and soldiers sent to fight the Ebola outbreak in West Africa will not automatically be brought back to the UK for treatment if they are infected with the virus.

A total of 750 British troops are being sent to Sierra Leone to tackle the Ebola outbreak, along with hundreds of NHS volunteers who responded to an appeal from the Chief Medical Officer, Prof Dame Sally Davies.

Oct 09 06:03

Pentagon: 100 US Marines heading to Liberia

The Pentagon says 100 U.S. Marines will go to Liberia on Thursday with helicopters and other transportation to help the military get to locations around the country and help with the Ebola fight.

The Pentagon press secretary, Navy Rear Adm. John Kirby, says the Marines are part of a special air-ground task force out of Spain.

Oct 09 05:57

While we wait on Ebola

Travel bans and quarantines will never seal a country completely. Even if travel could be reduced by 80 per cent, public health models predict that new transmissions would be delayed only by a few weeks. Worse, it could drive an increase in the number of cases at the source. It would prevent help and assistance from reaching affected countries. The local economy and health systems would further collapse, causing a far wider spread of Ebola.

The international response, disappointingly, has been contemptible and laced with racist undertones. Yet our safety on a global level is best served by stopping the epidemic at its source. A belief that the virus is being spread by locals' ignorance of the disease is unwarranted. Rather, the virus inserts itself in a cruel way into people's lives and families.

Oct 09 05:55

Fear of Ebola could have “catastrophic” economic costs, World Bank predicts

A report issued Wednesday by the World Bank forecasts that the total economic impact of Ebola could exceed $32 billion by the end of 2015 if the virus spreads from Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone to neighboring countries.

That single dollar amount doesn't fully convey the extraordinary human toll of a virus that kills four in five of its victims and could infect as many 1.4 million people by January. Yet the World Bank's estimate is a reminder that sickness and death are only part of what could be a developing regional crisis.

Oct 09 05:52

Majority of Americans Want Flights Banned From Ebola Countries: Survey

A majority of Americans support banning all flights to the United States from countries experiencing an Ebola outbreak, an exclusive NBC News online survey reveals.

The survey, which was conducted by SurveyMonkey and then weighted for age, race, sex, education and region to match U.S. Census data, found that 58 percent of Americans want a ban on incoming flights from West African countries hardest hit by the virus, such as Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone. Twenty percent of respondents opposed a travel ban, and the rest said they didn’t know.

Oct 08 11:53

World Bank issues dire warning about Ebola's economic impact

The economic impact of the Ebola epidemic could reach $32.6 billion by the end of next year if the disease ravaging Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone spreads to neighboring countries in West Africa, the World Bank Group said Wednesday.

Oct 08 07:50

The West Is Partly Responsible for the Ebola Crisis In Africa

The U.S. Backed the Dictators Whose Warmongering Destroyed the Healthcare System

Oct 08 07:35

CNN: Inside Liberia's Ebola crisis

No audio because this was recorded at a Starbucks. Of particular interest is the scam nature of this video, which is most clearly shown at the end where a kid, supposedly dying of "Ebola" obviously falls down in the most incredibly fake acting job ever. Though there is no audio, the scam nature of this video is perfectly preserved.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

CNN has yanked the video from their website.

Oct 07 11:56

Defense Department Admits US Troops In Liberia Will "Come In Contact" With Ebola-Infected Individuals

With boots-on-the-ground heading to Liberia to help 'manage' the anarchic dystopia that a frightened nation has become, General David Rodriguez (Commander, US Africa Command) held a briefing today to explain US troops' role:

QUESTION: Will they be in contact with individuals or just specimens?
RODRIGUEZ: They come in contact with the individuals.

Of course this was followed by a stream of qualifiers that all protection possible will be taken (just like the nurses in Madrid?)

Oct 07 11:04

Countries warn of risk of war as new Nile treaty delays

Countries that share the Nile waters on Monday warned that the region could go to war unless a new treaty on the use of the Nile waters is drawn up.

Nile Basin countries have increased pressure on Egypt to get back to the negotiating table for discussions on how the waters of the world’s longest river can be used.

On Monday, participants gathered at Nairobi’s InterContinental Hotel for the Fourth Nile Basin Development Forum warned the region might face conflicts over water in future if a new agreement is not reached.

“We are hoping that cooperation around the Nile is going to increase security and stability. The key words are equitable and responsible use of the Nile resources.

“That is the only way we can do this peacefully. Otherwise if we don’t do it, we are going to be at war because of water,” Prof Judi Wakhungu, the Environment, Water and Natural Resources Cabinet Secretary said.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Let us hope that these negotiations go responsibly and smoothly.

IF not, the world may well have another war zone on its hands, and THAT...could get very messy indeed.

Oct 06 11:41

Obama Threatens More Sanctions Against Zimbabwe Over Russian-Platinum Deal

As Martin Armstrong exclaims, Obama is out of control. According to NewZimbabwe.com, Washington has said it will accelerate sanctions imposed against Harare in 2003, due to the Robert Mugabe-led government's closer ties with Russia over the US$3 billion Darwendale platinum project. Herald columnist Nathaniel Manheru (who is thought to be Mugabe's spokesman), reported, Washington explained its expectations on Zimbabwe, namely that Zimbabwe was expected (read required) to support those sanctions by avoiding any association with companies sanctioned by the Americans and their Western allies, or their subsidiaries or affiliates. Manheru said "it was ridiculous for the US to refuse to lift sanctions against Harare and then demand support for its measures against Moscow... This is where I am tempted to tell the American government to go and hang, hang on a banana tree, bums up."

Webmaster's Commentary: 

"Well, looks like we just found ISIS is Zimbabwe, if you understand what i mean!" -- Official White Horse Souse

Oct 06 09:37

Generals blast Obama's order of troops to fight Ebola

Two retired U.S. Army generals have blasted President Barack Obama’s decision to send U.S. troops to West Africa to battle the Ebola virus epidemic, saying the military is to fight wars, not disease.

Oct 05 07:14

U.S. Patient Aided Pregnant Liberian, Then Took Ill

In a sign of how furiously the disease can spread, an ambulance had come to their house on Wednesday to pick up Sonny Boy. Another ambulance picked up a woman and her daughter from the same area, and a team of body collectors came to retrieve the body of yet another woman — all four appeared to have been infected in a chain reaction started by Marthalene Williams.

A few minutes after the ambulance left, the parents got a call telling them that Sonny Boy had died on the way to the hospital.

Oct 04 11:09

CDC chief on Ebola: We can’t shut the border

Tom Frieden, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, on Friday said restricting travel between the U.S. and West Africa would likely “backfire” and put Americans more at risk of contracting Ebola.

Appearing on MSNBC, Frieden was asked about potentially prohibiting air travel between the U.S. and West Africa, where the Ebola outbreak is most widespread. He said that such a restriction would likely be ineffective and would make it harder for health officials to root out the virus.

“The only way we’re going to get to zero risk is by stopping the outbreak at the source” in West Africa, Frieden said.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Stopping the outbreak at the source sounds great; but do we leave US citizens hostage to more ebola infections in the meanwhile?!?

Because by not stopping flights out of some of the most hard hit countries in Africa, that is precisely what this government is doing.

I do not know if this is standard US governmental incompetence, or something else.

But I do know one thing: if there is one more ebola infection confirmed in the US, this man needs to be sacked and immediately.

Oct 04 07:35

LDS missionaries evacuated due to Ebola outbreak safely underway to new assignments

All LDS missionaries serving in the epicenter of the Ebola outbreak in west Africa have safely left Sierra Leone and Liberia, according to an update released Wednesday by the church.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints announced Friday that it was evacuating 274 missionaries serving in those two nations. The missionaries are being transferred to new assignments in other countries.

The update said many of the missionaries will be traveling over the next few days and will call their families when they arrive in their new locations.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

WITHOUT A 21 DAY QUARANTINE FIRST?!?

Are they out of their minds?!? With 274 Missionaries, there is a good chance one or more might be infected, and remember that the standard Ebola test won't show an infection until the patients have actually been symptomatic for three days or more!

According to this article, two of the missionaries died from the disease!

Now in this case they lucked out because it has been more than 21 days, but someone was taking a heck of a reckless chance!

The list of current LDS Missions includes Canada and the US!

Oct 03 12:58

US sending 1,000 more troops to fight Ebola

The Pentagon is sending as many as 1,000 more troops to Africa to help fight the Ebola virus.

The troops are being sent on top of the 3,000 President Obama has already ordered to help efforts in West Africa.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Somehow I don;t think those troops are there to deal with a virus, or they would be operating HERE in Dallas, DC, Utah, etc.

Sep 30 15:45

Local Media: Sierra Leone Government Cannot Account for More than 1,000 Ebola Patients

Sierra Leone's largest newspaper, the Awareness Times, is reporting with alarm that at least 1,028 Ebola patients appear to be missing in the country, as official Ministry of Health statistics account for a smaller number of combined victims and survivors of the disease than the total number of registered cases.

Sep 30 09:31

US AFRICOM to establish its own Air Command

Come the start of October US Air Forces Africa will be activated and given the designation of the 17th Air Force.

This announcement was made at Ramstein Air Base in Germany by General William Ward, Commander of US Africa Command (Africom).

Welcoming the US Air Forces Africa to Africom he said it was a major undertaking involving hard work to establish a new air force service component command from the ground up.

The airborne component of Africom, Ward said, will have the same mission. That is to In concert with other US Government agencies and international partners, conduct sustained security engagement through military to military programmes, military sponsored activities and other military operations as directed to promote a stable and more secure African environment in support of US foreign policy.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

This is simply about determining who gets Africa's vast natural resources, and assuring that those resources will only be sold in US dollars.

Sep 30 08:29

Ebola-stricken Liberia is descending into economic hell

Liberia, the West African nation hardest it by Ebola, has begun a frightening descent into economic hell.

That’s the import of three recent reports from international organizations that seem to bear out the worst-case scenarios of months ago: that people would abandon the fields and factories, that food and fuel would become scarce and unaffordable, and that the government’s already meager capacity to help, along with the nation’s prospects for a better future, would be severely compromised.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Agenda 21? NSS memorandum 200? Just bad luck?

Aug 09 10:03

National Security Study 200

SUBJECT: Implications of Worldwide Population Growth for U.S. Security and Overseas Interests

The President has directed a study of the impact of world population growth on U.S. security and overseas interests. The study should look forward at least until the year 2000, and use several alternative reasonable projections of population growth.

In terms of each projection, the study should assess:

- the corresponding pace of development, especially in poorer-countries;
- the demand for US exports, especially of food, and the trade-problems the US may face arising from competition for resources; and
- the likelihood that population growth or imbalances will produce disruptive foreign policies and international instability.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

As Ebola races across Africa, it appears that the United States Government's attitude towards the crisis is rather lackadaisical at this point. Certainly it is being treated as a lower priority than sheltering the illegal immigrants flooding across the Mexican border (who given enough time, will bring Ebola with them), providing weapons and money to Israel, and trying to provoke a potentially nuclear war with Russia.

The US Government's inaction could be attributed to the fact that the politicians can;t really do anything about it, cannot get votes out of it, and so, like with Fukushima and the Gulf Oil Disaster, their plan is to ignore Ebola and pretend it just is not important.

But there may be another agenda at work; one that dates back to the Nixon Administration. In 1974, Henry Kissenger prepared a study for the President which suggested US Government policy should work for depopulation of the third world, in particular the resource-rich regions, to make those resources available to the US and to prevent the rise of a sufficiently large population able to resist US incursions.

Nixon adopted this policy, but his successor, Gerald Ford, alarmed by scandals involving covert sterilization under the guise of global vaccination programs, ended the policy. Whether it has been revived in secret is not known.

But there is no question that an Ebola epidemic, raging through the very nations the US AFRICOM is seeking ton control, plays right into that agenda of depopulation to reduce nations' ability to resist US control, and that may be the reason the US Government has done little more about the emerging Ebola crisis than flap their gums for the corporate media cameras!

Apr 04 12:25

School Children Forced To Participate In Kony 2012 Activism

A Colorado father reveals an effort to indoctrinate children by forcing them to watch Kony 2012 and write the US Senate in support of the campaign.

Mar 14 05:30

KONY 2012 Psy-Op Collapsing

Invisible Children disables comments on viral propaganda video + meet the real Joseph Kony.

Tony Cartalucci, Contributing Writer
Activist Post

As the US State Department, USAID-centric Invisible Children psy-op KONY 2012 collapses, Invisible Children has disabled comments on their viral YouTube video.

When last checked, negative comments were voted to the top and a cascading effect of skepticism as well as damning facts began drowning out the initial confusion, sympathy, and emotional knee-jerk support the propaganda video purposefully created and preyed upon...

Dec 10 07:09

Halliburton may pay $500 million to keep Cheney out of prison: report

Oilfield services company Halliburton is in negotiations with the Nigerian government to keep its former CEO, Dick Cheney, out of prison, according to a news report.

Sources inside Nigeria's Economic and Financial Crimes Commission told GlobalPost this week that a settlement keeping the charges against Cheney out of court could cost as much as $500 million.

Dec 01 23:16

THE UNITED STATES HAS LONG SUPPORTED BRUTAL REGIMES AROUND THE WORLD: PROF. ROBERT JENSEN

There is nothing unusual about the U.S. government backing nations that engage in crimes and abuses of power; the United States has long supported corrupt and brutal regimes around the world. U.S. policymakers don’t make decisions based on humanitarian grounds. They want to extend and deepen, or at least maintain U.S. power, and those policymakers believe Israel is useful in that regard......Prof. Robert Jensen

Nov 29 06:37

FEDS PLANT INERT BOMB IN PORTLAND BEFORE ARRESTING MUSLIM MAN

Tim King Salem-News.com

The feds sound like they took this guy by the hand and somehow became the "terrorists" he was working with. In fact from the various media accounts, there doesn't seem to be proof that this man ever talked to any actual "terrorists" except the FBI.

Nov 28 21:38

HOW 250,000 US EMBASSY CABLES WERE LEAKED

An innocuous-looking memory stick, no longer than a couple of fingernails, came into the hands of a Guardian reporter earlier this year. The device is so small it will hang easily on a keyring. But its contents will send shockwaves through the world’s chancelleries and deliver what one official described as “an epic blow” to US diplomacy. The 1.6 gigabytes of text files on the memory stick ran to millions of words: the contents of more than 250,000 leaked state department cables, sent from, or to, US embassies around the world.

Nov 15 07:57

ROAD TO HOPE (R2H) CONVOY MEMBERS KIDNAPPED FROM LIBYA TO GREECE

Road to Hope (R2H) convoy members kidnapped from Libya to Greece Greek Commandos board Strofades IV in Greek Waters The Road to Hope humanitarian aid convoy left London on the 10th of October with £500,000 of medical aid for the besieged people of the Gaza Strip. After travelling 4,500 miles through the UK, France, Spain, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya.

Nov 10 10:00

Somalia's al-Shabaab 'youth movement' becoming 'strongest Al Qaeda force we have on the planet

The Obama administration put Somali shipments on the no-fly list Monday, declaring the war-torn country's militants a direct threat to the U.S. homeland.

"The ban on air cargo from Yemen will continue and has been extended to all air cargo from Somalia as well," Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano said.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Memo to Homeland Security Secretary Napolitano: the fastest way to deflate any possibility of any threat or attack against the US or its assets abroad is to stop mucking about with other peoples' countries1

Nov 06 05:36

WH announces $10 billion in trade deals with India

MUMBAI, India — President Barack Obama is announcing $10 billion in trade deals with India that are expected to help pay for 54,000 U.S. jobs.

He's also unveiling new export rules to make it easier for U.S. companies to do business with the nation of 1.2 billion people.

Nov 03 16:42

YOU GET THE TRUTH ONLY FROM ‘FORMER’ OFFICIALS’ – DR. BOUTHAINA SHABAAN

Part of the tragedies of the peoples of Palestine, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Somalia, and the dangers threatening Iran, Sudan and Yemen, is caused by the cowardice of leaders and their succumbing to the dictates and temptation of Zionist money and the blackmail of Israeli media and not responding to their human conscience and the interests of their nations which they are supposed to represent.

Oct 28 10:54

US ramps up civilian task force in Sudan in preparation for referendum

Southern Sudan produces 480,000 barrels-a-day of oil and if an agreement on sharing the wealth is not amicably resolved with the north the country could return to the civil war that ended in 2005 after 21 years and the loss of almost two million lives.

The Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Rowan Williams, warned earlier this month that the world risked "sleepwalking" into a humanitarian disaster as the referendum could lead four million southerners living in the north being forced out.

The Civilian Response Corps has a budget of $100 million and employs a core of 300 people with another 1,000 on standby for operations. It was set up in 2008 with the aim to work alongside the military to stabilise war-torn countries and rebuild nations

Webmaster's Commentary: 

As reported at on 1 October 2010 at:

http://www.homelandsecurity.org/bulletin/101001.htm

"Energy Dept. Joins Civilian Response Corps The Department of Energy has joined the Civilian Response Corps, the U.S. Government’s expeditionary, interagency civilian force dedicated to conflict prevention, response, and peacebuilding. (See the July 18, 2008, newsletter.) The Energy Department joins the U.S. Agency for International Development and the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Justice, and State in the corps to respond to complex crises in countries and regions critical to our national security. "

Make no mistake here: US involvement is all about the oil, and how to extract the maximum amount of it, no matter how this referendum comes down.

Oct 22 12:11

Why We're Losing the War of Terror, er, I mean "on Terror"

Everyone knows that only Muslim-lovers and left-wing peaceniks want to stop the wars in Afghanistan and other Muslim countries, that terrorism is caused by Muslim ideology, and that we're fighting them "over there" so we don't have to fight them here.

Right?

In fact, as University of Chicago professor Robert A. Pape - who specializes in international security affairs - points out:
Extensive research into the causes of suicide terrorism proves Islam isn't to blame -- the root of the problem is foreign military occupations.

Wait, what? That can't be right!

But as Pape explains:

n/a
Oct 14 22:28

Somalia’s New American Prime Minister

From Mogadishu to Buffalo is quite a long trip, but Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, the new Prime Minister of Somalia went from Mogadishu to Buffalo and back again, having held positions in the local government of Buffalo, New York before his latest appointment.

Oct 13 10:25

Uganda, America’s Pit Bull, Wants to Lead a Larger War in Somalia

Museveni is already scheduled to get thousands of reinforcements and money for his troops in Somalia, paid for by the Americans and Europeans. There is plenty of military business for Uganda, which acts as a hit man and enforcer for neocolonialism in Africa.

So what is Uganda's Museveni up to, with his saber-rattling?

Museveni is making big war talk in Somalia to call attention to his ongoing service to U.S. policy in Africa. He is telling the top gangsters in Washington that the hit man still has value; that the hired killer deserves his proper respect.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Look at a map:

http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/africa/so.htm

Proxy control of Somalia by Ugandan forces would mean control of the Gulf of Aden, and some areas off the Indian Ocean.

Oct 07 08:54

UN Eyes Proposal to Fund Massive Somalia Escalation

According to Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, the UN Security Council is studying his government’s proposal to provide some 20,000 additional troops for the Somalia occupation. The escalation of the African Union-backed war would be conditional on finding funding from abroad.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

Control of Somalia puts certain Western interests (read: the US) in control of sections of the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.

This war has absolutely nothing to do with the welfare of the Somalian people and everything to do with control over logistics and resources.

Oct 04 08:01

Obama’s Congo Moment: Genocide, the U.N. Report and Senate Bill 2125

Few Americans realize that the Rwandan and Ugandan armies are armed and trained by the U.S. or that the U.S. military uses both countries as staging grounds, but they may learn about it now.

Few realize either that the sole piece of legislation that President Obama shepherded into law on his own, as a Senator, was S.B. 2125, the Obama Democratic Republic of the Congo Relief, Security, and Democracy Promotion Act of 2006, in which, in Section 101(3), he quoted USAID:

Given its size, population, and resources, the Congo is an important player in Africa and of long-term interest to the United States.”

Oct 02 21:13

False Flag flies over Nigeria

Nigeria would be a success story, if it was not for the CIA and other trouble makers.

Oct 02 08:19

UK VIPs pulled out ahead of deadly Nigeria parade

UK dignitaries pulled out of Friday's parade marking Nigeria's 50th anniversary, which was targeted by explosions that killed 12 people.

The Queen's representative, the Duke of Gloucester, was scheduled to attend but did not. Ex-PM Gordon Brown cancelled his visit to the country altogether.

The pullouts have raised questions about how much the Nigerian authorities knew of impending attacks.

Sep 28 19:59

Peace might upend wealth of Israelis - Jonathan Cook

Hundreds of businesses serving the settlers are booming in the 60 per cent of the West Bank, the so-called Area C, which falls under Israel’s full control. The real estate and construction industries, in particular, benefit from cut-price land – and increased profits – made available by theft from Palestinian owners.

Sep 25 20:21

International Law Expert: Ahmadinejad is Right about 9/11!

An international lawyer says many now question the truth behind the 9/11 attacks, and that American citizens are demanding an international probe into the incident. Source: Press TV “Ahmadinejad is absolutely rational and correct on this, that the American people are now coming to the point of demanding an international inquiry (into the 9/11

Sep 25 19:25

The Terrorism Fraud - Philip Giraldi

The reader must decide if the terrorism “threat” justifies spending a trillion dollars a year while waging an unending war on multiple foreign battlefronts. And then there are all the American soldiers and local inhabitants who have to die in the process of making the homeland “safe” while the homeland itself becomes increasingly a draconian national security state

Sep 24 11:24

Make Bono history

There was a humdinger of a story about Bono in the New York Post earlier this week that the Mail has picked up on this morning. According to the Post, Bono’s anti-poverty ONE foundation received $14,993,873 in donations from philanthropists in 2008, of which just $184,732 was distributed to three charities. (ONE is an “advocacy organisation” whose main purpose is to change policies, not support charities, it says.) So what happened to the rest? More than $8 million was spent on executive and employee salaries.

Sep 21 23:56

Promising Northwest Africa al-Qaeda Franchise Claims French Kidnappings

These guys are opening up shop as quickly and with reckless abandon as if they were the new Starbucks! Remember, this bogeyman of the mid-east, so hated and feared by all, is named after going to the toilet in Arabic - "Ana raicha al Qaeda" is colloquial slang for "I'm going to the toilet".

Sep 21 09:57

Israeli-linked organ dealers busted in South Africa's largest healthcare firm

The police said that wealthy Israelis paid organ dealers between 2001 and 2003, the year when the ring was exposed, the German Press Agency (DPA) reported.

"Israeli citizens in need of kidney transplants would be brought to South Africa for transplants at St. Augustine's Hospital," read the charge sheet.

"They paid kidney suppliers for these operations. [The kidneys] were initially sourced from Israeli citizens, but later Romanian and Brazilian citizens were recruited as their kidneys were obtainable at a much lower cost than those of the Israeli suppliers," it added.

Sep 19 09:30

Israeli-linked organ dealers busted

The South African government said that the head of the Netcare company and a director of the St. Augustine's Hospital in Durban, Richard Friedland, had been aware of illegal kidney trade at the hospital, but "nevertheless permitted these operations" to take place, South African daily The Times reported on Wednesday.

The police said that wealthy Israelis paid organ dealers between 2001 and 2003, the year when the ring was exposed, the German Press Agency (DPA) reported.

Sep 18 21:12

JAMES PETRAS: IMPERIALISM AND IMPERIAL BARBARISM

Excerpts from Petras thesis:

Imperialism, its character, means and ends has changed over time and place.

Under pressure from nationalist and socialist anti-imperialist movements and regimes, colonial structured empires gave way to new nationalist regimes. Some of which restructured their economies, diversifying their productive systems and trading partners.

Sep 13 09:17

India joins 'neocolonial' rush for Africa's land and labour

India, once the colonial jewel of Britain's empire, has been accused of 'neo-colonialism' in Africa where its business people have joined a race with China, Saudi Arabia and elsewhere to buy up agricultural estates and take advantage of cheap labour.

Indian farming companies have bought hundreds of thousands of hectares in Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Senegal and Mozambique, where they are growing rice, sugar cane, maize and lentils for their own domestic market back in India.

Aug 28 16:38

Kulula : An Airline With A Sense Of Humor

An Airline With A Sense Of Humor
Posted on August 28, 2010 by Steve
You have seen these pictures, but be sure to read the announcements.
Must see the Pics!
Kulula is a low-cost South-African airline that doesn’t take itself too seriously. Its head office is situated in Johannesburg. Kulula airline attendants make an effort to make the in-flight “safety lecture” and announcements a bit more entertaining. Here are some real examples that have been heard or reported:

Aug 28 10:36

At Least 115 Killed in Several Days of Mogadishu Fighting

Local media outlets are reporting that the Ethiopian military has returned to Somalia and fought alongside troops loyal to the self-proclaimed Somali “government” against al-Shabaab militants.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

As reported at:

http://www.indexmundi.com/somalia/natural_resources.html

Somalia Natural resources:

"uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves "

It is because of this that the US is fighting a proxy war for control of these resources, combined with Somalia's geographical significance, bordering both the Gulf of Aden and the Indian ocean

Aug 21 10:24

U.S. Military Intervention in Africa: The New Blueprint for Global Domination

The U.S. has a long history of foreign intervention and long ago perfected the art of gaining access to other countries’ natural, human, and capital resource markets through the use of foreign trade policy initiatives, international law, diplomacy, and, when all else fails, military intervention. Typically and historically, diplomatic efforts have largely been sufficient for the U.S. to establish itself as a player in other nations’ politics and economies. While U.S. intervention in Africa is nothing new, the way the U.S. is going about the intervention features a new method that is being implemented across the globe.

Aug 21 09:44

Violence erupts as Zuma orders police to crush national strike

South Africa's schools and hospitals were transformed into battlegrounds yesterday as a nationwide strike escalated into a sometimes violent test of strength between the government and unions.

Public-sector unions have launched an indefinite strike demanding an 8.6 per cent pay rise, which the government has insisted the debt-stricken country cannot afford. The struggle could be critical to the future of President Jacob Zuma as well as damaging for sub-Saharan Africa's largest economy.

Webmaster's Commentary: 

From the ending of the apartheid era here, the promises the ANC has made to the people of South Africa have never, ever come close to reality for people here, and they are understandably angry.

The corruption, and the yawning gap between the haves and have nots here is getting worse by the day, and may very well end in a complete revolt against the government.

If Zuma feels that the only thing left for him to do now is stamp down on his people with further oppression, and is successful in this effort, we may well see the situation here devolve to the kind of governmental disfunction you see with Zimbabwe.

Aug 13 22:39

Dr. Bouthaina Shabaan: Supporting the Wrong Side

The American people does not deserve that their government supports the wrong side, once more, while they pay the price with their blood, credibility and reputation. It should support those fighting for freedom and peace not those who promote racism, occupation and terrorism.

Aug 11 16:34

Children are just Israel’s latest victims

Mya Guarnieri
Israel’s plan to deport the children of foreign workers is yet another reminder of the state’s ongoing inhumanity

Aug 11 16:31

Gaza, Soweto and African American Thought: A Message of Enlightenment

Bishop Donald R. Corder
Camel jockeys, sand niggers and rag heads is employed in the dehumanization of an honorable Arab people not unlike newsreels propagating the barbarous depiction of the Japanese and their subsequent internment in US concentration camps during WW II prior to America’s dropping the bomb.

Aug 11 04:14

Intifada Palestine Wish you a Blessed Ramadan

Both God’s blessing and his generosity are best exemplified this month, as giving alms to the poor, suppressing greed and lust, along with feeling for suffering of the other all dominate interaction between people, bringing out the finest in both men and women.
The Intifada Palestine Team

Aug 10 08:13

The 'Blood Diamond' Hoax, Liberia as a Parlor Game and You

In this faux-morality play, everyone has an assigned role:

•Cover-seeking panjandrums of the diamond industry—egged on by the canny PR spinners at DeBeers. The latter's main interest is in eliminating independent diamond production.

Aug 09 13:00

Intentional land management, Mapping Africa’s Bush Fires

Mapping Africa’s Bush Fires
Posted on Sep 12 2009 by Bill Zimmerman
From NASA’s Earth Observatory website:
Season after season, year after year, people set fire to African landscapes to create and maintain farmland and grazing areas. People use fire to keep less desirable plants from invading crop or rangeland, to drive grazing animals away from areas more desirable for farming, to remove crop stubble and return nutrients to the soil, and to convert natural ecosystems to agricultural land. The burning area shifts from north to south over the course of the year, in step with the coming and going of Africa’s rainy and dry seasons.

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