The triumph was total in the "splendid little war" that had cost one U.S. casualty. Or so it seemed. Yet, last month, the war against the Taliban entered its eighth year, the second longest war in our history, and America and NATO have never been nearer to strategic defeat.
America, without debate, is about to invest blood and treasure, indefinitely, in a war to which no end seems remotely in sight, if the commanding general is talking about four years at least and the now-and-future war minister is talking about four decades.
Unfortunately, without a full complement of military troops, put at 500,000 soldiers by the US's own military protocol, we cannot win this war.
If the development of military tactics and strategy should have proven anything to those who study military history in the 20th and 21st century, it is that you cannot win what is essentially a ground war from the air.
It is obvious that the lessons from the Viet Nam War have never been learned by either civilian or military leadership of this country.
And those who do not understand history are doomed to repeat it, as we are seeing here in Afghanistan
The Afghani people, the US, and NATO are not the winners here; to date, in this 8 year protracted battle, the only real winners have been the drug dealers and the military contractors.