WHAT REALLY HAPPENED | The History The US Government HOPES You Never Learn!

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April 23

Please forgive the occasional duplicates as this is a compilation from multiple sources.


34 Jesus Christ crucified (according to Isaac Newton).

303 Death of Saint George, Roman soldier and Christian martyr

303 George, knight of Cappadoci?/saint/patron of England, beheaded.

725 Death of Wihtred, King of Kent

871 Death of Ethelred of Wessex

871 Ethelred I, king of Wessex/brother of Alfred the Great, dies.

990 Ekkehart II [Palatinus] monk to St-Gallen/poet, dies.

997 Death of Adalbert of Prague, bishop, patron saint of Bohemia, Poland, Hungary, and Prussia (b. ca. 956

997 Vojtech "Adalbert" of Prague second bishop of Prague/apostle, dies at age 40.

1014 Battle of Clontarf: Brian Boru defeats Viking invaders, but is killed in battle.

1014 Brian Boru king of Ireland, dies in battle at age 87.

1014 Death of Brian Boru, High King of Ireland (killed in battle)

1014 King Brian Boru of Ireland beats Danes at Battle of Clontarf.

1014 Sweyn Forkbeard Viking king of England (1013-14), dies.

1016 Aethelbred II "the Unready" king of England (979-1016), dies.

1016 Death of Ethelred II of England

1124 Death of King Alexander I of Scotland (b. 1078)

1151 Death of Queen Adeliza of England (b. 1103)

1154 Damascus surrenders to sultan Nur ad-Din van Aleppo.

1185 Birth of King Afonso II of Portugal (d. 1223)

1217 Death of King Inge II of Norway (b. 1185)

1343 St. George's Night Uprising

1348 First English order of knighthood founded (Order of the Garter).

1348 The founding of the Order of the Garter by King Edward III of England is announced on St George's Day.

1407 Death of Olivier de Clisson, French soldier (b. 1326)

1416 Blaise/Blasius of Parma Italian astrologist/philosopher/algebra, dies.

1464 Birth of Johanna van Valois Queen of France.

1484 Birth of Julius C?sar Scaliger Italy, scholar (On the Subtlety of Things).

1500 Birth of Alexander Alesius [Aless/Alane] System theologist/physician.

1500 Pedro ?lvarez Cabral lands and annexes Brazil (Terra da Vera Cruz).

1504 King Maximilian I routes troops to Bavaria.

1516 Birth of Georg Fabricius, German poet, historian, and archaeologist (d. 1571)

1521 Battle of Villalar: King Charles I of Spain defeats the Comuneros.

1533 The Church of England annuls the marriage between Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII of England.

1551 Birth of Boris Godunov tsar of Muscovy (1598-1605) in Time of Troubles.

1564 Birth of William Shakespeare, English poet and playwright [uncertain] (d. 1616)

1597 Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance.

1598 Birth of Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp naval commander.

1616 Death of Miguel Cervantes, Spanish author (b. 1547)

1616 Netherlands buys De Briel/Vlissingen/Fort Rammekens from England.

1623 Birth of Jan Adam Reincken composer.

1625 Death of Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange (b. 1567)

1625 Maurice of Nassau Prince of Orange, dies at age 57.

1628 Birth of Johann van Waveren Hudde, Dutch mathematician (d. 1704)

1629 Birth of John Commelin director (Hortus Botanicus, Amsterdam).

1633 Sweden and Protestant German monarchy form Union of Heilbronn.

1635 The first public school in America, Boston Latin School, is founded in Boston, Massachusetts.

1649 Birth of Andreas Kneller composer.

1660 Sweden concludes peace with Poland at Oliva, near Danzig. The Polish king renounces claims on the Swedish throne, and on Livonia. Brandenburg and Austria agree to evacuate Pomerania.

1660 Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland.

1661 King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland is crowned in Westminster Abbey.

1661 King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland is crowned in Westmister Abbey.

1662 Connecticut chartered as an English colony.

1670 Loreto Vittori composer, dies at age 69.

1676 Birth of King Frederick I of Sweden (d. 1751)

1691 Jean-Henri D'Anglebert composer, dies.

1695 Henry Vaughan poet (Silex Scintillans), dies at age 72.

1697 Birth of George Baron Anson British Admiral/explorer.

1702 Death of Margaret Fell, English Quaker leader (b. 1614)

1705 Richard Steele's "Tender Husband", premieres in London.

1708 Birth of Friedrich von Hagedorn German poet (Versuch einiger Poem).

1715 Birth of Johann Friedrich Doles composer.

1720 Birth of Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi (d. 1797)

1723 Cornelis Steenoven elected archbishop of Utrecht.

1725 Birth of Saint Gerard Majella, Catholic|Catholic saint (d. 1755)

1728 Birth of Samuel Wallis explorer (Wallis Island).

1728 Tomas de Torrejon y Velasco composer, dies at age 83.

1732 Cajetan Kolberer composer, dies at age 63.

1735 Birth of Ildephons Haas composer.

1740 Death of Thomas Tickell, English writer (b. 1685)

1740 Thomas Tickell poet, dies.

1742 Mihael Omerza composer, dies at age 62.

1747 Birth of Alexandre-Auguste Robineau composer.

1756 Birth of Alexander Reinagle composer.

1762 Johann Samuel Endler composer, dies at age 67.

1774 Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich painter, dies.

1775 Birth of Joseph Mallord Turner England, landscape painter (Shipwreck).

1775 The opera "Il RT Pastore" is produced (Salzburg).

1781 Death of James Abercrombie, British general (b. 1706)

1786 Alexander Cozens English water colors painter, dies at about age 68.

1789 President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, New York.

1791 Birth of James Buchanan in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania, USA; Federalist/Democrat, 15th US President (1857-61).

1792 Birth of John Thomas Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist (d. 1882)

1792 Death of Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian and adventurer (b. 1741)

1794 Death of Guillaume-ChrTtien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French statesman (executed) (b. 1721)

1795 William Hastings acquitted in England of high treason.

1798 Dutch emperor accepts new Constitution.

1803 Birth of Jules J baron d'Anethan Belgian minister of Justice.

1804 Birth of Guillaume Nerenburger Belgian General (Triangulatie of Belgium).

1805 Birth of Johann Karl Friedrich Rosenkranz, German philosopher (d. 1879)

1809 Birth of Eugene-Prosper Prevost composer.

1810 Birth of Thomas Wright historian.

1812 Birth of Louis-Antoine Julien conductor.

1812 Franz Sebastian Haindl composer, dies at age 85.

1813 Birth of Stephen Arnold Douglas [Little Giant] US Senator (Lincoln debates).

1818 Birth of James Anthony Froude historian.

1821 Birth of Pierre Dupont song writer.

1823 Birth of Abdnl-Medjid 31st sultan of Turkey (1839-61).

1826 Missolonghi captured by Turks.

1827 Birth of Johann F Ritter von Schulte German Catholic lawyer.

1827 Johanna C Wattier-Ziesenis actress (Phaedra/Lady MacBeth), dies at age 65.

1827 William Rowan Hamilton presents his Theory of systems of rays.

1828 Birth of Albert king of Saxon (1873-1902).

1838 Birth of Alfred J Verwee Flemish painter.

1838 English steamship "Great Western" crossing Atlantic docks in New York City, New York.

1838 John W Janssens Governor-General of Cape Colony/Dutch-Indies, dies at age 75.

1847 Erik Gustaf Geijer composer, dies at age 64.

1850 Death of William Wordsworth, English poet (b. 1770)

1850 William Wordsworth poet, dies at age 80.

1851 Canada issues its first postage stamps.

1852 Birth of Edwin Markham US, poet (first winner of Ameican Academy of Poets Award 1937).

1853 Auguste Laurent chemist, dies.

1855 Birth of Ernst L Wolzogen German writer/founder (Cabaret _berbrettl).

1857 Birth of Ruggero Leoncavallo Naples Italy, composer (I Medici).

1858 Birth of Max Ludwig Planck German physicist (Quanta Physics, Planck Constant, Nobel Prize 1918).

1860 Democratic convention in Charleston, South Carolina, divided over slavery.

1861 Arkansas troops seize Fort Smith.

1861 Battle of San Antonio, Texas.

1861 Birth of Edmund Henry Hynman first viscount Allenby of Megiddo/Fieldmarshal.

1864 Battle of Cane River, Louisiana (Red River Expedition, Monett's Ferry).

1865 Birth of Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general (d. 1943)

1865 James Dearing, US Confederate Brigadier-General, dies at age 24.

1867 Birth of Simon Abramsz Dutch teacher/writer (For the Young Ones).

1867 Queen Victoria and Napoleon III turn down plans for a channel tunnel.

1867 William Lincoln patents the zoetrope, a machine which shows animated pictures by mounting a strip of drawings in a wheel.

1871 Blossom Rock in San Francisco Bay blown up.

1876 Birth of Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (d. 1925)

1877 Birth of Arthur Farwell composer.

1878 First Dutch test drive of steam tram.

1878 Friedrich Preller landscape painter, dies.

1880 Birth of Michel Fokine, Russian choreographer and dancer (d. 1942)

1880 Guess Saleh [Sarief Bastaman] Javanese painter, dies.

1881 Birth of Claude Carter South African slow lefty cricket player (1912-22).

1881 Gilbert and Sullivan's opera "Patience or Bunthorne's Bride" produced in London.

1882 Birth of Albert Coates Saint Petersburg Russia, conductor/composer (Eagle).

1883 John Heemskerk Azn forms Dutch government.

1885 William Henry Holmes composer, dies at age 73.

1889 Birth of Charles Warrell big Chief I-Spy writer/teacher.

1889 Death of Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly, French writer (b. 1808)

1890 Birth of Donald Nichols Tweedy composer.

1891 Jews are expelled from Moscow Russia.

1892 Birth of Minus van Looi [Benjamin van der Voort] Flemish writer.

1893 Birth of Frank Borzage Salt Lake City, director (7th Heaven, Strange Cargo).

1894 Birth of Basil Sydney Saint Osyth Essex England; actor (Hamlet, Jassy, Simba, Farmer's Wife).

1895 Birth of Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand writer (d. 1982)

1895 Death of Carl Ludwig, German physician (b. 1815)

1895 Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig physiologist, dies.

1896 Birth of Margaret Kennedy novelist.

1896 Vitascope system of movie projection first demonstrated (Koster and Bial's Music Hall, New York City).

1897 Birth of Harold French director (Encore)/actor.

1897 Clement Harris composer, dies at age 25.

1898 Birth of Edwin E Dwinger German writer (General Vlassov).

1899 Birth of Dame Edith Ngaio Marsh Christchurch New Zealand, Kiwi mystery writer (Black Beech and Honeydew).

1900 Birth of Ary Verhaar composer.

1900 First known occurrence of word "hillbillie" (New York Journal).

1901 Birth of E.B. Ford, British ecological geneticist (d. 1988)

1902 Birth of Halld=r Laxness Iceland, novelist (Salka Valka) (Nobel Prize 1955).

1903 New York Highlanders (New York Yankees) win their first game beating Washington Senators 7-2.

1904 American Academy of Arts and Letters forms.

1904 Birth of Duncan Renaldo Spain; actor (Cisco Kid).

1905 Birth of Lord Carew Ireland, judge (dressage).

1905 Karel Komzak composer, dies at age 54.

1906 Birth of Marcel Hillaire Cologne Germany; actor (Adventures in Paradise).

1907 Birth of Baroness Dudley.

1908 Birth of Frederick Hawkins dancer.

1908 Denmark, Germany, England, France, Netherlands and Sweden signs North Sea accord.

1910 Birth of Simone Simon France, actress (All Money Can Buy, Ladies in Love).

1910 International Exhibition opens in Brussels.

1910 Theodore Roosevelt makes his Man in the Arena speech.

1911 Birth of Ronald Neame director (first Monday in October, Poseidon Adventure).

1913 Birth of Jan Meyerowitz composer.

1914 Birth of Andrew Martin Lord-Lieutenant (Lechestershire England).

1915 ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA).

1915 Birth of Arnold Hall CEO (Hawker Siddeley Group).

1915 Rupert Chawner Brooke English poet (Lithuania), dies at age 27.

1916 Birth of Bud Wilkinson college football coach (Oklahoma).

1916 Lord Dunsany's "Night at an Inn", premieres in New York City.

1917 Birth of Jacob Kistemaker nuclear physicist (ultra centrifuge).

1918 Battle of Zeebrugge ends.

1918 Birth of Anthony Craxton British TV producer.

1918 Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea.

1918 National Urban League forms.

1918 Percy Thomson Dean Lieutenant-commander, killed at Zeebrugge, dies.

1919 Birth of Dorian Leigh San Antonio Texas, model, sister of Suzy Parker.

1919 Major leagues open a reduced 140-game season.

1920 Birth of Eric Yarrow CEO (Clydesdale Bank).

1920 The national council in Turkey denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.

1920 Turkish Grand National Assembly first meets, in Ankara.

1921 Birth of Janet Blair Altoona Pennsylvania, actress (Leave it to the Girls, Smith Family).

1921 Charles Paddock runs world record 100 metre (10.4 seconds).

1922 Birth of Boy [Segundo JA] Ecury Aruba, resistance fighter.

1923 Birth of Nathan "Dambuzza" Mdledle; singer (played a major role in the evolution of South African music).

1923 Inauguration ceremonies take place of Gdynia as a temporary military port and fishers' shelter.

1924 Birth of Arthur Frackenpohl in Irving, New Jersey, USA; composer (Natural Superiority of Music).

1924 British Empire Exhibition opens at Wembley.

1926 Birth of Richard Laws; Master (Saint Edmunds College, Cambridge, USA).

1928 Birth of Bill Cotton; CEO (Noel Gay TV).

1930 Birth of Michael Bowen; Roman Catholic Archbishop (Southwark).

1932 Birth of Halston [R Halston Frowick]; fashion designer (1972 Hall of Fame).

1932 Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens at Stratford-on-Avon.

1932 The 153-year old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, the Netherlands burns down.

1933 Dovo soccer team forms in Veenendaal.

1935 Birth of Bunky Green, American musician

1935 Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted.

1936 Birth of John D'Arcy; cricket player (New Zealand Test batsman on 1958 England tour).

1936 Carl Hubbell's first start of season is his 17th straight win.

1936 Death of Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (b. 1889)

1937 Birth of Barry Shepherd; cricket player (Australian lefty bat early 1960s).

1938 Birth of Russell Hillhouse; under-secretary Scottish Office.

1938 Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self-government.

1939 Birth of Ray Peterson in Denton, Texas, USA; singer ("Tell Laura I Love Her").

1940 Dance hall fire kills 198 in Natchez, Mississippi, USA.

1940 New York Yankees dedicate a plaque to Jacob Rupert.

1940 Rhythm Night Club fire at a dance hall in Natchez, Mississippi kills 198 people.

1941 Birth of Hal Daub; American politician (Representative-Republican-Nebraska, 1981-).

1941 Greece surrenders to Italy.

1942 Birth of Sandra Dee, American actress (d. 2005)

1942 Four-day Allied bombing on Rostock begins.

1942 Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, President of Argentina (1922-28), dies at age 73.

1942 World War II: Baedeker Blitz ? German bombers hit Exeter, Bath and York in retaliation for the British raid on Lübeck.

1943 Birth of Tony Esposito in Ontario, Canada; NHL goalie (Chicago Blackhawks).

1943 British and US offensive directed at Tunis/Bizerta.

1943 FrTderic baron d'Erlanger, French composer/banker, dies at age 74.

1945 Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated.

1945 US troops in Italy cross river Po.

1946 Brooklyn Dodgers' Ed Head no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0.

1947 Birth of Saskia [Trudy van den Berg]; singer (S and Serge, Spinning Wheel).

1948 1948 Arab-Israeli War: Haifa, the major port of Israel, is captured from Palestinian forces.

1948 Birth of Pascal Quignard, French author

1949 Birth of John Miles; vocal/guitar/keyboards (John Miles Band - "Rebel", "Zaragon").

1949 Chinese Red army conquers Nanjing.

1949 Netherlands annexes Elten and Tudderen.

1950 4th NBA Championship: Minneapolis Lakers beat Syracuse Nationals, 4 games to 2.

1950 First major league baseball day game completed under lights (Philadelphia Phillies 6, Boston Braves 5).

1950 Nationalist China evacuates Hainan Island.

1950 NHL Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat New York Rangers, 4 games to 3.

1951 Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Richmond Women's Golf Open.

1951 Birth of Loek Hermans; Dutch Member of Parliament (VVD).

1951 Death of Charles G. Dawes, Vice President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865)

1952 Birth of Narada Michael Walden in Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA; rocker/producer ("I Don't Want Nobody Else", "I Shoulda Loved Ya").

1952 Bob Cain of Saint Louis Browns and Bob Feller of Cleveland Indians each pitch a one-hitter.

1952 Death of Julius Freed, American inventor and banker (b. 1887)

1952 New York Giants' Hoyt Wilhelm wins his first relief game and hits his only homerun.

1952 Oil pipeline from Kirkuk to Banias completed.

1953 Birth of Fred Upton; American politician (Representative-Republican-Michigan).

1953 General Charles P Cabell, US Air Force, becomes deputy director of US Central Intelligence Agency.

1954 Birth of Michael Moore; documentary film maker.

1955 Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Carrollton Golf Open.

1955 Birth of Captain Sensible; bassist (Damned - "Happy Talk").

1955 Robert H Woltjer, classical/AR-First-Member of parliament, dies at age 76.

1956 Birth of Peter Teravainen in Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA; Australasia golfer.

1956 US Supreme court ends race segregation on buses.

1957 Birth of Kathleen Lynch in Motueka, New Zealand; cyclist (Olympics-1996).

1958 Birth of Hilmar rn Hilmarsson, Icelandic music composer

1958 Gil Hodges hits his 300th homerun and Pee Wee Reese plays in 2,000th game.

1959 First heliport in Britain opens in London.

1960 Birth of Joseph Martin Mudd in Louisville, Kentucky, USA; PGA golfer (1988 Federal Express).

1960 Cornelis Jan Bakkerr, Dutch/US nuclear physicist, dies.

1960 Toyohiko Kagawa, Japanese Christian-social reformer/writer, dies at age 71.

1961 Birth of George Lopez, American actor and comedian

1961 Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open.

1962 New York Mets win their first game ever, after going 0-9, beat Pittsburgh Pirates 9-1.

1962 Stirling Moss, auto racer, killed while racing at age 32.

1963 Birth of Benoit Doucet in MontrTal, QuTbec, Canada; hockey forward (Team Germany 1998).

1964 Birth of General [Simon Matthews]; English pop drummer (Jesus Jones-Zeroes and Ones).

1964 Houston Colt 45s' Ken Johnson becomes first major league pitcher to lose a 9-inning no-hitter, Cincinnati Reds win 1-0.

1964 New York State Theater opens.

1965 Birth of Donna Weinbrecht; skier (Olympics-gold).

1965 Launch of first Soviet communications satellite.

1966 Birth of Jacques "Jacq" Koumans; soccer player (NAC).

1967 A group of young radicals are expelled from the Nicaraguan Socialist Party (PSN). This group goes on to found the Socialist Workers Party (POS).

1967 Birth of Brent Muscat; rocker (Faster Pussycat-Wake Me When It's Over).

1967 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Raleigh Ladies Golf Invitational.

1968 Birth of Susan Emily Savastano in East Providence, Rhode Island, USA; Miss Rhode Island-America (1991).

1968 First decimal coins issued in Britain (5 and 10 pence).

1968 The United Kingdom produces its first decimalised coins, a 5p and a 10p coin.

1968 United Methodist Church forms.

1968 Vietnam War: Student protesters at Columbia University in New York City take over administration buildings and shut down the university.

1969 ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Jim Chestney.

1969 Birth of Nadeem Shahid; cricket player.

1969 Los Angeles Lakers' Jerry West scores 53 points.

1969 Over 1000 square miles flooded in Shantung Province, China.

1969 Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death for killing US Senator Robert Kennedy.

1970 Birth of Cristiano Caratti in Italy; tennis star (1987 Orange Bowl boys doubles).

1971 Birth of Chuck Adams in Pacific Palisades, California, USA; tennis star (1989 USTA Boys).

1971 Columbia University operations virtually end, by student strike.

1971 Soyuz 10 launched; soft docks with Salyut 1.

1971 William Tubman, President of Liberia (1944-71), dies at age 76.

1972 Betty Burfeind wins LPGA Birmingham Centennital Golf Classic.

1972 Birth of Rachel Hetherington in Port Macquarie, New South Wales; golfer (1993 New South Wales champion).

1973 Birth of Derek Armstrong in Ottawa, Canada; NHL center (New York Islanders).

1973 Otto Eissfeldt; German old testament scholar, dies at age 85.

1974 A Pan American World Airways Boeing 707 crashes in Bali, Indonesia, killing 107.

1974 Birth of Joey Kent; wide receiver (Tennessee Oilers).

1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan.

1975 Birth of Bret Anderson; Canadian Football League slot back (British Columbia Lions).

1975 Death of William Hartnell, English actor (b. 1908)

1975 Pete Ham, rocker (Badfinger), commits suicide by hanging himself at age 27.

1976 Birth of Tamas Buday Jr in Budapest, Hungary; Canadian canoeist (Olympics-1996).

1977 ADO The Hague soccer team forms.

1977 Birth of John Cena, American professional wrestler and rapper

1977 Czechoslovakian chess master Vlastimil Hort plays 201 games simultaneously and only loses 10.

1977 Dr Allen Bussey completes 20,302 yo-yo loops.

1977 Military workers kill 300-500 students in Addis Ababa.

1978 Amy Alcott wins LPGA American Defender Golf Classic.

1978 Cincinnati Reds' Joe Morgan ends record streak of 91 consecutive errorless games at second base.

1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk.

1979 Birth of Jaime King, American actress

1979 Death of Blair Peach, New Zealand-born anti-fascist (b. 1946)

1979 Fighting in London between the Anti-Nazi League and the Metropolitan Police's Special Patrol Group results in the death of protestor Blair Peach.

1980 146 people die near Los Rodeos, Tenerife, Spain, as a Dan Air Boeing 727 crashes while attempting to land.

1980 Soviet submarine catches fire off Japan, nine die.

1981 Birth of Gabriella Windsor, daughter of English prince Michael.

1981 Stefano Bontade, Mafia boss in Sicily, is murdered in Palermo, the opening shot in a Mob War orchestrated by Salvatore Riina.

1982 Dennis Wardlow, Mayor of Key West, Florida, declares the independent Conch Republic for a day.

1983 Birth of Daniela Hantuchova; Slovakian tennis player.

1983 Buster Crabbe, 400 metre US swimmer (Olympics-gold-1932)/actor, dies from a heart attack in Scottsdale, Arizona at age 76.

1983 Corinne HermFs wins the Eurovision Song Contest 1983 for Luxembourg with the song "Si la vie est cadeau".

1983 David Hookes scores his only Test Cricket century, 143 versus Sri Lanka.

1983 Death of Buster Crabbe, American swimmer and actor (b. 1908)

1984 Birth of Alexandra Kosteniuk, Russian chess player.

1984 Death of Red Garland, American jazz pianist (b. 1923)

1984 In Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, a magnitude 4.4 earthquake occurs.

1985 Brooklyn College soccer team wins Nepal's invitational.

1985 Coca-Cola changes its secret flavor formula and releases New Coke.

1985 Death of Sam Ervin, American politician (b. 1896)

1985 Sam J Ervin Jr, American politician (Senator-Democrat-North Carolina) dies at age 88.

1986 Birth of Sven Kramer, Dutch speedskater and olympic medal winner

1986 Death of Harold Arlen, American composer (b. 1905)

1986 Harold Arlen [Hyman Arluck], American music composer, murdered at age 81 (born 1905).

1986 Jim Laker, cricket player (193 wickets for England at 21 24), dies.

1986 Madrid-Nelli Cooman runs world record 60 metre indoor (7 seconds).

1987 28 construction workers killed in an apartment building collapse in Bridgeport, Connecticut.

1987 Birth of Emily Fox; American cupstacking champion.

1987 New Jersey Devils' farm team Maine Mariners (AHL) move to Utica (Devils) New York.

1988 A Greek pedals self-powered aircraft 74 miles.

1988 Arthur Michael, Lord Ramsey/archbishop of Canterbury, dies (born 1904).

1988 Birth of Erica Mer, American actress.

1988 Karolina Szabo runs female world record 25km (1:29:30)/30km (1:47:06).

1988 US Federal smoking ban begins during domestic airline flights of two hours or less.

1989 Betsy King wins LPGA USX Golf Classic.

1989 Birth of Nicole Vaidi_ov, Czech tennis player.

1989 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar plays his last game with the Los Angeles Lakers.

1989 Nolan Ryan blows a no hitter in 9th inning.

1989 Students in Beijing, China announce class boycotts.

1990 Birth of Matthew Underwood, American actor.

1990 Death of Paulette Goddard, American actress (b. 1911)

1990 In an election in Karl-Marx-Stadt over 75 percent of the voters vote to change the name of the city back to Chemnitz. The name had been changed on May 5, 1953 in honor of the 135th birthday of Karl Marx.

1990 Namibia becomes the 160th member of the United Nations and the 50th member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

1991 Bjrn Borg loses 6-2, 6-3 to Jordi Arrese after 8 year lay off.

1991 Death of Johnny Thunders, American musician (b. 1952)

1991 Gordon Greenidge scores 223 versus Australia, his last Test Cricket knock at home.

1991 Peter Bailey, graphic designer/calligrapher, dies.

1991 USSR grants republics right to secede under certain conditions.

1992 Death of Satyajit Ray, Indian filmmaker (b. 1921)

1992 Deron Johnson, 1965 National League run leader, dies of cancer at age 53.

1992 Marion Berry (former mayor of Washington DC) is released from prison.

1992 McDonald's opens its first fast-food restaurant in China.

1992 Satyajit Ray, Indian film director (Distant Thunder/Agantuk), dies at age 70 (born 1921).

1992 Victoria Kellem Lederman, model, dies of amyloidosis at age 52.

1993 Birth of Akrit Jaswal, child physician.

1993 Death of CTsar Estrada Chvez, civil rights activist (born 1927).

1993 Eritreans vote overwhelmingly for independence from Ethiopia in a United Nations-monitored referendum.

1993 Eritrea votes to secede from Ethiopia.

1993 Lalith Athulathmudali, Sri Lankan minister, murdered at age 59.

1993 The WHO declares tuberculosis a Global Emergency.

1994 Army shoots to death 23-40 fishermen in Gonaives, Haiti.

1994 General Tire World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Norm Duke.

1994 Libertarian party nominates Howard Stern for Governor of New York.

1994 Physicists discover the top quark subatomic particle.

1995 Death of Howard Cosell, American sports journalist (b. 1918)

1995 John Stennis, American politician (Senator-Democrat-Mississippi), dies at age 93.

1995 Laura Davis wins LPGA Chick-fil-A Charity Golf Championship.

1995 Lonesome Sundown, blues singer/guitarist, dies at age 66.

1995 President Bill Clinton declares a national day of mourning for Oklahoma City bombing victims.

1995 Robert Selby Taylor, bishop, dies at age 86.

1996 Death of P. L. Travers, Australian author (b. 1899)

1996 Leonard Kuntstat, blues discographer, dies at age 70.

1997 32nd Academy of Country Music Awards: LeAnn Rines, Brooks and Dunn win.

1997 Death of Denis Compton, English cricketer (b. 1918)

1997 Omaria massacre in Algeria; 42 villagers killed.

1997 Omaria massacre in Algeria; 42 villagers killed.

1998 Death of Constantine Karamanlis, Greek politician (born 1907).

2003 Beijing closes all of its schools for two weeks due to the SARS virus.

2003 Beijing closes all schools for two weeks due to the SARS virus.

2003 Birth of Princess Laetitia Maria of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este, daughter of Archduke Lorenz of Austria-Este and Princess Astrid of Belgium.

2003 Death of Fernand Fonssagrives, French photographer (born 1910).

2003 US President George W. Bush signs legislation authorizing changes to the design of the 5-cent coin through 2005, to commemorate the bicentennial of the Louisiana Purchase and the Lewis and Clark expedition.

2005 Death of John Mills, English actor (born 1908).

2005 Silvio Berlusconi, prime minister of Italy, re-forms the government after its dissolution three days earlier.

2006 Death of Alida Valli, Italian actress (born 1921).

2007 Bogot, Colombia, begins its term as World Book Capital.

2007 Death of David Halberstam, American author and journalist (born 1934).

2009 In Baghdad, Iraq, two suicide bombers blow themselves up in separate attacks, killing 76 people.

2010 The X-37B unmanned military prototype spaceplane is launched atop an Atlas V rocket into orbit from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. The 9m long reusable spaceplane is about one-quarter the size of the space shuttle.