I am a bit burned out and I need time to recuperate. Also, I have some other things I need to work on, including developing some other revenue…
This country has been having a nationwide nervous breakdown since 9/11. A nation of people suddenly broke, the market economy goes to shit, and they’re threatened on every side by an unknown, sinister enemy. But I don't think fear is a very effective way of dealing with things—of responding to reality. Fear is just another word for ignorance.”
- Hunter S. Thompson, gonzo journalist
The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) refuses to hand over requested communications between Hunter Biden and then-Vice President Joe Biden’s staff.
Just The News reports that the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request by America First Legal (AFL) has been rejected by NARA, which is claiming an exemption that allegedly includes communications between the president and his advisors, as well as communications between advisors.
On Wednesday, AFL released the emails that it had received from NARA, which were heavily-redacted. Despite handing over some emails, NARA confirmed the existence of additional communications that it refused to release.
One of the points of interest in AFL’s request is an email from Hunter Biden’s business partner at the time, Eric Schwerin, sent to the Office of the Vice President (OVP), concerning an alleged “China Lunch” that took place ahead of an official visit from Chinese President Hu Jintao in 2011. NARA claimed that releasing this particular email “would disclose confidential advice between the President and his advisors, or between such advisors.”
Webmaster addition: FBI, Secret Service, and now the National Archives! Could they make it any more obvious that Biden has something to hide?
Virginia Governor Glenn Youngkin has announced that he will send soldiers to the United States border with Mexico, joining a growing list of Republican US state leaders to do so.
In a directive on Wednesday, Youngkin authorised the deployment of 100 members of the Virginia National Guard and 21 support personnel, contributing to a trend of border militarisation that has been decried by human rights groups.
After nearly three years of promises, the Army is still yet to deliver a long-awaited regulation to standardize how the service works to prevent and respond to suicide.
An Army spokesperson acknowledged the holdup in producing a dedicated suicide prevention regulation, saying in an email that the service is “working urgently but deliberately to complete this effort.“ Army Times reported previous delays, as well as how the service blocked public access to a report cited in an April 2022 story about the wait.
The most recent self-imposed deadline is the end of June, according to written testimony that the service’s top leaders gave to Congress in May.
This time, the delay is due in part to the Defense Department releasing the recommendations of the DoD’s Suicide Prevention and Response Independent Review Committee. The group released its report in February, and the delay is likely intended to align the Army’s guidance with the committee’s recommendations.
“Covidism: Contagious Deception” is the most comprehensive documentary on COVID-19 as it thoroughly analyzes both the scientific and political aspects of this terrible crisis.
The documentary was written and produced by Bonum Vincit (pseudonym), an independent Bulgarian film producer who prefers to remain anonymous.
It took the author almost 3 years and thousands of hours of meticulous research to make the movie.
Part 1 carefully examines how authorities worldwide have been gaming the numbers regarding cases, hospitalizations and deaths from the alleged coronavirus.
Part 1 also explains how health officials actively suppressed safe and effective treatments for Covid-19, while employing deadly protocols for hospital patients.
A calamity of even greater cataclysmic proportions and consequences is either soon to break out in the war in Ukraine or sanity somehow finally will prevail against all odds, with all the combatants suddenly finding a way to end the conflict without continuing to kill themselves and, in the process, potentially all the rest of us.
America’s Neo-Con radicals and their allies in the world can feel the war slipping out of the grasp of their control, even in spite of the gross billions of taxpayer monies stolen from the citizenry of the entire Western World, without their approval or express permission; not to mention the massive amounts of military weaponry paid for by the citizens themselves for their own nation’s safety and protection, rather than shipped off to the Ukraine Armed Forces without any popular vote, plebiscite or referendum of any kind.
Citizens and politicians alike in the West remain asleep at the wheel for all intents and purposes of all the monies and weaponry that have been used so far to endlessly fund literally all the materials of war, as well as the infrastructure of Ukrainian society itself; of which the majority of monies never reach the people or armed combatants themselves because the monies are continually being clandestinely siphoned off to war profiters, oligarchs, black-market dealers and politicians. The Corrupt Game of War continues to be played out, while everyone just shrugs their shoulders, shakes their heads and looks the other way, like helpless deer, frozen in the glare of the on-coming lights and the potential grizzly death that awaits.
There are some interesting comments in Russia to Iran’s development of nuclear military capabilities. See this.
Izvestia calmly notes that Iran’s successfully tested Khaibar missile can deliver a 1.5 ton nuclear warhead over 2,000 km and has capabilities against electronic countermeasures. Izvestia then adds, that Iran can have a nuclear warhead “in 2-3 years”.
Also, Izvestia notes that there will be no JCPOA. On the prospects of this, Izvestia argues that a nuclear Iran is no cause for worry and will “safeguard friends” of Iran (of which Russia is one).
This news comes as reports emerge that Iran has completed a new nuclear facility which is 90 m underground – out of the reach of even the US’ strongest bunker buster bombs. Neither JCPOA nor US-Israeli conventional bombs can stop the Iranian nuclear program. As Izvestia dryly observes, the Iranian military nuclear program has “left the technical phase” and is already a political reality.
Target Corporation is partnering with a K-12 education group which focuses on getting districts to adopt policies that will keep parents in the dark on their child’s in-school gender transition, providing sexually explicit books to schools for free, and integrating gender ideology at all levels of curriculum in public schools, Fox News Digital uncovered.
“GLSEN leads the movement in creating affirming… and anti-racist spaces for LGBTQIA+ students. We are proud of 10+ years of collaboration with GLSEN and continue to support their mission,” Target said. The retail giant provides annual donations to GLSEN.
GLSEN calls for gender ideology to be integrated into all classes, even math. It provides educators instructions on how they can make math “more inclusive of trans and non-binary identities” by including “they/them” pronouns in word problems.
In another example, GLSEN recommended that teachers intervene if students are making graphs about sex and gender to ensure it includes the ideology supported by GLSEN. “When students are creating their own surveys, if they want to include data for biological sex, teachers need to be sure they include both intersex and other as choices.”
“[A]nd if the students want to include data for gender, a variety of choices need to be included, such as agender, genderfluid, female, male, nonbinary, transman, transwoman, and other,” a lesson plan continued.
GLSEN also spotlighted recommendations from a teacher who discussed incorporating gender ideology into science.
British intelligence agencies are facing a new investigation over their alleged complicity in the torture of two Saudi men at CIA “black sites” prior to their detention at Guantanamo Bay.
In separate legal cases, the two men accuse British intelligence agencies of conspiring with US officials in a CIA-run “secret detention, torture and interrogation programme” in the aftermath of the 9/11 al-Qaeda attacks in the US in 2001.
Lawyers representing the two men, Mustafa al-Hawsawi and Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, have filed complaints with the Investigatory Powers Tribunal, a court that hears allegations of wrongdoing by the UK’s security services.
In a key judgment, judges last week unanimously agreed that the tribunal would consider Hawsawi’s complaint, rejecting arguments by the British government that it did not have jurisdiction in the case. They said the case raised issues “of the gravest possible kind”.
Sudan’s military suspended its participation in talks with a paramilitary force it’s been battling for weeks for control of the northeastern African country, a military spokesman said Wednesday.
The development was a blow to the United States and Saudi Arabia, who have been mediating between the two sides. The conflict has plunged Sudan into chaos.
Brig. Nabil Abdalla, a spokesperson for the Sudanese armed forces, told The Associated Press that the move is a protest against the Rapid Support Forces’ “repeated violations” of the humanitarian cease-fire, including their continued occupation of hospitals and other civilian infrastructure in the capital, Khartoum.
Sudan descended into chaos after fighting erupted in mid-April between the military, led by Gen. Abdel-Fattah Burhan, and the RSF, commanded by Gen. Mohammed Hamdan Dagalo. The fighting has killed at least 866 civilians and wounded thousands more, according to the Sudanese Doctors’ Syndicate, which tracks civilian casualties. The toll could be much higher, the medical group had previously said.
Webmaster addition: It's looking like all of Africa is being destabilized so that its vast untapped natural resources may be plundered!
Burkina Faso’s prime minister on Tuesday ruled out any negotiations with jihadist insurgents that have taken control of swathes of the West African country since 2015.
“We will never negotiate, either over Burkina Faso’s territorial integrity or its sovereignty,” Apollinaire Kyelem de Tambela told parliament, adding that the government aimed to double the number of volunteers for the VDP civil defense militia to 100,000.
“The only negotiations that matter with these armed bandits are those taking place on the battlefield,” de Tambela told the Transitional Legislative Assembly.
Burkina Faso has been ruled since 2022 by a military junta led by Captain Ibrahim Traore.
As with most things espoused in the name of social progress, the left’s aggressive push for EV technology conveniently forgets the lives of those affected by it the most.
“On my watch, the great American road trip is going to be fully electrified…you can get up to $7,500 on a new electric vehicle,” Biden exclaimed during a photo-op in a shiny electric Hummer. I bet that tax credit will come in handy when the average American is forced to buy a $60,000 EV after gas-powered cars are banned outright.
Leftists love to harp on the life-or-death need to eliminate anything non-electric. Biden is currently setting his sights on an emissions mandate that could severely limit the accessibility of gas-powered cars to blue-collar citizens. The administration is justifying its control of the market by stating that it’s the equitable thing to do.
The strengthening of ties between the BRICS bank and Saudi Arabia, the world’s second-largest oil producer, is undesirable for the West as it again signals another advancement in the de-dollarisation of the global economy. In the last week of May, Saudi Arabia held talks to join BRICS’ New Development Bank as its ninth member, a decision that is not only economic but also with political motive.
Saudi Arabia’s benefit from joining the NDB is clear, given the potential for increased trade, especially Saudi exports. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the world’s largest oil suppliers, and BRICS countries produce many different goods. Therefore, such cooperation can be considered mutually beneficial. Saudi membership in the NDB will expand the internal market of the BRICS countries, which means opening new opportunities for economic development in these countries.
As Bloomberg reported on May 30:
“The New Development Bank, the lender created by the BRICS group of nations, will widen its membership as it seeks to boost its capital and counter the influence of Western-dominated multilateral banks.”
These were not provided to me by Pfizer but through a source at the EMA (European Medicines Agency). I have no reason to doubt this document. Treat it as you wish. Assuming this source through the EMA is providing an accurate document and it sure appears as such, a lot of horrific conclusions should follow.
Spend time looking at it.
Let the weight of the conclusions sink in.
Why are they sitting on disastrous data that shows their product is lethal and dangerous to health.
Why are they even a publicly traded company.
Can you trade in death and disease on this level and be on the stock exchange as a legitimate institution of capitalism.
Its like having a publicly traded company that allows you to hire their hit men for a fee.
Webmaster addition: This appears to be the same document which was released as part of a FOIA lawsuit against the FDA; the one in which the FDA said it would take 75 years to release all the files (the judge put a stop to that). This was the document that revealed my polymyalgia rheumatica is in fact an adverse vaccine effect.
Amish communities rejected Covid vaccines, refused to wear masks, and went about their normal daily activities while the rest of America was turned upside-down.
According to the CDC and mainstream media, the Amish were set to suffer from excess death due to Covid. In reality, the exact opposite happened.
The mainstream media will not touch this story because it completely dismantles the entire establishment narrative. It shows that all the COVID interventions were completely unnecessary.
Universal Studios Hollywood is teaming up with Los Angeles Pride to host an all-ages after-hours “Pride” celebration at the theme park.
The June 8 event will feature photo ops with beloved children’s characters and drag shows.
Inside the Magic reports, “Guests can enjoy dance parties with live DJs, meet and greets with 14 Universal characters, exclusive photo-ops, and a Drag Show featuring LGBTQIA+ artists, including Morgan McMichaels, A’keria Chanel Davenport, Jessica Wild, Angeria Paris VanMichaels, and Kerri Colby!”
Nearly all rides and attractions will stay open during the event.
“General Admission Guests can enter Universal Studios Hollywood at 4 p.m. and enjoy all the Universal Park offers during daytime hours,” the report added.
On Sunday, June 26, 2022, shortly before 1 p.m., officers responded to an armed robbery call for service on Tuckaseegee Road, regarding a suspect stealing groceries from a Food Lion. The suspect brandished a firearm during the incident. Officers encountered the suspect nearby on Tuckaseegee Road, based on the description of the suspect and items noted on the call. When officers approached the suspect, later identified as 45-year-old Kevin Boston, Boston pulled out a firearm. Officers took cover and gave commands for him to drop the weapon.
Boston did not comply and continued to walk down the street with the gun in his hand. Officers perceived an imminent deadly threat and discharged their service weapons. Boston was struck by the gunfire. Boston also fired at officers, and several of his rounds struck CMPD patrol vehicles. When safely able to do so, officers moved to take Boston into custody and render emergency aid. Boston was transported to the Hospital. Boston later died of six gunshot wounds, according to his autopsy report. The firearm used by Boston in this incident was recovered on scene. According to the report, the CMPD officers fired a total of 13 times. Boston had fired six shots from a Ruger .357 Revolver, and he also had a zipper bag with 18 additional rounds.
As another glorious day dawns in California, another business entity gives up on the state.
For years, California has failed to develop and maintain its water infrastructure. It also allowed eco-activists to impose policies prohibiting brush-clearing. Decisions like these have consequences.
One of the largest insurance agencies in the country will no longer accept applications for home and business insurance in California due to wildfire risks and the cost of rebuilding.
State Farm has ceased new applications, including all business and personal lines property and casualty insurance, starting Saturday, the company announced in a press release.
Existing customers will not be affected, and the company will continue to offer auto insurance in the state, according to the release.
Construction costs in California have also escalated. This is a contributing factor to State Farm’s decision.
Earlier today Project Veritas sued O’Keefe seeking to enforce restrictive covenants in O’Keefe’s employment agreement, effectively seeking to shut down O’Keefe’s new media operation.
From the opening paragaraph of the Complaint (full embed at bottom of this post)
Being known as the founder of an organization does not entitle that person to run amok and put his own interests ahead of that organization. Defendant James O’Keefe (“O’Keefe”) failed in his duties to Plaintiff, Project Veritas, causing it serious and significant damage. O’Keefe must be held accountable, as must the organization O’Keefe created, Defendant Transparency 1, LLC d/b/a O’Keefe Media Group (“OMG”) for suborning his violations. Similarly, two individuals formerly affiliated with Plaintiffs, Defendants RC Maxwell (“Maxwell”) and Anthony Iatropoulos (“Iatropoulos”) breached their own contracts with Plaintiffs for the benefit of OMG. Plaintiffs Project Veritas and Project Veritas Action Fund (together “Project Veritas” or “Plaintiffs”) by their attorneys, allege as follows:
The Complaint goes on to allege that O’Keefe breached, among other things, his contractual duties to devote his full time and efforts to Project Veritas, to keep information confidential, not to disparage Project Veritas, not to solicit employees and donors, and not to compete.
Boston University students must take writing class with ‘social justice emphasis’
“Social justice” and “English supremacy” will be some of the new focuses of Boston University’s Writing Program, according to recently announced changes.
Students now must learn how writing intersects with race, class and the environment due to the new “social justice emphasis” of the program. All students must take a first-year writing requirement through the program.
The new classes include “Linguistic Justice…Who Cares?: Domestic Labor and the Commodification of Care,” “Asians Are People of Color: Exploring the Controversy and Identity Politics,” “Deconstructing Narratives: Stories of Race and Racism in American Cultural Memory” and “Writing Environmental Justice,” according to a university announcement.
As America’s leading cardiologist and COVID-19 expert, Dr. Peter McCullough wasn’t afraid to stand up to big pharma, big tech and big government during the pandemic, and he is showing that same courage to sound the alarm today about the ongoing risks posed by mRNA and spike protein shedding:
One of the most common questions I am asked from the unvaccinated stems from concerns over “shedding”… mRNA vaccines are indeed gene therapy products and should have been submitted to excretion studies by DARPA funded researchers long ago.
Sadly, these careful development steps were skipped from the beginning in our military-style vaccine development program, and now the public is grappling with the issue of nucleic acid and Spike protein shedding as a potential concern among those who have worked so hard to remain healthy and free of COVID-19 vaccination.
Fertig et al, have shown mRNA is circulatory in blood for at least two weeks with no reduction in concentration out to that time point. Likewise, Hanna et al, have found mRNA within breast milk. Less data exist on Spike protein shedding but it is not a far stretch to understand this is well within the realm of reality. The pivotal questions are:
- For how long is a recently vaccinated person at risk to shed on to others?
- Can shed mRNA be taken up by the recipient and begin to produce Spike protein just like vaccination?
- Can shed Spike protein cause disease as it does in the vaccinated (e.g. myocarditis, blood clots, etc.)?
If there was ever any doubt, now we know: Speaker Kevin McCarthy has straw for brains and a Twizzlers stick for a backbone. He was within perhaps five days of breaking the iron grip of America’s fiscal doomsday machine, yet inexplicably he turned tail and threw in the towel for a mess of fiscal pottage.
We are referring, of course, to the impending moment when the US Treasury would have been forced to forgo scheduled vendor or beneficiary distributions in order to preserve incoming cash for interest payments and other priorities. That act of spending deferrals and prioritization would have obliterated the debt “default” canard once and for all, paving the way for a nascent fiscal opposition to regain control of the nation’s wretched public finances.
And there should be no doubt that we were damn close to that crystalizing moment. After all, Grandma Yellen herself forewarned just last week on Meet The Press that absent a debt ceiling increase, the Treasury Department would have to prioritize payments and leave some bills unpaid:
“And my assumption is that if the debt ceiling isn’t raised, there will be hard choices to make about what bills go unpaid,” Yellen said on NBC’s “Meet the Press…….“We have to pay interest and principle on outstanding debt. We also have obligations to seniors who count on Social Security, our military that expects pay, contractors who’ve provided services to the federal government, and some bills have to go unpaid….”
US futures edged higher after the House passed a deal to avert a US default (with more Democrats voting for the "McCarthy" deal than Republicans) and Fed officials hinted at a pause in interest-rate hikes. Globally, the Caixin China PMIs beat expectations (not to be confused with the catastrophic official PMI print) and Euro Area CPI printed dovishly, aiding a global risk-on tone. As of 7:45am ET, S&P 500 futures added 0.2% and were again trading right around 4,200 ironclad resistance, while Nasdaq 100 contracts were 0.1% higher. The Dollar slumped to a three day low as the euro rallied after data showed underlying inflation in the euro zone dipped by more than expected in May, though that may not stop the European Central Bank from raising rates. Treasury yields edged higher, mirroring moves in Europe and the UK. Gold and Bitcoin fell, while oil climbed for the first time in three days. Today’s macro data focus includes ADP, Jobless Claims, ISM-Mfg, and Construction Spending. As the market moves past the debt ceiling, the focus shifts to the Fed and the macro narrative.
However, what does stand out in the facts is that several large, Democratic states have low homelessness. It is these blue states that show us the way to ending our crisis. Let’s take New Jersey, Maryland, Michigan, and Illinois as examples. No one could honestly question the progressive bona fides of Newark, Baltimore, Detroit, and Chicago. Yet the states that are home to each of these cities have substantially lower homelessness per capita than California.
There is one simple answer–each of these states have much stronger hard drug laws than California. Fentanyl, heroin, other hard drug addictions, and the associated mental health crises that these drugs entail are the root cause of California’s homeless crisis. Until we address addiction and mental health, homelessness in our state will only continue to grow. The stubborn fact is that California’s hard drug laws are out of step with progressive states that have low homelessness.
Life is now protected in half of the 50 states.
“Twenty-five states now have laws to protect life between conception and 12 weeks,” pro-life activist Marjorie Dannenfelser says.
“Not even a full year after Dobbs, the pro-life movement can celebrate that we are at the halfway point in the states, thanks to the incredible momentum we have seen in North Carolina, South Carolina, and Nebraska in just the last week and a half,” Dannenfelser, president of Susan B. Anthony Pro-Life America said, following South Carolina’s passage of a law in May that protects life after about six weeks of pregnancy.
The pro-life organization estimates that the many pro-life laws that have been implemented since the Supreme Court’s ruling last June 24 in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization, which ultimately overturned 1973’s Roe v. Wade, have saved roughly 60,000 lives.
While many states have taken action to protect the unborn, states such as Alaska, New Mexico, New Jersey, Oregon, and Vermont allow abortion during all nine months of pregnancy.
Emilee Carpenter, a Christian wedding photographer, had to turn to her lawyer when asked about her religious beliefs about marriage because New York law prevents her from speaking about those beliefs in conjunction with her business.
“So New York’s law is actually so severe, I think I need to pass this over to my attorney, Kellie [Fiedorek], because it actually dictates what I am and am not able to publicly say, which is part of the scare in this law,” Carpenter said when The Daily Signal asked about her views on marriage.
Carpenter and Fiedorek sat down last week with The Daily Signal at the National Religious Broadcasters Convention in Orlando to discuss the wedding photographer’s lawsuit challenging a New York law compelling her to speak in favor of same-sex weddings.
Carpenter, who is represented by Alliance Defending Freedom, filed a lawsuit challenging New York Executive Law Section 296.2(a). The law bars discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, which New York interprets as forcing commercial photographers who photograph opposite-sex weddings to offer their artistic services for same-sex weddings. The law also bars Carpenter from publishing any notice “to the effect that … the patronage … of any person … is unwelcome.”
White House National Security Council spokesman John Kirby was stunned by a reporter’s question at Wednesday’s briefing that mentioned a bribery allegation against Joe Biden, along with his involvement in the Biden family’s international business dealings and whistleblower charges of interference in investigations, followed with a request to comment on a recent poll showing a majority of Americans believe Joe Biden is corrupt.
Kirby let out a shocked, “Wow!” and then stood in stunned silence for several seconds while a gasp of “Jesus!” could be heard in the room. A man off camera volunteered to take the question for Kirby but White House Press Secretary Karine Jean-Pierre told him no. After gathering his thoughts, Kirby stammered out a brief denial on Biden’s behalf and referred the part about the whistleblower to the FBI before leaving the podium.
The bold questioner was New York Post reporter Steven Nelson.
There were 53 shootings in Chicago over Memorial Day weekend, including 11 fatalities.
It appears the governor’s plan to deploy yellow-vested ‘peacekeepers’ to deter violence and crime didn’t work out too well.
Brandon Johnson, the city’s new mayor, released a statement, and blamed the violence on ‘community disinvestment’ and poverty.
Race hustler Ibram X Kendi (born Henry Rogers) is working to get felony murder laws abolished in the name of fighting anti-black racism.
"Massachusetts's felony-murder rule still imposes disproportionate sentences and leads to racial disparities," Kendi said in a statement for his Boston University Center for Antiracist Research.
"CAR's amicus brief argued that felony-murder prosecutions are racist and the racial disparities will persist under the current felony-murder rule in MA," Kendi's statement continued. "The felony murder rule leads to life without parole sentences that disproportionately target people of color."
"To prevent the continuation of disproportionate unconstitutionally cruel, and racist sentencing, CAR's amicus brief argued that the felony-murder doctrine should be abolished."
Kendi's move follows Democrats in Maryland pushing a similar "antiracist" bill to shield anyone under 25 from being charged with felony murder due to their "frontal lobes not being fully developed."
We should actually consider expanding our laws to hold shysters like Kendi responsible for the surge in murder and other violent crimes which their policies have produced.
An 11-year-old boy has been charged in connection with a string of armed robberies in Washington, DC and the media is portraying him as a victim.
From FOX 5 DC, "11-year-old DC boy arrested in connection with robbery, assault cases: police":
An 11-year-old boy was arrested by D.C. Police and is facing charges in connection with at least three robbery and assault with a dangerous weapon offenses.
In one incident, the suspect allegedly tells the victim, "Give me your phone, or I'll shoot you," and, "Haha I got you," later, according to a police report released on Tuesday.
However, police say the 11-year-old suspect still ended up robbing the victim.
All three incidents connected to this one child appear to have occurred within Northwest D.C.’s Park View neighborhood.
The boy was "charged with robbery while armed, assault with a dangerous weapon and robbery (fear)," NBC Washington reports.
Hilariously, Fox 5 DC actually interviewed multiple locals in a bid to portray the alleged robber as the victim:
Skeptic magazine is out with a brand new survey charting libtards' delusional beliefs.
The Skeptic Research Center's survey found most libtards believe "White people have more to be ashamed of than other racial groups" and "Racial minorities in the US have no hope for success because of racism."
In a testament to the power of propaganda, 71% of "very liberal" Americans surveyed and even around half of conservatives believe that "prior to the arrival of the European settlers, Native American/Indigenous tribes lived in peace and harmony."
Native Americans were at constant war with one another, enslaved one another long before any Europeans showed up and scalped and cannibalized their enemies and slaves and wore body parts as trophies.