Luftwaffe Oberleutnant exchanges gifts with a native black Arab in North Africa. Original inscription: On the other side of the Mediterranean Sea. "Signal", U/Nr. 12/41. Photo taken by Kriegsberichter Sturm from PK-W (Propaganda-Company Wehrmacht).
The Luftwaffe squadron (wing) that fought during the North Africa Campaign was Jagdishwar 27 (JG 27). Synonymous with the Africa Corps and the campaign in North Africa, JG 27 provided combat protection for Rommel's forces for virtually the entire 'roller coaster ride' that was the war in the Western Desert from 1941–43.
Formed in Germany on 1 October 1939 (with Adolf Galland as I.Gruppe's CO), JG 27 saw considerable action during the Battle of France and Britain, downing 146 aircraft in the latter campaign alone. Sent to North Africa in April 1941, Geschwader had an immediate impact on the campaign, which was until then dominated by the Allies.
Fighting against the Desert Air Force's generally inferior Hawker Hurricanes and Curtiss P-40s, which were often flown by inexperienced and less trained pilots, the German Bf 109 suffered heavy losses, although serviceability in harsh conditions and chronic fuel shortages did greatly reduced the effectiveness of Geshvader. On March 24, 1942, Lieutenant Korner killed Douglas Boston, Geshwader's 1,000th victory.