Medieval Novgorod was an oligarchic republic. It was a large, fabulously wealthy part of the Hanseatic League. Moscow sought to tie that republic closer to itself and a vision of a unified Russian Orthodox empire. Oligarchy rejects all ideas of the common good or self-sacrifice inherently, so it saw the rise of Moscow as a threat. Novgorod's elite sought an ally in Lithuania. Martha Boretsky, a slaveowner and the most powerful woman in eastern Europe at the time, led the anti-Moscow party and sought entry into a loose confederation of Poland and parts of Orthodox Lithuania.

The author is a well-known academic historian of Russia and Ukraine, which he approaches from a Christian (Russian Orthodox) and nationalist perspective, arguing that nationalism and Christian Orthodoxy are inseparable. He also writes widely on current affairs. Rare for contemporary Western historians of Russia, he sources original materials in Russian, pulling back the veil on much misunderstanding, ranging from modern history back to Russia’s very beginnings in the Middle Ages.

 Russian Federal Security Service (FSB) published a package of documents detailing participation of Latvian Nazi collaborators in murder of hundreds of thousands of Jews, including those transported out of European countries.

The accompanying memo notes that "Latvia is one of those countries that have been actively rebuilding Nazism during the last three decades."

Martha, who was 53 at the time of the break-in and married to Nixon's former Attorney General John Mitchell, was a controversial but generally well-liked figure until, in 1972, she began to suspect that Nixon and his re-election committee were responsible for the Watergate break-in. 

Fifty years ago, the Watergate scandal chewed up and spit out a lot of men in Richard Nixon's orbit.

But there was also a woman who was unceremoniously thrown to the wolves as the walls started to close in around the 37th president of the United States.

Over the last decade, the U.S. has been quietly expanding its covert intelligence empire in Africa as part of a growing geopolitical rivalry with China.

A new book published by Susan Williams, entitled White Malice: The CIA and the Covert Recolonization of Africa, reminds us that the likely consequences will be disastrous.


Williams’s book updates an earlier study edited by Philip Agee, Ellen Ray, William Schaap and Louis Wolf, entitled Dirty Work 2: The CIA in Africa.

Ron Unz is one of the best men of our time. He searches for truth and he supports others who do the same. In this article, he comes to the defense of David Irving, the best historian of the 20th century.