"The real damage in the World Trade Center resulted from the size of the fire. Each floor was about an
acre, and the fire covered the whole floor within a few seconds." [Nova] "The way [the mast of WTC 1]
fell suggests it was failure of the inner core that began the collapse ... The 767 had smashed through the
outer wall and hit the inner core directly destroying the fire protection. The intense fire that followed had
then concentrated around the core [between floors 93 & 98]." [BBC]
Okay, let's take a look...
Twelve employees of the American Bureau of Shipping ... were on the 91st floor of the north tower when the
first plane hit almost exactly at their level. But they were on the northwest corner of the building. The bulk
of the plane's fuselage entered the building about 100 feet south of them. The plane's left wing, banked
toward the ground, wiped out the east side of the floor. But the plane's right wing, banked toward the sky,
sliced through the office above them.
George Sleigh had been at work at ABS since about 7:30 a.m. He
was in his cubicle, surrounded by technical shipping manuals. "I heard this unusual sound. A roaring sound,"
he said. "As I looked up I saw the plane. I thought: 'This guy is really low.' "
A wing flashed past
his eyes, followed by the plane's smooth belly. Then the world caved in. Down the hall from ABS, an office was
obliterated. Above them, Marsh USA Inc., an insurance and risk management firm that occupied the 93rd through
100th floors, was hit badly. It would later report as many as 400 workers missing.
Sleigh, who occupied
the easternmost desk in the ABS office, was buried under a pile of ceiling tiles and bookshelves. His
colleagues were fine, as surprised they were still alive as they were that a plane had just crashed into their
building. They dug Sleigh out, and they all escaped. [Los Angeles
An 800°C inferno supposedly engulfed the levels impacted Flight 11. To put this in perspective a
photograph of the Windsor Building Fire in Madrid which did
burn at 800°C is shown on the right.
Why weren't the above WTC survivors affected by the searing heat of an
She managed one phone call to
her husband, Robert. This is his brief account:
She worked in Tower 1, 95th floor. She was on the
southeast side looking over the Brooklyn Bridge. I talked to her while she was evacuating. She called me on
her cell phone at 9:07. She said she was leaving. She was evacuating.
I said, "I'm coming down to get
you.'' And I told her I loved her. And she told me she loved me. She didn't know that a plane had hit the
building. She just said there was smoke. [New
Twenty minutes after Flight 11 hit WTC 1 survivors in the aircraft impact area were attempting to
leave the building. There should have been no survivors between floors 93 and 98 if an 800ºC inferno was
raging at the core of WTC 1.
If an 800°C
fire was burning at the core of the the building then the visible core area should be glowing bright cherry
red through heating:
The following table (see
http://www.processassociates.com/process/heat/metcolor.htm) provides data regarding the melting
temperatures of lead, aluminum, structural steel and iron, along with approximate metal temperatures by color.
Note that the approximate temperature of a hot metal is given by its color, quite independent of the
composition of the metal. (A notable exception is aluminum, which due to low emissivity and high reflectivity
appears silvery-gray in daylight conditions, at all temperatures whether in solid or liquid forms. Aluminum
does incandesce like other metals, but faintly, so that in broad daylight conditions in air, it appears
silvery-gray according to experiments done at BYU. [physics.byu.edu]
Lead (Pb) Melts Faint Red Blood Red
*Aluminum Melts Medium Cherry Cherry
Bright Cherry Salmon
Dark Orange Orange
Lemon Light Yellow White
*Steel Melts *Iron Melts *Thermite (typical)
Sakher Hammad had a WTC 1 basement pass dated 9/5/2001. This pass gave him access to the 6 underground
levels of WTC 1 and he was working on the sprinklers. Hammad worked for Denko Mechanical, but the Port
Authority of New York have no knowledge of this company.
Who signed Sakher Hammad's WTC basement level pass,
and what was he doing? [Full details]